Why heart transplant patients resume smoking revealed in University of Pittsburgh study

d a 37 percent five-year survival rate for heart transplant patients who smoke, compared to an 80 percent survival for their nonsmoking counterparts.

The Pitt researchers studied 202 heart transplant recipients for up to three years. Of these, 144 (71 percent) had a history of smoking, from two to more than 95 pack years, a calculation based on the number of packs per day times the number of years smoked. As part of a longitudinal study about health habits following transplantation, the researchers conducted in-depth interviews with the patients, their family caregivers, and the patients' transplant nurse coordinators at two, seven, 12 and 36 months after transplantation.

Fifty-five recipients (27 percent of the sample of 202 participants) started smoking at some point after their transplant, and of these recipients, 45 (82 percent) started smoking within the first year, including 26 (58 percent) who started within two months. One patient who had not previously been a smoker took up smoking an occasional cigar. Throughout the three-year period, 25 smoked 10 or fewer cigarettes a day, nine smoked between 11 and 19 a day, and four smoked a pack or more daily. Amount was unknown for the remaining 11 who were mostly cigar smokers.

Based on the series of interviews, researchers were also able to perform statistical analyses indicating the strongest predictors to smoking relapse. Patients who quit smoking for a period of less than six months before their transplant (as opposed to those who quit for longer periods of time) were much more likely to start smoking earlier and more often. Depression and anxiety within two months after the transplant also made it more likely that relapse would occur early, and these patients reported smoking the most -- more than a half a pack a day.

Having a caregiver who smokes was less significant but remained a strong predictor, say the researchers. Of 194 caregivers who took part in the study, 50 were sm

Contact: Lisa Rossi
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center

Page: 1 2 3

Related medicine news :

1. New study in Nature demonstrates protection against cell death during heart attack
2. Uric acid and heart disease
3. Researchers search for first sign of congestive heart failure
4. Hopkins begins human trials with donor adult stem cells to repair muscle damaged from heart attack
5. Extreme exertion, emotion can spark repeat heart attacks
6. Men with severe sleep breathing disorder have higher risk of heart problems
7. Red wine protects the heart
8. Yale authors raise concerns regarding regionalized heart attack care
9. Community-based care beats standard clinic in lowering heart
10. Blacks less likely to get expensive, newer heart treatments
11. Vitamin E may not prevent cancer or cardiovascular events, but may increase risk for heart failure

Post Your Comments:

(Date:5/21/2020)... ... May 21, 2020 , ... Friends of Lisa Campbell, announce that ... by Planned Parenthood Southeast Advocates (PPSEA). PPSEA educates and lobbies on ... the full range of reproductive health care. PPSEA educates and lobbies on behalf of ...
(Date:5/21/2020)... ... May 21, 2020 , ... ... health management platform that supports care management and utilization management at health insurance ... client sites, TruCare 2020 provides significant usability and automation upgrades to all of ...
(Date:5/16/2020)... (PRWEB) , ... May 15, 2020 , ... For patients who have gone to see ... processes that the office has always had in place. After being allowed to re-open during ... ensure that patients and staff are as safe and comfortable as possible while going through ...
(Date:5/15/2020)... ... May 15, 2020 , ... COVID-19 has made people feel fearful, ... making sure their employees can get back to work safely. Their unique line of ... gyms, restaurants, bars, and countless other settings. , Everyone needs to be able to ...
(Date:5/15/2020)... ... 2020 , ... As businesses prepare to reopen, preventative measures must be put ... combat the spread of the virus in a way that is not intrusive or ... their TempCheck Sentinel and TempCheckplus Sentry no-contact infrared temperature sensing systems. , The ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/21/2020)... DUBLIN, Ohio (PRWEB) , ... May 21, 2020 ... ... a pandemic, U.S. healthcare providers nationwide began implementing telehealth solutions in order to ... new survey from Updox , the place for virtual care and complete ...
(Date:5/21/2020)... ... May 21, 2020 , ... MedVet, a leader in emergency ... hospital located at 601 Showers Dr., Mountain View, CA in June 2020. MedVet Mountain ... for pet care in the Silicon Valley and broader Santa Clara County areas. Concurrent ...
(Date:5/21/2020)... Mass. (PRWEB) , ... May 21, 2020 , ... ... the GLO Good Foundation today announced a unique set of retail ... equipment (PPE) donation levels to frontline healthcare. While millions of PPE units have ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: