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$5.8 million funds 2 new studies on best treatments for ADHD

BUFFALO, N.Y. -- William E. Pelham, Jr., Ph.D., professor of psychology, pediatrics and psychiatry at the University at Buffalo and one of the leading experts in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children, has received a total of $5.8 million to begin two new studies of treatment approaches for the condition.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have estimated that approximately 4.4 million children in the U.S. between the ages of 4 and 17 have been diagnosed at some point with ADHD.

Results of both studies are expected to help teachers, physicians and families better determine the best treatment plan for each child. Pelham currently is recruiting children in Western New York and Southern Ontario to take part in the studies.

In one study, Pelham, director of the UB Center for Children and Families, will examine the effectiveness of different amounts of behavior modification for young children with ADHD who are not receiving medication at present. Treatment will begin in August and will last for three years.

  • The second study will investigate the interactions of medication and behavior modification, and the effect of changes in one intervention on the other's effectiveness and on their combined effectiveness. Children in this study will be involved for one school year, and will enter the study in August 2006, 2007 or 2008.

  • The three-year study will involve 150 children who will be in kindergarten or first grade in September 2006 and who meet criteria for ADHD. Because many parents do not know at this young age whether their children have ADHD, children with symptoms of distractibility, impulsivity, difficulty completing tasks and following rules can be referred and will be evaluated for ADHD, Pelham said.

The children will be assigned to one of three groups: a "community comparison group" that receives careful monitoring and medication if needed; a "standard behavi
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Contact: Lois Baker
ljbaker@buffalo.edu
716-645-5000 x1417
University at Buffalo
12-May-2006


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