HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
3-D forms link antibiotic resistance and brain disease

The story of what makes certain types of bacteria resistant to a specific antibiotic has a sub-plot that gives insight into the cause of a rare form of brain degeneration among children, according to investigators at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital. The story takes a twist as key differences among the structures of its main molecular characters disappear and reappear as they are assembled in the cell.

A report on this study appears in the August 16 issue of the journal Structure.

The story is based on a study of the 3-D structure of an enzyme called pantothenate kinase, which triggers the first step in the production coenzyme A (CoA), a molecule that is indispensable to all forms of life. Enzymes are proteins that speed up biochemical reactions. CoA plays a pivotal role in the cells' ability to extract energy from fatty acids and carbohydrates; bacteria need CoA to make their cell walls. The job of pantothenate kinase is to grab a molecule of pantothenic acid (vitamin B-5) and another molecule that contains a chemical group called "phosphate." The enzyme then removes the phosphate group from that molecule and sticks it onto pantothenic acid.

In humans, certain mutations in this enzyme block its ability to put the phosphate group onto pantothenic acid. That diminishes the production of CoA by this route and causes the neurodegenerative disease called pantothenate kinase associated neurodegeneration (PKAN), according to Suzanne Jackowski, Ph.D., a member of the St. Jude Department of Infectious Diseases and a co-author of the paper. "We also know that certain antibiotics called pantothenamides work by impersonating vitamin B-5 and slipping into the enzyme," Jackowski said. "This blocks the bacteria's ability to produce fatty acids." The researchers already knew that different types of bacteria build their own versions of the enzyme pantothenate kinase, which are called Types I, II and III. For example, bacteria c
'"/>

Contact: Bonnie Kourvelas
bonnie.kourvelas@stjude.org
901-495-4815
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
17-Aug-2006


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related medicine news :

1. UQ researchers discover some of the oldest forms of life
2. New reforms could cut the number of unexplained infant deaths
3. UPMC performs first beating heart transplant procedure in the US
4. Satellite images aid implementation of agricultural reforms
5. Genetic pathways to curable and incurable forms of pancreatic cancer identified
6. Comprehensive reforms to move toward patient-centered care released by ACP
7. Reforms to gun dealer sales practices reduce supply of new guns to criminals
8. Mexicos health-system reforms showing encouraging results
9. All forms of tobacco exposure are bad for the heart
10. Low literacy increases risk of death and misunderstanding of medical consent forms
11. Cancer researchers confirm brain tumor genetic subtype informs treatment, predicts outcome

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:10/13/2017)... ... 13, 2017 , ... “America On The Brink”: the Christian history of the ... is the creation of published author, William Nowers. Captain Nowers and his wife, ... he spent thirty years in the Navy. Following his career as a naval ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... The company has developed a ... and regulatory authorities worldwide. From Children’s to Adults 50+, every formula has been ... standard. , These products are also: Gluten Free, Non-GMO, Vegan, Soy Free, ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... system that we intend to develop to enable prevention of a major side ... severe hearing loss, especially in pediatric patients. For cisplatin, hearing loss is FDA ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... On Saturday, October 21, the Health & Wellness ... Moonlight to raise money for the American Heart Association Heart Walk. Teams of up ... work together to keep their treadmills moving for 5 hours. Treadmills will start at ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Vohra Chief Medical ... to physician colleagues, skilled nursing facility medical directors and other clinicians at various ... Wound Care." , "At many of these conferences we get to educate other ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/4/2017)... 4, 2017 OBP Medical , ... medical devices, today announced regulatory approval from ... (or Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (ANVISA)) to ... surgical retractor with integrated LED light source and ... and exposure of a tissue pocket or cavity ...
(Date:10/2/2017)... PHILADELPHIA , Oct. 2, 2017 Halo Labs announces ... particle analysis system called the HORIZON at MIBio 2017 in ... analyzes subvisible and visible particulate matter in biopharmaceutical samples with unprecedented ... use of the novel technique Backgrounded Membrane Imaging. ... The HORIZON subvisible particle analysis system ...
(Date:9/27/2017)...  Commended for their devotion to personalized service, SMP Pharmacy ... one in the South Florida Business Journal,s 50 Fastest-Growing Companies, ... list, the national specialty pharmacy has found its niche.  To ... soon be honored by SFBJ as the 2017 Power Leader ... to receive his award in October, Bardisa said of the ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: