A new focus for health care reform -- realigning competition around patient value

The health care policy debate is stuck in a place that undermines physicians and the nation's health. The real problem is not cost, but value, according to an article in the March 14 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on access to care. The only real solution to the national health care problem is to dramatically increase the value of the care delivered for all the money being spent. And that, the authors argue, is an effort that must be market based, medically sound and physician led.

Michael E. Porter, Ph.D., M.B.A., of Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass., and the Harvard Business School, presented the article today at a JAMA media briefing on access to care at the National Press Club.

Dr. Porter and Elizabeth Olmsted Teisberg, Ph.D., M.Engr., M.S., of the University of Virginia, Charlottesville, examined the status of health care today, and propose a strategy for reform.

The authors write that the health sector today has the wrong kind of competition. Each player in the system gains not by increasing value for the patient but by taking value away from someone else. This does not improve health outcomes per dollar spent-in fact, it often does the opposite. Health care competition does not have to be zero sum. The authors make the positive case for realigning competition around patient value, and they call on physicians to lead this change and return the practice of medicine to its appropriate focus: enabling health and effective care.

The authors' proposal highlights three principles that will put competition on the right track: 1) the goal is value for patients, (2) medical practice should be organized around medical conditions and integrated care cycles, and (3) results-risk-adjusted outcomes and costs for each medical condition-must be measured.

The Goal Is Value for Patients

"Improving value for patients is clearly the only valid goal for ethical reasons. It is also the only goal that aligns

Contact: Lyn Pohl
JAMA and Archives Journals

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