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ACS News Service Weekly PressPac -- April 4, 2007

Ph.D.
National Cancer Institute at Frederick
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ARTICLE #3 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

Key "Stardust" spacecraft discovery may have been contamination
Energy & Fuels

One of the biggest scientific surprises from last years "Stardust" space mission may have resulted from contamination from the spacecrafts rocket boosters, scientists in Spain are cautioning in a report scheduled for publication in the May 16 issue of ACS Energy & Fuels, a bi-monthly journal.

Stardust was the first U.S. mission to capture samples of a comet (Comet Wild 2) and return that material, believed to hold clues to the origin of the solar system, to Earth for scientific analysis. In the report, Jesus Martinez-Frias and colleagues point out that scientists were surprised to find that Stardust had collected tiny grains of the mineral osbornite, which chemically is titanium nitride. Osbornite forms only at ultra-hot temperatures of about 3,140 Fahrenheit. Scientists thus concluded that the osbornite could have formed near the sun, and ejected to the outer reaches of the solar system an indication that the infant solar system was a much more violent and tumultuous place then previous believed.

Martinez-Frias and colleagues stress the plausibility and significance of such hypothesis, but suggest another possible explanation for osbornite presence, which they say has not yet been considered. They point out that Stardusts rocket thrusters used a propellant of ultra-pure hydrazine, which chemists long have used for the so-called nitration reactions used to make titanium nitride on Earth. The propellant likewise could have reacted in space with titanium from the comet or spacecraft to form titanium nitride, the researchers state. They recommend that laboratory simula
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Contact: Michael Woods
m_woods@acs.org
202-872-4400
American Chemical Society
9-Apr-2007


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