HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Adherence to pneumonia treatment guidelines results in better outcomes, Pitt study shows

A carefully implemented system of pneumonia care can lead to better outcomes and fewer unnecessary hospitalizations, according to a University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine study published in this week's issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

An estimated 5 million pneumonia cases are diagnosed each year in U.S. physician offices and hospital emergency rooms, accounting for 86 million days of restricted activity for those affected and more than $9 billion in health care costs. Despite its prevalence, physicians frequently overestimate the probability of death in many pneumonia patients, leading to potentially unnecessary and costly hospitalizations.

"Pneumonia is common, costly and serious, but for patients at lower risk it often can be treated successfully at home, which is what many low-risk patients prefer at 1/20th the cost of hospitalization," said Michael Fine, M.D., professor of medicine at the University of Pittsburgh, author of the study and a noted expert in the treatment of pneumonia.

The year-long, multi-center randomized trial conducted by investigators from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and the Pittsburgh VA Healthcare System involved 32 hospital emergency departments in Connecticut and southwestern Pennsylvania and more than 3,200 patients, all of whom were diagnosed with pneumonia but who posed varying risks of adverse outcomes from the disease.

"A unique aspect to this study was the use of one of three different interventions at sites, each of varying intensity, allowing us not only to alter care, but also to determine the amount of effort needed to create change," noted lead author Donald M. Yealy, M.D., professor and vice chair of emergency medicine at the University of Pittsburgh. "Similar efforts in the past have employed a singular 'one size fits all' approach," he observed.

For the purposes of this study, participating emergency departments were randomly assigned as low-intensity,
'"/>


19-Dec-2005


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Adherence to treatment guidelines for patients with ACS associated with decreased in-hospital deaths
2. Childhood immunization against pneumonia cuts hospital admissions by almost 40 percent
3. Cell wall of pneumonia bacteria can cause brain and heart damage
4. Mortality rate is twice as high in patients with pneumonia caused by highly resistant bacteria
5. Risk of ventilator-associated pneumonia cut significantly
6. Program reduces hospitalizations and costs for nursing home residents with pneumonia
7. Vaccinated adults less likely to die from pneumonia
8. Preventing pneumonia in children helps prevent pneumonia in older adults
9. Effects of bacterial pneumonia no worse for HIV-positive patients
10. Statins protect from death from pneumonia
11. Home care patients suffering high rate of pneumonia, complications

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... ProVest Insurance Group, ... Dallas, Miami, and Raleigh regions, is organizing an extended charity drive to benefit ... deadly chromosome abnormality. , After struggling since birth with several health challenges, T.J. ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... The American Board of Family Medicine's (ABFM) ... and Chief Executive Officer, succeeding Dr. James C. Puffer upon his retirement. Dr. Newton ... until Dr. Puffer’s retirement at the end of 2018. Upon assuming the role of ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Lori R. Somekh, founder of the Law Office of ... elder law and special needs planning attorneys. “Membership in ElderCounsel helps our office remain ... to network with elder law attorneys nationwide,” said Somekh. , ElderCounsel ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... New York, NY (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... most influential people in business to advocate for action towards gender equality at their ... 18,000 views from around the globe, and reached a social audience of over 3 ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Coveros, a leader in ... awarded a contract by the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). The ... enterprise use of Agile methodologies in a consistent and high value manner across ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/12/2017)... , Oct. 12, 2017 AVACEN Medical ... the company with their  2017 New Product Innovation Award ... on extensive primary and secondary medical device market research by ... through its first-to-market OTC, drug-free pain relief product, the AVACEN ... approach to treating fibromyalgia widespread pain. ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... , Oct. 11, 2017  True Health, a ... amplified its effort during National Breast Cancer Awareness ... cancer risks. ... Oncology calculated that more than 10 million American ... mutations in BRCA1 or BRCA2 and have not had ...
(Date:10/5/2017)... Oct. 5, 2017  In response to the ... and Maxillofacial Surgeons (AAOMS) released prescribing recommendations that ... be used as a first-line therapy to manage ... Recognizing the value and ... Paper "Opioid Prescribing: Acute and Postoperative Pain Management" ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: