Adolescent smokers have a greater risk of developing alcohol-use disorders than nonsmokers

U.S. National Surveys on Drug Use and Health. Randomly selected, household-dwelling adolescents and young adults (n=74,836) were selected from the non-institutionalized and civilian American population and queried about their drinking and smoking practices.

Results indicate that smokers particularly adolescent smokers have a greater vulnerability to AUDs than do non-smokers.

"In general, smokers were at more than a 50 percent higher risk, although the differences were larger in younger adolescents and among light drinkers," said Grucza. "For example, among 15- to 17-year-olds who drank fewer than eight drinks in the month before the survey, more than 20 percent reported an AUD, compared with about five percent among the non-smoking group with the same level of drinking. We conclude that, although smokers do drink higher rates of alcohol, this alone does not explain their higher vulnerability to AUDs."

Grucza said that these findings go beyond the popular view that bad behaviors like smoking and drinking to excess simply tend to "go together," especially during adolescence. "It seems that smoking makes the adolescent brain more vulnerable to other addictions," he said. "Addictive drugs all act on a part of the brain that is described as the 'central reward circuitry.'" Once this system is exposed to one drug, the brain may become more sensitive to the effects of other drugs, as demonstrated by a number of rodent studies.

"Studies like this will set up an alert for those who consider adolescent smoking tolerable to rethink the issue, or perceive the problem differently," noted Chen. "Although we do not know the exact causal relation between the two, the damage to our health is so severe that we need to create a more objective image to reject both smoking and drinking among adolescents."

"Ours is the first study to establish a correlation between adolescent smoking and AUDs that cannot be explained


Page: 1 2 3

Related medicine news :

1. Adolescents with high-risk sexual attitudes attract peers with similar attitudes
2. Adolescent girls more active if neighborhoods have parks
3. Adolescent brains are insensitive to alcohol for a short time, but at great cost
4. Adolescent condom use with casual versus main partners
5. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine theme issue on children and the media
6. Adolescents who watch smoking in movies are more likely to try smoking
7. Adolescents feel less biological pressure to head to bed early
8. Adolescents HIV risk reduced with community intervention
9. Adolescent binge drinking issues
10. Adolescents not receiving health counseling, Stanford study shows
11. Adolescent health ill-catered for in the NHS

Post Your Comments:

(Date:11/25/2015)... ALTO, Calif. (PRWEB) , ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... Smart and Beddit Classic sleep tracking systems. The new app features a more intuitive ... see and understand how well you slept. The SleepScore is created by a proprietary ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... LOUIS, Missouri (PRWEB) , ... November 25, 2015 ... ... Project HEAL, will provide scholarships for people struggling with eating disorders as a ... Proceeds from the second annual event, held at Fox Run Golf Club in ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Many people know of the common ... cold hands, and dry skin. But many people who find their cholesterol levels and ... instead of their thyroid, especially if they don’t have any of the other symptoms. ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... Their Care Plan software creates an agreement between the practice owner and ... including financial, scheduling, monitoring, notification, and projections. Click here to ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... Texas (PRWEB) , ... November 24, 2015 , ... Charitable ... all charitable donations are made in the last five weeks of the year totalling ... was created in 2012 to connect the nation’s charities with those individuals who want ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/25/2015)... SAN DIEGO , Nov. 25, 2015  Trovagene, ... molecular diagnostics, today announced that Chief Executive Officer Antonius ... at the 27 th Annual Piper Jaffray Healthcare ... Conference at the New York Palace Hotel in ... 2015 at 1:30 p.m. EST. Mr. Schuh will be ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... Endo International plc (NASDAQ: ENDP ) (TSX: ... and CEO, will discuss corporate updates at the 27 th ... York on Wednesday, December 2, 2015 at 1 ... Relations, and then the link to the event. Participants should ... to visit the site and download any streaming media software ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... Israel , November 25, 2015 ... "New Investors"), pursuant to which BioLight and the New ... IOPtima Ltd. subsidiary ("IOPtima") via a private placement. The ... of its innovative IOPtimate™ system used in the treatment ... approval pathway process for the IOPtimate™ system with the ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: