HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Antibiotic treatment not necessary for majority of children with conjunctivitis

Most children with infective conjunctivitis (pinkeye) do not need treatment with an antibiotic, suggests a study published online today (Wednesday June 22, 2005) by THE LANCET.

One in eight school children have an episode of conjunctivitis every year. This amounts to more than 1 million episodes in the UK and more than 5 million in the USA. Diagnosis of the condition is usually straightforward but doctors find difficulty in differentiating a viral cause from a bacterial cause. Standard practice is to prescribe antibiotic eye drops, although evidence to support this decision is scarce. Antibiotic resistance is also a growing global problem, state the authors.

Peter Rose (University of Oxford, UK) and colleagues did a randomised trial to investigate the effectiveness of an antibiotic treatment when compared with a placebo. Over 300 children were recruited onto the study from 12 medical practices in Oxfordshire UK, from 2001 to 2004. Half were assigned to chloramphenicol eye drops--the most commonly used antibiotic for conjunctivitis in the UK--and half to placebo eye drops. The investigators found no significant difference in the cure rate after 7 days. 86% of the children were clinically cured in the antibiotic group compared with 83% in the placebo group. Even in children who had a bacterial infection, the clinical cure rate did not differ significantly between the antibiotic (85%) and the placebo groups (80%). The researchers suggest parents should be encouraged to treat children themselves without medical consultation, unless their child develops unusual symptoms or the symptoms persist for more than a week.

Dr Rose states: "We have shown that symptoms resolve without antibiotics in most children with acute infective conjunctivitis The health economic argument against antibiotic prescription for acute conjunctivitis is compelling. The cost of 1 million general practice consultations and antibiotic prescriptions every year is substantial.
'"/>

Contact: Joe Santangelo
j.santangelo@elsevier.com
1-212-633-3810
Lancet
21-Jun-2005


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Antibiotic ear drops favored over popular oral antibiotics for ear infections
2. Antibiotic proves successful in tackling symptoms of acute asthma
3. Antibiotic not sufficient for serious eye infection in communities with high disease prevalence
4. Antibiotic eardrops better than pills at treating middle ear infections
5. Antibiotics do not prevent recurrent myocardial infarcts in subjects with periodontitis
6. Antibiotics appear to have little benefit for uncomplicated lower respiratory tract infections
7. Antibiotic treatment successful against elephantiasis
8. Antibiotic might fight HIV-induced neurological problems
9. Spot on treatment for acne
10. New treatment boosts muscle function in myasthenia gravis
11. New treatment effective in counteracting cocaine-induced symptoms

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:8/31/2020)... ... , ... Just found out your dear friend has cancer? , It’s hard to hear your ... shares their diagnosis. Once the shock wears off, the questions and fears can be overwhelming. ... best ways to help? Words are failing me. I’m scared. I want to DO something. ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... ... August 31, 2020 , ... Colorado State University Global (CSU ... affordable online education – is proud to announce its new master’s degree in ... its kind in the nation, the 60-credit hour program is designed to provide ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... ... August 31, 2020 , ... In an effort to give back to ... 10 percent of each hotel room booked with a special new rate code to ... Indiana (RMHC-CNI) , effective immediately. Donations will be applied to any room type, ...
(Date:8/28/2020)... ... 28, 2020 , ... Ernst & Young LLP (EY US) ... Of The Year® 2020 Florida Award finalist. Now in its 34th year, the ... growth and prosperity as they build and sustain successful businesses that transform our ...
(Date:8/28/2020)... (PRWEB) , ... August 28, 2020 , ... Integrated ... Miami is the first Florida school to deploy its breakthrough Mobile Biodefense Indoor Air ... airborne COVID-19. True North Classical Academy plans to fully reopen equipped with the filtration ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/1/2020)... ... September 01, 2020 , ... While coronavirus cases continue to increase across ... and community organizations remain closed. Because about 80% of blood donations are made at ... blood donors and blood drive hosts to ensure blood products are readily available for ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... (PRWEB) , ... August 31, 2020 , ... If you live in New York City ... real estate part makes sense, it’s the law of supply and demand, but are plastic ... has a significant percentage of their patients that make the four-hour trip to have ...
(Date:8/28/2020)... (PRWEB) , ... August 28, 2020 , ... Dr. ... reproductive and endoscopic surgeon and serves as a clinical professor in the Department of ... of the American Laparoscopy Society & Pacific Coast Reproductive Society and is a Clinical ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: