HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Black-white life expectancy gap narrows, but remains substantial

Reductions in the death rate from homicide, HIV disease, unintentional injuries - and among women, heart disease - have contributed to narrowing the life expectancy gap between blacks and whites in the United States, although substantial inequalities and challenges remain, according to a study in the March 21 issue of JAMA.

Life expectancy at birth has generally been increasing in the United States since at least the late 19th century. For as long as data have been reported by race/ethnicity, life expectancy of blacks has been lower than that of whites, according to background information in the article. Since the early 1980s, the black-white life expectancy gap increased sharply, then subsequently declined. But the causes of these changes have not been investigated.

Sam Harper, Ph.D., of McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, and colleagues conducted a study to determine the contribution of specific age groups and causes of death to changes in the black-white life expectancy gap from 1983 to 2003. They analyzed data from the U.S. National Vital Statistics System, maintained by the National Center for Health Statistics, which collects information on all deaths occurring in the United States each year.

The authors report that after widening during the late 1980s, the black-white life expectance gap has declined because of relative mortality improvements in homicide, HIV disease, unintentional injuries - and among women, heart disease.

"For females, heart disease made by far the largest contribution to the overall life expectance gap, accounting for 1.4 years (28 percent) of the gap in 1983, 1.6 years (28 percent) in 1993, and 1.3 years (30 percent) in 2003," the authors write. "Other important causes of the 4.5-year gap in 2003 include diabetes (0.5 years), stroke (0.4 years), and perinatal death (0.4 years)."

"Among males, the largest contribution to the gap was homicide in 1983 (1.1 years) and 1993 (1.6 years)
'"/>

Contact: Lisa Van Dusen
514-398-6752
JAMA and Archives Journals
16-Mar-2007


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Researchers discover link between expectancy, visual cues and the desire to smoke
2. Physical activity improves life expectancy and cardiovascular health
3. Drinking farm milk reduces childhood asthma and allergies but raw consumption remains unsafe
4. HIV/AIDS treatment remains successful 10 years on but rise in TB cause for concern
5. Warfarin remains gold-standard for preventing stroke in patients with heart abnormality
6. Advanced prostate cancer remains sensitive to treatment even after holidays from chemotherapy
7. Successful treatment for acute heart failure remains elusive
8. Number of students in US medical schools remains constant over 10 years
9. Despite conflicting studies on obesity, most Americans think the problem remains serious
10. Papillomavirus vaccine could substantially reduce cervical cancer incidence
11. Small but substantial proportion of surgeons interested in part-time training

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:2/24/2017)... ... February 24, 2017 , ... With ProGlass Prism users now have ... Users have total control over position, rotation, distortion, edge softness, edge blur, chromatic aberration, ... Pro X. , With ProGlass Prism users are given the tools and effects ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Yisrayl Hawkins, Pastor and Overseer at The House of Yahweh, ... Yisrayl makes an astounding statement when he says that the entire Bible was ... details the current times so plainly that anyone should be able to see the ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... 24, 2017 , ... Indiana Fiber Network (IFN) President and CEO Kelly C. ... Dyer started as the Chairman of the Management Committee when IFN was originally formed ... the recruitment of investor/owners and development of the business plan. He became the ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... February 24, 2017 , ... ... marketing services, which specializes in thought leadership , media relations, social media, ... and services that will be powered through Act-On, an intuitive marketing automation platform. ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... MI (PRWEB) , ... February 24, 2017 , ... ... in Charlevoix, once again hosted their Military Wedding Giveaway, with the winning ... hosted by Castle Farms with services generously donated from local vendors: A Matter ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/24/2017)... ITL Limited, ( ASX: ITD ), ... für das zum 31. Dezember 2016 endende Halbjahr ... vorlegen zu können. Eine vollständige Präsentation „Ergebnisse von ... Sie hier . Glanzpunkte ... 2015: 1,04 Millionen USD; +104 %) Gewinn je ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... 2017  Directors from Pharma To Market Pty Ltd and Ador ... resulting in the founding of Pharma To Market Pte Ltd, based ... are pleased to announce their expansion into Asia ... . The company are delighted to appoint Joelle Chia ... Singapore based entity. Joelle brings with her an ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... 2017 Non-alcoholic steatohepataitis (NASH) Pipeline ... drugs being developed for the treatment of ... that are in various phases of development ... on novel pharmacologic drugs & regenerative medicines ... recombinant proteins and RNA-based therapeutics, but excludes ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: