HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Cervical cancer screening programs for low-resource areas appear effective and safe

Two "screen and treat" cervical cancer prevention programs developed for high-risk women in low-resource settings resulted in a lower prevalence of precancerous cervical lesions and cervical cancer, according to a study in the November 2 issue of JAMA.

Each year 471,000 cases and 233,000 deaths occur from cervical cancer worldwide, of which 80 percent occur in less-developed countries that have access to less than 5 percent of global cancer treatment resources, according to background information in the article. The lifetime risk of a woman developing cervical cancer in a low-resource setting is approximately 2 percent to 4 percent. Cytology (cell) -based screening programs have markedly reduced the incidence of cervical cancer in developed countries that have the infrastructure to support these programs. However, these screening programs have been difficult to implement in low-resource settings.

Recently, a novel approach to cervical cancer prevention has been proposed that avoids the complex health infrastructure required by traditional approaches. This approach incorporates noncytology-based screening methods such as human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA testing or visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA; a weak acidic solution) followed by treatment of lesions using cryotherapy (medical treatment that involves application of nitrous oxide to lesions and a device using very low temperatures) of all eligible women with positive test results. Cryotherapy is a relatively low-technology treatment method. These approaches have advantages for low-resource settings because they are not cytology-based screening programs and do not require colposcopy (specialized equipment for examination of the vagina and the cervix), which overcome two of the greatest barriers to cervical cancer prevention. However, the efficacy of these screen-and-treat approaches has not been established, and there has been only limited safety data.

Lynette Denny, M.D., Ph
'"/>

Contact: Elizabeth Streich
212-305-6535
JAMA and Archives Journals
1-Nov-2005


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related medicine news :

1. Cervical cancer screening failure linked to poverty
2. Cervical cancer has profound psychosocial impact on affected women, as well as male partners
3. Cervical cancer vaccine proves effective: Test results
4. Conventional prognostic factors fail to explain better prostate cancer survival in most Asian men
5. Survival differences by race most apparent in advanced stages of breast cancer
6. Stomach cancer rate set to fall further 25 percent over next decade
7. MRI finds breast cancer before it becomes dangerous
8. Investigators uncover intriguing clues to why persistent acid reflux sometimes turns into cancer
9. New cause of tamoxifen resistance in breast cancer cells discovered at Lombardi
10. Pathway links inflammation, angiogenesis and breast cancer
11. Using MRI for diagnosis could help prevent breast cancer progression

Post Your Comments:
(Date:9/2/2015)... ... , ... Every year at this time, students prepare to go back to ... face the academic workload confronting them. They just don’t have the skills needed to ... teach students how to study. , “Bankers bank. Salesmen sell. Teachers teach. The job ...
(Date:9/2/2015)... ... September 02, 2015 , ... ... announces Hand Free Pocket Cop, a safety invention that protects people from crime ... worth $31 billion," says Scott Cooper, CEO and Creative Director of World Patent ...
(Date:9/2/2015)... ... , ... Ovarian cancer continues to be the deadliest of all gynecologic cancers. ... her lifetime is approximately 1 in 75. This year it is estimated that approximately ... , There is no test to detect ovarian cancer. A Pap test does ...
(Date:9/2/2015)... , ... September 02, 2015 , ... ... the pioneer in marine cosmetics introduces PIONNIÈRE XMF Perfection Youth Rich Cream ... cream combines breakthrough biotechnological anti-aging power with a lipid-replenishing marine oil for intense ...
(Date:9/2/2015)... ... September 02, 2015 , ... Canopy Partners, a North Carolina ... Inc. 5000 List, an independent ranking of the fastest- growing private companies ... this achievement puts Canopy in rarefied company. Over the years, this elite group ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:5 Essential Study Tips Every Student Needs for Academic Success but Schools Do Not Teach 2Health News:5 Essential Study Tips Every Student Needs for Academic Success but Schools Do Not Teach 3Health News:What Should You Be Watching As You Walk Alone At Night - World Patent Marketing's Hand Free Pocket Cop Invention 2Health News:What Should You Be Watching As You Walk Alone At Night - World Patent Marketing's Hand Free Pocket Cop Invention 3Health News:What Should You Be Watching As You Walk Alone At Night - World Patent Marketing's Hand Free Pocket Cop Invention 4Health News:What Should You Be Watching As You Walk Alone At Night - World Patent Marketing's Hand Free Pocket Cop Invention 5Health News:What Should You Be Watching As You Walk Alone At Night - World Patent Marketing's Hand Free Pocket Cop Invention 6Health News:What Should You Be Watching As You Walk Alone At Night - World Patent Marketing's Hand Free Pocket Cop Invention 7Health News:National Ovarian Cancer Coalition's DFW Chapter Features First Annual Teal Lights Display This Friday, September 4th, "National Wear Teal Day" 2Health News:National Ovarian Cancer Coalition's DFW Chapter Features First Annual Teal Lights Display This Friday, September 4th, "National Wear Teal Day" 3Health News:Phytomer announces PIONNIÈRE XMF Perfection Youth Rich Cream 2Health News:Phytomer announces PIONNIÈRE XMF Perfection Youth Rich Cream 3Health News:Phytomer announces PIONNIÈRE XMF Perfection Youth Rich Cream 4Health News:Canopy Partners Named to 2015 Inc. 5000 Fastest Growing Companies List 2
(Date:9/2/2015)... -- Valeant Pharmaceuticals International, Inc. (NYSE: VRX and ... into a definitive agreement under which Valeant will acquire ... SURG ) for $6.50 per share in cash. In ... receive additional cash payments of up to $1.00 per ... closing.  The transaction is expected to close in the ...
(Date:9/2/2015)... 2015 Tumultuous market conditions – including changes ... M&A activity – have led more than half of ... sales reps. This marks the first time that the ... halfway point, according to the spring 2015 AccessMonitor™ ... ZS . AccessMonitor™ aggregates sales-call ...
(Date:9/2/2015)... JUNCTION, N.J. , Sept. 2, 2015 ... immunotherapy leader commercializing its CytoSorb ® blood purification ... around the world, announced that CEO Dr. Phillip ... & Renshaw Annual Global Investment Conference (sponsored by ... 8-10 th in New York City.  ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:Valeant Pharmaceuticals To Acquire Synergetics USA 2Valeant Pharmaceuticals To Acquire Synergetics USA 3Valeant Pharmaceuticals To Acquire Synergetics USA 4Valeant Pharmaceuticals To Acquire Synergetics USA 5Crossing the threshold: More than half of physicians restrict access to sales reps 2Crossing the threshold: More than half of physicians restrict access to sales reps 3Crossing the threshold: More than half of physicians restrict access to sales reps 4Crossing the threshold: More than half of physicians restrict access to sales reps 5CytoSorbents to Present at the 2015 Rodman & Renshaw Annual Global Investment Conference 2CytoSorbents to Present at the 2015 Rodman & Renshaw Annual Global Investment Conference 3CytoSorbents to Present at the 2015 Rodman & Renshaw Annual Global Investment Conference 4
Cached News: