Cognitive therapy effective in preventing repeat suicide attempts

Adults who had attempted suicide reduced their risk of a repeat attempt by participating in a cognitive therapy program, compared to adults who received the usual care, according to a study in the August 3 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on violence and human rights.

In 2002, suicide was the fourth leading cause of death for adults between the ages of 18 and 65 years with approximately 25,000 suicides for this age group in the United States, according to background information in the article. Attempted suicide is one of the strongest risk factors for completed suicide in adults. Previous studies have indicated that individuals who attempted suicide were about 40 times more likely to commit suicide than those who had not attempted suicide. Evidence for treatments that effectively prevent repetition of suicide attempts has been limited.

Gregory K. Brown, Ph.D., of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, and colleagues conducted a randomized controlled trial to determine whether a brief psychosocial intervention could reduce the rate of repeat suicide attempts over an 18-month interval. The study included 120 adults who attempted suicide and were evaluated at a hospital emergency department within 48 hours of the attempt. Sixty participants were randomized to receive 10 sessions of cognitive therapy and 60 to receive enhanced usual care with tracking and referral services.

The central feature of cognitive therapy was the identification of thoughts, images, and core beliefs that were activated prior to the suicide attempt. Strategies were applied to address the identified thoughts and beliefs and participants were helped to develop adaptive ways of coping with stressors. Usual care included outpatient therapy and medication.

From baseline to the 18-month assessment, 13 participants (24.1 percent) in the cognitive therapy group and 23 participants (41.6 percent) in the usual care group made at least one subsequent suicide attempt.

Contact: Susan Winston
JAMA and Archives Journals

Page: 1 2 3

Related medicine news :

1. Cognitive therapy can reduce post-traumatic stress in survivors of terrorist attacks
2. High BMI Tied to Poor Cognitive Function in Middle-Aged Adults
3. Cognitive behavioral therapy appears more effective than sleep medication for treating insomnia
4. Cognitive impairment appears to be common in ALS patients
5. Cognitive therapy reduces repeat suicide attempts by 50 percent
6. Cognitive function and compliance with Seroquel examined in separate studies in schizophrenia
7. Cognitive therapy works as well as antidepressants, but with lasting effect after therapy ends
8. Chemotherapy with bevacizumab increases risk of blood clots in arteries
9. Nonsmall cell lung cancer -- chemotherapy before surgery appears better than surgery alone
10. Stroke in nonvascular atrial fibrillation -- anti-coagulants better than anti-platelet therapy
11. Hormone therapy offers new hope for ovarian cancer patients

Post Your Comments:

(Date:10/13/2015)... ... October 13, 2015 , ... According to an article ... has shown that women who successfully lose weight with a bariatric procedure are much ... each year. The article notes that anywhere from 40 to 50 percent of all ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... ... , ... Symposium Chairman, Dr. Rod J. Rohrich is pleased to announce that ... March 2nd and 3rd, 2016. The annual meeting, along with the Dallas Rhinoplasty ... around the world. , Key topics at this year's event will include discussions on ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... ... October 13, 2015 , ... Relay (relaynetwork.com), ... application, announced today a significant contract that will provide its award-winning private messaging ... build on the growing success of its Relay program, IBX Wire™, which now ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... ... October 13, 2015 , ... NavaFit Inc. today announced the launch of its ... with, participate in local fitness & sporting events, and stay motivated. Users ... medical costs drive us to get more serious about fitness and wellness, individuals are ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... ... 13, 2015 , ... Protein is essential to good health. You need it ... But how much protein does the average man need in order to stay healthy? ... October 2015 issue of Harvard Men's Health Watch . Most Americans get about ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/13/2015)... , Oct. 13, 2015  XiMo AG ( ... Aspira Scientific, Inc. ( Milpitas, California ) ... for metathesis chemistry. The importance of metathesis chemistry was ... the pioneers of this application. This industrially-relevant application has ... such as pharmaceuticals, specialty chemicals, and polymers. ...
(Date:10/12/2015)... LONDON , Oct. 12, 2015 ... performance, the setbacks and the needs of the medical ... strategies of membrane devices within the different medical membrane ... filters, blood microfilters/apheresis systems and membrane diagnostic devices. - ... alerts in this market. --> Use this ...
(Date:10/12/2015)... 12, 2015 Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc. (NYSE ... sales and earnings conference call will be broadcast live ... 8 a.m. Eastern Time.  A news release detailing the ... Eastern Time the morning of the conference call. ... following the conference call. --> http://investor.zimmerbiomet.com .  ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: