HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Cognitive therapy reduces repeat suicide attempts by 50 percent

Recent suicide attempters treated with cognitive therapy were 50 percent less likely to try to kill themselves again within 18 months than those who did not receive the therapy, report researchers supported by the National Institutes of Health's (NIH) National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) and the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). A targeted form of cognitive therapy designed to prevent suicide proved better at lifting depression and feelings of hopelessness than the usual care available in the community, according to Gregory Brown, Ph.D., Aaron Beck, M.D., University of Pennsylvania, and colleagues, who published their findings in the August 3, 2005 Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

"Since even one previous attempt multiplies suicide risk by 38-40 times and suicide is the fourth leading cause of death for adults under 65, a proven way to prevent repeat attempts has important public health implications," said NIMH Director Thomas Insel, M.D.

To achieve a large enough sample to reliably detect differences in the effectiveness of interventions, the researchers first screened hundreds of potential suicide attempters admitted to the emergency room of the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, ultimately recruiting 120 patients into the study.

Averaging in their mid-thirties, 61 percent of the participants were female, 60 percent black, 35 percent white, and 5 percent Hispanic and other ethnicities. Most had attempted to kill themselves by drug overdosing (58 percent), with 17 percent by stabbing, 7 percent by jumping and 4 percent by hanging, shooting or drowning. Seventy-seven percent had major depression and 68 percent a substance use disorder.

After a clinical evaluation, each participant was randomly assigned to one of two conditions: cognitive therapy or usual care services available in the community. Cognitive therapy was developed by Beck in the 1970s and has be
'"/>

Contact: Jules Asher
NIMHpress@nih.gov
301-443-4536
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health
2-Aug-2005


Page: 1 2 3

Related medicine news :

1. Cognitive therapy can reduce post-traumatic stress in survivors of terrorist attacks
2. High BMI Tied to Poor Cognitive Function in Middle-Aged Adults
3. Cognitive behavioral therapy appears more effective than sleep medication for treating insomnia
4. Cognitive impairment appears to be common in ALS patients
5. Cognitive therapy effective in preventing repeat suicide attempts
6. Cognitive function and compliance with Seroquel examined in separate studies in schizophrenia
7. Cognitive therapy works as well as antidepressants, but with lasting effect after therapy ends
8. Chemotherapy with bevacizumab increases risk of blood clots in arteries
9. Nonsmall cell lung cancer -- chemotherapy before surgery appears better than surgery alone
10. Stroke in nonvascular atrial fibrillation -- anti-coagulants better than anti-platelet therapy
11. Hormone therapy offers new hope for ovarian cancer patients

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:10/13/2017)... , ... October 13, 2017 ... ... of Pharmacy (SOP) alumni Hannah Randall, PharmD ‘17, and Jennifer Huggins, PharmD ... on guideline updates for the primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases during the ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Ellevate Network, the leading network for professional women, brought together ... equality at their inaugural Summit in New York City in June. The event was ... of over 3 million. To watch the Mobilize Women video, click here . ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... , ... October 13, 2017 , ... “The Journey: From ... every danger possible to save lost souls in the Philippines. “The Journey: From the ... is a dedicated teacher of the Bible. She has taught all ages and currently ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... The company ... of today’s consumer and regulatory authorities worldwide. From Children’s to Adults 50+, every ... meet the highest standard. , These products are also: Gluten Free, Non-GMO, ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... has recently contributed a medical article to the newly revamped Cosmetic Town ... article spotlights the hair transplant procedure known as Follicular Unit Extraction ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/11/2017)... Oct. 11, 2017  BioPharmX Corporation (NYSE MKT: BPMX) ... developed an innovative way to use nonlinear optical imaging ... of new drugs. ... Conference will show how researchers from BioPharmX and the ... School used a suite of imaging techniques in what ...
(Date:10/11/2017)...  Hill-Rom Holdings, Inc. ("Hill-Rom") (NYSE: HRC), today provided ... Piedras, Puerto Rico , where the ... Following a comprehensive onsite ... structural damage, temporary loss of power and minimal water ... manufacturing operations have resumed, and the company expects to ...
(Date:10/7/2017)... IRVING, Texas , Oct. 6, 2017   ... industry with more than $100 billion in purchasing power, ... industry news and information. The Newsroom is ... chain and industry trends, infographics, expert bios, news releases, ... Besides having access to a wealth of resources at ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: