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Debate focuses on door-to-balloon time in heart attack treatment

(May 11, 2007ORLANDO, FL) -- In the treatment of heart attack, the 90-minute goal for inflation of an angioplasty balloon in a blocked coronary artery to restore normal blood flow is so revered its been codified in clinical guidelines, accreditation standards, and pay-for-performance programs. But is the 90-minute deadline really critical" Two experts will debate that question at the 30th Annual Scientific Sessions of the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions (SCAI), May 912, 2007, in Orlando, FL.

Allowing no more than 90 minutes to elapse between patient arrival in the emergency room and inflation of the angioplasty balloonthe so-called door-to-balloon timeis clearly beneficial, said Eric R. Bates, M.D., a professor of internal medicine at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. Many studies have shown that the size of a heart attack and the risk of death are directly related to the amount of time the heart is ischemic, or starved for blood and oxygen. Opening the blocked artery within 90 minutes has repeatedly been associated with better outcomes.

"For years weve known that time is muscle," Dr. Bates said. "The sooner you unblock the coronary artery, the more heart muscle you can salvage."

Timothy D. Henry, M.D., FSCAI, has no quarrel with keeping a close eye on the clock when treating heart attack patients, but said a hard-and-fast deadline may be counterproductive in some cases. "Time is important, and we need to treat patients as quickly as we can," said Dr. Henry, the director of research and an interventional cardiologist at the Minneapolis Heart Institute at Abbott Northwestern Hospital in Minneapolis. "But there is clear evidence that 90 minutes is arbitrary."

Some studies have shown that opening the blocked artery within 120 minutes is associated with good clinical outcomes, for example. In addition, door-to-balloon time is a flawed metric, Dr. Henry said. A more clinically relevant indicator
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Contact: Kathy Boyd David
kbdavid@scai.org
717-422-1181
Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions
11-May-2007


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