HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Diagnostic tests for malaria underused in Zambia

Despite improvements in the ability to diagnose malaria, these diagnostic tests are often underused in Zambia, and patients with negative test results are often prescribed anti-malaria medications, according to a study in the May 23/30 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on malaria.

The recent introduction of the effective but expensive artemisinin-based (a type of medication) combination therapy for malaria throughout Africa has led to renewed interest in improving the accuracy of diagnosis. The use of rapid antigen-detection diagnostic tests (RDTs) has been proposed as an approach for reducing overtreatment of malaria. The most widely used method to confirm a diagnosis of malaria is microscopy, according to background information in the article.

Davidson H. Hamer, M.D., of the Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, and colleagues from the Zambian Ministry of Health, the Kenyan Medical Research Institute and University of Oxford, assessed the association between use of microscopy and RDT and the prescription of antimalarials in Zambia. The researchers conducted a survey, carried out between March and May 2006, of 104 government and mission health facilities in four districts in Zambia. At each facility, data were collected during one working day on ill outpatients treated at the facility.

An equipment survey in the four districts revealed that 17 percent of the 104 health facilities had functional microscopy; 63 percent had RDTs. Overall, 73 percent of health facilities had at least 1 type of malaria diagnostics available.

Of the 1,717 patients (of all ages) with fever (suspected malaria), 27.8 percent treated in health facilities with malaria diagnostics were tested and 44.6 percent had positive test results. Of patients with negative blood smear results, 58.4 percent were prescribed an antimalarials, as were 35.5 percent of those with a negative RDT result. Most patients with fever (72.6 percent) did not have any
'"/>

Contact: Lisa Brown
617-414-1401
JAMA and Archives Journals
22-May-2007


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. UW licenses innovated cardiovascular software to VPDiagnostics
2. Diagnostic images show go-carts cause serious injuries to children
3. Proteome Systems signs agreement with Prince Henrys Institute for Ovarian Cancer Diagnostic Test
4. Diagnostic imaging in line with other hospital costs
5. Holograms make for better vision tests
6. Study tests oral insulin to prevent type 1 diabetes
7. UW study tests topical honey as a treatment for diabetic ulcers
8. Experimental flu vaccine appears promising in early tests
9. Light-based probe sees early cancers in first tests on human tissue
10. Study tests oral insulin to prevent type 1 diabetes
11. Rapid flu tests may reduce threat of antibiotic resistance

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:1/8/2020)... , ... January 08, 2020 , ... Quality Health ... providing a holistic care approach and to maintain a comfortable and preferred lifestyle with ... has a passion for holistic care and has been a leader in the healthcare ...
(Date:1/7/2020)... ... January 07, 2020 , ... Destressing the patient payment ... RPA and AI automation are among the topics to be examined at the HFMA ... Vegas. Nick Fricano, chief executive officer for Healthfuse, a leader in supporting hospitals to ...
(Date:1/7/2020)... ... January 07, 2020 , ... Iconic singer, choreographer and ... being one of the most successful female artists of all time, but also for ... Las Vegas residency and shared in interviews her secrets to making it through 10 ...
(Date:1/7/2020)... (PRWEB) , ... January 07, 2020 , ... ... Aesthetics Training Course , which includes comprehensive presentations and procedures for hair restoration, ... with a completion certificate available. , Regenerative aesthetics has become incredibly popular over ...
(Date:1/5/2020)... (PRWEB) , ... January 04, 2020 , ... Urban Air, ... right to FUN! The company known for endless hours of trampolining, rock climbing, ... Park at 5830 Ballenger Creek, Frederick, MD. , “We know families are looking ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/5/2020)... ... January 04, 2020 , ... ... makers and software firms are fighting for leadership in both devices and voice ... research report, during the past few years, multiple health-related voice assistants have ...
(Date:1/3/2020)... ... ... Stay on top of current hot topics through free webinars presented by leading ... free, so be sure to register today to save your place. Participate in the ... our upcoming webinars: , CLINICAL OPERATIONS , January 23 – The Benefits of a ...
(Date:1/2/2020)... HILLS, Mich. (PRWEB) , ... January 01, 2020 , ... ... to avoid social media pitfalls and a call for community support to embrace acceptance ... demographics within the U.S. educational system. Discover Ethan’s Healthy Mind Express train, a new ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: