HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Effects of preterm birth and early environmental risks continue into adolescence

In one of the first studies to use brain imaging with adolescents born prematurely, New Jersey researchers report that the effects of premature birth and environmental risks on the brain during the first three years of childhood continue through adolescence. Their findings are published in the March/April issue of the journal Child Development.

Numerous studies of children born prematurely find deficits in cognitive ability and school achievement through young adulthood. The studies also find that the greater the medical complications at birth, the greater the cognitive and motor deficits, the lower the school achievement and the higher the behavioral problems at school age. These studies also find, however, that the early childhood social environment plays a prominent role in subsequent development, with greater environmental risk such as life stresses and little social support related to lower cognitive abilities and delayed social development.

For the current study, researchers from the Robert Wood Johnson Medical School at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to create images of the brains of 10 teenagers as the teens performed attention tasks.

The goal was to learn if adolescents with many medical risks at birth and different amounts of environmental risk used the same or different parts of the brain when performing such tasks. Based on earlier studies, the researchers theorized that areas of the brain involved in motor function, such as the parietal lobe, would be particularly sensitive to the effects of medical complications; while areas of the brain related to language, such as the temporal lobe, would be particularly sensitive to environmental risk.

As expected, the researchers found that individual differences in medical and environmental risks were related to patterns of brain activation. Medical risk was related to activation levels of the left parietal cor
'"/>

Contact: Andrea Browning
abrowning@srcd.org
202-336-5926
Society for Research in Child Development
22-Mar-2006


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Effects of new sleep medication appear unlikely to have potential for abuse or cognitive impairment
2. Effects of bacterial pneumonia no worse for HIV-positive patients
3. Drug therapy can reduce preterm births and decrease lifetime medical costs
4. 3-D ultrasound identifies women at risk for impending preterm birth
5. March of Dimes: Drug to prevent preterm birth needs prompt FDA approval
6. Research offers new hope for preterm babies
7. Repeat corticosteroids for pregnant women at risk of preterm delivery could be beneficial
8. Concern over rising preterm births
9. Periodontal therapy may reduce the incidence of preterm births and low birthweight infants
10. Maternal obesity prior to pregnancy associated with birth defects
11. Studies show antidepressants not linked to birth defects

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:5/28/2016)... ... ... In a part of the city where’s it’s easy to spot the neon lights of ... hoping to attract diners with a taste for real food. , On May 13, ... Cornerstone Grill, an urban casual restaurant focusing on dishes made by hand with wholesome, organic ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... W.S. Badger Co. Inc ., ... it has been recognized as one of the best small businesses for new dads ... one of nine small businesses providing progressive benefits to new parents on the organization’s ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... 27, 2016 , ... An educational campaign aimed at everyone ... courtesy of awareness-driven celebrities and thought leaders. It also provides insight to the ... leaders such as Bioness. , As patients feel increasingly concerned about the ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... Aimed at nurses and ... stories, which come courtesy of leaders in the nursing and health care industry. It ... advocates and associations—namely Abilene Christian University. , As the nursing industry is coming ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... There are many ways ... and Sausage Council (NHDSC) suggests that Americans prefer their dogs straight off the grill. ... say grilling is their favorite way to cook a hot dog, far outpacing other ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/26/2016)... NASHVILLE, Tenn. , May 26, 2016 ... provider of software and analytics, network solutions ... healthcare, today announced it entered into a ... leading provider of outpatient software solutions and ... surgery centers, specialty hospitals and rehabilitation clinics ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... and GERMANTOWN, Maryland , May 25, 2016 ... ; Frankfurt Prime Standard: QIA) today announced that the company ... Diagnostics GmbH to develop and commercialize predictive assays in oncology. ... as a marker to predict effectiveness of anthracycline treatment in ... "We are pleased to partner with Therawis, which developed the ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... , May 25, 2016  Granger Diagnostics today ... test for wounds and infections. This test ensures ... and select viruses. The test requires only a ... David G. Bostwick , MD, ... to facilitate wound healing: "We are excited to ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: