HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Effects of preterm birth and early environmental risks continue into adolescence

In one of the first studies to use brain imaging with adolescents born prematurely, New Jersey researchers report that the effects of premature birth and environmental risks on the brain during the first three years of childhood continue through adolescence. Their findings are published in the March/April issue of the journal Child Development.

Numerous studies of children born prematurely find deficits in cognitive ability and school achievement through young adulthood. The studies also find that the greater the medical complications at birth, the greater the cognitive and motor deficits, the lower the school achievement and the higher the behavioral problems at school age. These studies also find, however, that the early childhood social environment plays a prominent role in subsequent development, with greater environmental risk such as life stresses and little social support related to lower cognitive abilities and delayed social development.

For the current study, researchers from the Robert Wood Johnson Medical School at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to create images of the brains of 10 teenagers as the teens performed attention tasks.

The goal was to learn if adolescents with many medical risks at birth and different amounts of environmental risk used the same or different parts of the brain when performing such tasks. Based on earlier studies, the researchers theorized that areas of the brain involved in motor function, such as the parietal lobe, would be particularly sensitive to the effects of medical complications; while areas of the brain related to language, such as the temporal lobe, would be particularly sensitive to environmental risk.

As expected, the researchers found that individual differences in medical and environmental risks were related to patterns of brain activation. Medical risk was related to activation levels of the left parietal cor
'"/>

Contact: Andrea Browning
abrowning@srcd.org
202-336-5926
Society for Research in Child Development
22-Mar-2006


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Effects of new sleep medication appear unlikely to have potential for abuse or cognitive impairment
2. Effects of bacterial pneumonia no worse for HIV-positive patients
3. Drug therapy can reduce preterm births and decrease lifetime medical costs
4. 3-D ultrasound identifies women at risk for impending preterm birth
5. March of Dimes: Drug to prevent preterm birth needs prompt FDA approval
6. Research offers new hope for preterm babies
7. Repeat corticosteroids for pregnant women at risk of preterm delivery could be beneficial
8. Concern over rising preterm births
9. Periodontal therapy may reduce the incidence of preterm births and low birthweight infants
10. Maternal obesity prior to pregnancy associated with birth defects
11. Studies show antidepressants not linked to birth defects

Post Your Comments:
(Date:4/18/2014)... French . ... medicine. A team led by Ludwik Leibler from the ... Didier Letourneur from the Laboratoire Recherche Vasculaire Translationnelle (INSERM/Universits ... the principle of adhesion by aqueous solutions of nanoparticles ... and tissues. This easy-to-use gluing method has been tested ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... have identified new pain relief targets that could ... BBSRC-funded researchers at King,s College London made the ... in the periphery of the body. , Dr ... identifying mechanisms underlying pain generation and our findings ... side effects." , One potential side effect of ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... 17, 2014) Two recent papers by a ... colleagues may help scientists develop treatments or vaccines ... Japanese encephalitis and other disease-causing flaviviruses. , Jeffrey ... molecular genetics at the School of Medicine and ... Medical Institute, and colleagues recently published articles in ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... who treat patients with a severe and progressive ... agonizing treatment decision. , The drug sirolimus can ... shortness of breath. But some patients eventually may ... fatal complications following transplantation. , "It,s a terrible ... of Loyola University Medical Center,s LAM Clinic and ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... of Medicine (BUSM) have discovered that the anti-seizure ... model. The findings, reported in the American ... lead to more effective treatments for alcoholism. , ... leading causes of illness and death in the ... limiting the productivity of workers and necessitating huge ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Innovative strategy to facilitate organ repair 2Health News:Innovative strategy to facilitate organ repair 3Health News:New pain relief targets discovered 2Health News:CU researchers discover target for treating dengue fever 2Health News:Patients with rare lung disease face agonizing treatment dilemma 2Health News:Patients with rare lung disease face agonizing treatment dilemma 3Health News:BUSM researchers find anti-seizure drug may reduce alcohol consumption 2
(Date:1/14/2014)... , Jan. 14, 2014 The Brandeis Medical Center, led ... a premier and affordable laser tattoo removal experience with ... Brandeis, focus is in providing high quality cosmetic services with cutting ... " Southern California has seen a ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... , Jan. 14, 2014 Animal Emergency Critical Care, a ... Leesburg, Virginia is the first in ... chamber. Dr. Susan M. Barnes , Medical ... Barnes and husband, Dr. Cole Taylor , are avid scuba ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... Jan. 14, 2014   Oligomerix, Inc. , a privately held ... Alzheimer,s disease (AD) and related neurodegenerative disorders, announced today ... Valhalla, NY as of January 15, 2014 ... New York Medical College. Oligomerix, which is ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:Beverly Hills Physician Features Tattoo Removal with the Astanza Duality Laser, Offers $99 Special 2Hyperbaric Veterinary Medicine (hvm) Announces Animal Emergency Critical Care Installs A Small Animal Hyperbaric Chamber 2Oligomerix Relocates Corporate Headquarters and Secures Additional Laboratory Space from New York Medical College 2
Cached News: