HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Effects of preterm birth and early environmental risks continue into adolescence

In one of the first studies to use brain imaging with adolescents born prematurely, New Jersey researchers report that the effects of premature birth and environmental risks on the brain during the first three years of childhood continue through adolescence. Their findings are published in the March/April issue of the journal Child Development.

Numerous studies of children born prematurely find deficits in cognitive ability and school achievement through young adulthood. The studies also find that the greater the medical complications at birth, the greater the cognitive and motor deficits, the lower the school achievement and the higher the behavioral problems at school age. These studies also find, however, that the early childhood social environment plays a prominent role in subsequent development, with greater environmental risk such as life stresses and little social support related to lower cognitive abilities and delayed social development.

For the current study, researchers from the Robert Wood Johnson Medical School at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to create images of the brains of 10 teenagers as the teens performed attention tasks.

The goal was to learn if adolescents with many medical risks at birth and different amounts of environmental risk used the same or different parts of the brain when performing such tasks. Based on earlier studies, the researchers theorized that areas of the brain involved in motor function, such as the parietal lobe, would be particularly sensitive to the effects of medical complications; while areas of the brain related to language, such as the temporal lobe, would be particularly sensitive to environmental risk.

As expected, the researchers found that individual differences in medical and environmental risks were related to patterns of brain activation. Medical risk was related to activation levels of the left parietal cor
'"/>

Contact: Andrea Browning
abrowning@srcd.org
202-336-5926
Society for Research in Child Development
22-Mar-2006


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Effects of new sleep medication appear unlikely to have potential for abuse or cognitive impairment
2. Effects of bacterial pneumonia no worse for HIV-positive patients
3. Drug therapy can reduce preterm births and decrease lifetime medical costs
4. 3-D ultrasound identifies women at risk for impending preterm birth
5. March of Dimes: Drug to prevent preterm birth needs prompt FDA approval
6. Research offers new hope for preterm babies
7. Repeat corticosteroids for pregnant women at risk of preterm delivery could be beneficial
8. Concern over rising preterm births
9. Periodontal therapy may reduce the incidence of preterm births and low birthweight infants
10. Maternal obesity prior to pregnancy associated with birth defects
11. Studies show antidepressants not linked to birth defects

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:5/26/2017)... ... , ... “THE FLINTHILLS FAMILY-Our Journey to the Cross”: the personal journey of Bob Massey and ... creation of published authors, Bob and Margaret Massey. Bob Massey is small in stature ... and leather tough." His love for others is apparent in all of his life ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... ... the Garden of Eden”: retells the stories of three Bible figures in modern terms. ... Colt, mother, trader, horse farmer, artist and a former GM journeyman. Born in 1953 ... they moved to Dayton, Ohio, where Penny graduated high school. At sixteen, she toured ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Water damage to the flooring of several classrooms at The ... officials with a number of critical issues to address before students could return to ... with little or no disruption to class schedules. Second, the project had to comply ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... , ... May 24, 2017 , ... ... background. Understanind and choosing the most appropriate instruments for research and understanding the ... research finding. This webinar will focus on innovations in stereo microscopy for brightfield ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... ... May 24, 2017 , ... Altec Products, Inc., a ... 2017 – a one-day technology conference in San Diego, CA. , At nVerge ... users to fully utilize and enhance their Sage ERP solutions by providing improved visibility ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/15/2017)... May 15, 2017  Amy Baxter MD, chief executive ... in noninvasive pain relief, was awarded a 2017 Top ... Baxter was recognized at the MM&M Top 40 Healthcare ... City on May 10, 2017. The dinner ... industry go "beyond the pill."  "Innovation goes ...
(Date:5/11/2017)... -- Thornhill Research Inc. ( Toronto, Ontario, Canada ... five-year, firm-fixed-priced, indefinite-quantity/indefinite-delivery contract by the U.S. Department ... ( Ottawa, Ontario, Canada ) to ... to patients requiring emergency medical procedures in a ... have been a longtime partner with Thornhill Research ...
(Date:5/10/2017)... -- The Corporate Whistleblower Center says, "We are urging ... to call us anytime at 866-714-6466 if they possess ... a substantial scheme to overbill Medicare. We are ... of a medical equipment company if their employer ... practice groups with extra generous incentives to use, or ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: