Effects of preterm birth and early environmental risks continue into adolescence

In one of the first studies to use brain imaging with adolescents born prematurely, New Jersey researchers report that the effects of premature birth and environmental risks on the brain during the first three years of childhood continue through adolescence. Their findings are published in the March/April issue of the journal Child Development.

Numerous studies of children born prematurely find deficits in cognitive ability and school achievement through young adulthood. The studies also find that the greater the medical complications at birth, the greater the cognitive and motor deficits, the lower the school achievement and the higher the behavioral problems at school age. These studies also find, however, that the early childhood social environment plays a prominent role in subsequent development, with greater environmental risk such as life stresses and little social support related to lower cognitive abilities and delayed social development.

For the current study, researchers from the Robert Wood Johnson Medical School at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to create images of the brains of 10 teenagers as the teens performed attention tasks.

The goal was to learn if adolescents with many medical risks at birth and different amounts of environmental risk used the same or different parts of the brain when performing such tasks. Based on earlier studies, the researchers theorized that areas of the brain involved in motor function, such as the parietal lobe, would be particularly sensitive to the effects of medical complications; while areas of the brain related to language, such as the temporal lobe, would be particularly sensitive to environmental risk.

As expected, the researchers found that individual differences in medical and environmental risks were related to patterns of brain activation. Medical risk was related to activation levels of the left parietal cor

Contact: Andrea Browning
Society for Research in Child Development

Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Effects of new sleep medication appear unlikely to have potential for abuse or cognitive impairment
2. Effects of bacterial pneumonia no worse for HIV-positive patients
3. Drug therapy can reduce preterm births and decrease lifetime medical costs
4. 3-D ultrasound identifies women at risk for impending preterm birth
5. March of Dimes: Drug to prevent preterm birth needs prompt FDA approval
6. Research offers new hope for preterm babies
7. Repeat corticosteroids for pregnant women at risk of preterm delivery could be beneficial
8. Concern over rising preterm births
9. Periodontal therapy may reduce the incidence of preterm births and low birthweight infants
10. Maternal obesity prior to pregnancy associated with birth defects
11. Studies show antidepressants not linked to birth defects

Post Your Comments:

(Date:11/26/2015)... TX (PRWEB) , ... November 26, 2015 , ... PRMA ... On November 19, 2015, our surgeons performed their 6,000th free flap breast reconstruction surgery! ... “We wake up every day excited to rebuild lives and it’s an honor to ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... ... November 26, 2015 , ... Pixel Film ... trailer titles with ProTrailer: Vintage. This newly styled ProTrailer pack comes with 30 ... with any font, giving users limitless opportunities to stylize and create designs quickly ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... ... ... Indosoft Inc., developer and distributor of the world-class Asterisk based contact center software Q-Suite, ... The new Q-Suite 6 platform is based on the latest Java Enterprise standards. By ... piece of software for many key components of the suite. Much of the suite ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... Water For Empowerment ™ attracts volunteers together who want to combine talents ... women as key stakeholders in the process. The non-profit launched its first major ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... 2015 , ... Finnleo, a leader in the traditional and far-infrared sauna industry, ... far-infrared saunas. , For traditional saunas, Finnleo is offering 20% off ... and Finnleo uses only European Grade A Nordic White Spruce from sustainably grown trees. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... , November 26, 2015 ... the "Self Administration of High Viscosity Drugs" ... http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/6xvv3s/self ) has announced the addition of the ... report to their offering. --> Research ... addition of the "Self Administration of High ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... DUBLIN , November 26, 2015 ... has announced the addition of the  ... in the European Cell Surface Marker ... Emerging Opportunities"  report to their offering.  ... announced the addition of the  "2016 ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... Nov. 25, 2015  Amgen (NASDAQ: AMGN ) ... (BLA) with the United States ... a biosimilar candidate to Humira ® (adalimumab). Amgen ... submitted to the FDA and represents Amgen,s first BLA ... E. Harper , M.D., executive vice president of Research ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: