HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Effects of preterm birth and early environmental risks continue into adolescence

In one of the first studies to use brain imaging with adolescents born prematurely, New Jersey researchers report that the effects of premature birth and environmental risks on the brain during the first three years of childhood continue through adolescence. Their findings are published in the March/April issue of the journal Child Development.

Numerous studies of children born prematurely find deficits in cognitive ability and school achievement through young adulthood. The studies also find that the greater the medical complications at birth, the greater the cognitive and motor deficits, the lower the school achievement and the higher the behavioral problems at school age. These studies also find, however, that the early childhood social environment plays a prominent role in subsequent development, with greater environmental risk such as life stresses and little social support related to lower cognitive abilities and delayed social development.

For the current study, researchers from the Robert Wood Johnson Medical School at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to create images of the brains of 10 teenagers as the teens performed attention tasks.

The goal was to learn if adolescents with many medical risks at birth and different amounts of environmental risk used the same or different parts of the brain when performing such tasks. Based on earlier studies, the researchers theorized that areas of the brain involved in motor function, such as the parietal lobe, would be particularly sensitive to the effects of medical complications; while areas of the brain related to language, such as the temporal lobe, would be particularly sensitive to environmental risk.

As expected, the researchers found that individual differences in medical and environmental risks were related to patterns of brain activation. Medical risk was related to activation levels of the left parietal cor
'"/>

Contact: Andrea Browning
abrowning@srcd.org
202-336-5926
Society for Research in Child Development
22-Mar-2006


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Effects of new sleep medication appear unlikely to have potential for abuse or cognitive impairment
2. Effects of bacterial pneumonia no worse for HIV-positive patients
3. Drug therapy can reduce preterm births and decrease lifetime medical costs
4. 3-D ultrasound identifies women at risk for impending preterm birth
5. March of Dimes: Drug to prevent preterm birth needs prompt FDA approval
6. Research offers new hope for preterm babies
7. Repeat corticosteroids for pregnant women at risk of preterm delivery could be beneficial
8. Concern over rising preterm births
9. Periodontal therapy may reduce the incidence of preterm births and low birthweight infants
10. Maternal obesity prior to pregnancy associated with birth defects
11. Studies show antidepressants not linked to birth defects

Post Your Comments:
(Date:7/1/2015)... ... July 01, 2015 , ... Did you know that ... Men’s Health Month, and we at Advanced Fertility Center of Texas (AFCT) would like ... , While infertility is often considered to be a “woman’s issue,” male fertility ...
(Date:7/1/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... July 01, 2015 , ... Convoy ... a community celebration in the Twin Cities on Saturday, August 1, at Spring Lake ... Cities community will provide more than $1 million worth of goods and services including ...
(Date:7/1/2015)... , ... July 01, 2015 , ... Scoliosis is a disorder in which the normally ... Foundation, it affects 2 to 3 percent of the population, or an estimated 6 to ... develops in children between the ages of 10 and 15. Most types of scoliosis are ...
(Date:7/1/2015)... ... 01, 2015 , ... A Priority Setting Partnership put in ... list they hope will guide future mesothelioma research. Surviving Mesothelioma has just posted ... , More than 450 mesothelioma patients, caregivers, and healthcare professionals answer the ...
(Date:7/1/2015)... ... July 01, 2015 , ... B. E. Smith, the only full-service ... national chief nursing officer recruitment for Capital Health in Pennington, ... B. E. Smith has recently placed more than 1,000 healthcare executives into organizations. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Male Fertility: Improve Testosterone and Fertility With Natural Approaches 2Health News:Male Fertility: Improve Testosterone and Fertility With Natural Approaches 3Health News:Male Fertility: Improve Testosterone and Fertility With Natural Approaches 4Health News:Convoy of Hope Hosts Community Event in the Twin Cities 2Health News:Scoliosis: A Guide for Parents from Orthopedic Surgeon Dr. Fabien Bitan 2Health News:Scoliosis: A Guide for Parents from Orthopedic Surgeon Dr. Fabien Bitan 3Health News:Scoliosis: A Guide for Parents from Orthopedic Surgeon Dr. Fabien Bitan 4Health News:New Report Identifies Top 10 Mesothelioma Research Priorities, According to Surviving Mesothelioma 2Health News:Capital Health Retains B. E. Smith to Recruit New Chief Nursing Officer 2Health News:Capital Health Retains B. E. Smith to Recruit New Chief Nursing Officer 3
(Date:7/1/2015)... 1, 2015 Eli Lilly and Company (NYSE: ... quarter of 2015 on Thursday, July 23, 2015. Lilly will ... investment community and media to further detail the company,s financial ... a.m. EDT. Investors, media and the general public can access ... that will be posted on Lilly,s website at www.lilly.com ...
(Date:7/1/2015)... 1, 2015 According to a ... by Product (Natural & Synthetic, Fibrin, Collagen, Gelatin, Cyanoacrylate, ... - Global Forecast to 2020", published by MarketsandMarkets, the ... reach $2.64 Billion by 2020, growing at a CAGR ... Browse 119 market T ables ...
(Date:7/1/2015)... FT LAUDERDALE, Florida , July 1, 2015 ... developer, manufacturer and marketer of innovative medical devices for the ... 2015, it prevailed in a final opposition appeal hearing in ... 341 482 - STENT HAVING HELICAL ELEMENTS (,482). The ,482 ... EPO and has been upheld as a valid patent in ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:Lilly Confirms Date and Conference Call for Second-Quarter 2015 Financial Results Announcement 2Surgical Sealants and Adhesives Market Worth $2.64 Billion by 2020 2Surgical Sealants and Adhesives Market Worth $2.64 Billion by 2020 3Surgical Sealants and Adhesives Market Worth $2.64 Billion by 2020 4OrbusNeich Announces Favorable Ruling from the European Patent Office and Initiation of Litigation Against Terumo Corporation 2
Cached News: