Exercise science principles strengthen swallowing rehabilitation

Just thinking about swallowing makes it harder to do.

Head and neck cancer, a stroke, brain tumor, brain injury or even a tracheostomy tube and mechanical ventilation needed to sustain life can make it impossible.

Dysphagia, or swallowing problems, can also result from aging and accompanying loss of muscle strength.

"We swallow a thousand times or more per day, just our own saliva, without even thinking about it," says Dr. Lori Burkhead, speech-language pathologist and clinical research scientist at the Medical College of Georgia Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery. "We swallow in our sleep. Babies do it in utero. It is something we do without giving it much thought, but it's actually a very complex act that involves an intricate coordination between the brain, muscles and respiratory system."

An estimated 18 million Americans have difficulty with this routine function that, at worst, can lead to aspiration pneumonia, malnutrition, dehydration and death.

Evidence suggests that the same exercise science principles that strengthen bodies can help restore this fundamental function using mouth and throat muscles. Because swallowing muscles are not easy to access, applying the usual principles of exercise is more difficult. "Physical therapists can put a weight in someone's hand and exercise them or they can give patients external assistance and get them to complete a movement," says Dr. Burkhead. "I can't put weights on throat muscles for strengthening and I can't get at those muscles to help patients finish the movements they cannot do on their own."

Theories about the amount of resistance needed to strengthen a muscle, the number of repetitions and specificity of exercise along with technology such as biofeedback may help speech-language pathologists put more science and success into helping patients regain the ability to swallow, according to a review article authored by Dr.

Contact: Toni Baker
Medical College of Georgia

Page: 1 2 3

Related medicine news :

1. Exercise lowers insulin in breast cancer survivors
2. Exercise test may help predict mortality risk in heart failure patients
3. Exercise may slightly boost good cholesterol levels
4. Exercise may lead to improvement in patients with Parkinsons
5. Exercise can cut coronary artery disease risk for some with MS
6. Exercise improves quality of life for people with breast cancer
7. Exercise has no effect on risk of knee osteoarthritis
8. Exercise enhances seniors physical, mental functioning
9. Exercise helps elderly regain physical function and avoid major disability
10. Exercise helps breast cancer patients avoid anemia
11. Exercise prior to hip and knee replacement reduces need for inpatient rehabilitation

Post Your Comments:

(Date:5/15/2020)... ... May 15, 2020 , ... As businesses prepare to reopen, preventative ... is a need to combat the spread of the virus in a way that ... hopes to help with their TempCheck Sentinel and TempCheckplus Sentry no-contact infrared temperature sensing ...
(Date:5/14/2020)... , ... May 14, 2020 , ... ... addressing unmet needs in the field of urology, today announced that John Pettit, ... UroLift® Center of Excellence. The designation recognizes that Dr. Pettit has achieved a ...
(Date:5/14/2020)... VEGAS (PRWEB) , ... May 14, 2020 , ... ... processing, is donating to the Nevada Community Foundation’s COVID-19 Emergency Response Fund in ... the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. , Nevada Community Foundation and Nevada COVID-19 Response, ...
(Date:5/14/2020)... ... May 13, 2020 , ... Responding to a request from the Federal ... Services (CMS), DLA awarded Federal Resources a contract to provide 1.2 million pieces of ... gloves to ensure the safety and well-being of America’s seniors during the COVID-19 pandemic. ...
(Date:5/11/2020)... ... May 11, 2020 , ... PathologyWatch announced today a ... Creek Capital with additional funding by individual investors. PathologyWatch is emerging as ... diagnostic process while reducing costs to clinics and enhancing patient care. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/16/2020)... ... May 16, 2020 , ... Oakworks Medical, a leading manufacturer of ... to help patients lay face down for extended periods and possibly prevent them from ... years to PTs and Pain Management professionals. We used our expertise to design a ...
(Date:5/14/2020)... , ... May 14, 2020 , ... A new study ... family caregivers in the United States increased by 9.5 million from 2015 to 2020 ... 2020 also reveals that family caregivers are in worse health compared to five years ...
(Date:5/14/2020)... MENLO PARK, Calif. (PRWEB) , ... May 14, 2020 , ... ... platform, today announced the raise of a $18M strategic round of funding led by ... Khosla Ventures, GV, Felicis Ventures, and HBM Genomics. To date, Clear Labs has raised ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: