HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Exposure to carcinogenic crop toxin lowered by simple intervention

Exposure to a cancer-causing toxin that contaminates crops in developing countries can be reduced by a simple, cost-effective intervention on post-harvest storage, concludes a study in this week's issue of THE LANCET.

Staple foods in West Africa and other parts of the developing world are frequently contaminated with aflatoxins, which are a product of Aspergillus fungi. Aflatoxins are associated with an increased risk of liver cancer--a cancer accounting for one fifth of all cancers in West African men-- and impaired growth in young children. Aflatoxin contamination of foods is particularly severe when crops are stored for long periods of time, where excessive heat, humidity, insect and rodent damage can result in proliferation and spread of fungal spores.

Chris Wild (University of Leeds, UK) and colleagues introduced a simple packaged intervention to improve storage of groundnuts among farmers in a rural area of Guinea, West Africa. Farms from twenty villages were included in the study--half had the intervention and half followed usual post-harvest practices. The intervention package consisted of six simple measures, including hand sorting to identify groundnuts that were mouldy, sun drying on mats instead of the ground, storage of crops in natural fibre bags and on wooden pallets, as well as the use of small quantities of insecticide on the floor of the storage facility. In each village the researchers randomly recruited fifteen families that were farmers growing groundnuts and eating from the communal family meal. These 600 individuals had their blood aflatoxin levels measured at harvest time and at three months and five months post-harvest. Exposure was more than halved five months post-harvest in individuals from the intervention villages. Almost 20% of individuals in the intervention villages had undetectable aflatoxin levels compared with only 2% of individuals in the control villages at the end of the study.


'"/>

Contact: Joe Santangelo
j.santangelo@elsevier.com
1-212-633-3810
Lancet
2-Jun-2005


Page: 1

Related medicine news :

1. Exposure to mercury preservatives before birth is no higher in children with autism
2. Exposures to the insecticide chlorpyrifos in pregnancy adversely affect child development
3. Exposure to PCBs may reduce the effectiveness of vaccines in children
4. Exposure to toxins reduces the effectiveness of immunisation and more
5. Exposure to radiation after Chornobyl increases risk of thyroid cancer in children and adolescents
6. Exposure to fine particle air pollution linked with risk of respiratory and cardiovascular diseases
7. Exposure to military trauma related to post-war disease and death in Civil War veterans
8. Exposure to pesticides in schools produces illnesses among school employees and students
9. Occupational and Environmental Exposures of Skin to Chemicals-2005
10. Exposure to aircraft noise may affect childrens reading and memory
11. Lung cancer risk reduced in female textile workers exposed to endotoxin

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/18/2019)... , ... April 18, 2019 , ... She went from ... pair of eyeglasses, said her mother, Cheryl Reilly. Those “goofy tests,” performed by ... Mikayla Reilly, then 12 years old, had such narrow range of visual awareness, she ...
(Date:4/18/2019)... ... April 18, 2019 , ... As cannabis ... Cannabis Industry Report . The study—which considers consumers’ perceptions of, attitudes about, and ... manufacturing, offering insight into what kinds of products consumers want to see. , ...
(Date:4/17/2019)... ATLANTA (PRWEB) , ... April 17, 2019 , ... Kadan ... nearly 35 years, announced today that it has received both the 2019 Best of ... Pulse. These awards are granted only to the top-ranking home care providers, based on ...
(Date:4/17/2019)... SAN DIEGO (PRWEB) , ... April 17, 2019 ... ... supplement created to help reduce hangover symptoms. This California-made supplement was designed ... productive routines. It is now available for purchase via GotPurpleTree.com and ...
(Date:4/17/2019)... , ... April 17, 2019 , ... ... on advances in revolutionary diagnostic technologies. This episode is scheduled to air 3Q ... this segment, Innovations will focus on Credo Biomedical Pte. Ltd. (Credo Biomedical), a ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/17/2019)... ... April 17, 2019 , ... Stealth ... mitochondrial dysfunction, announced yesterday at the 2019 Muscular Dystrophy Association (MDA) Clinical ... (OLE) clinical trial evaluating efficacy of elamipretide, an investigational product that targets ...
(Date:4/17/2019)... ... April 17, 2019 , ... The Job Research Foundation has ... into the causes of and treatments for Job Syndrome. , The Foundation awarded ... place around the globe in three countries, and on three continents. The recipients are: ...
(Date:4/17/2019)... ... April 17, 2019 , ... Kennywood is making a commitment ... spectrum, have an amazing experience. As part of this commitment, the amusement park ... Board of Credentialing and Continuing Education Standards (IBCCES) to organizations who have completed ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: