Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders among children living in Russian 'Baby Homes'

  • Researchers have examined a sample of children living in Russian "Baby Homes" for features that are indicative of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD).
  • More than half of the Baby-Home residents were found to have intermediate (45%) or high (13%) phenotypic expression scores, consistent with a diagnosis of FASD.
  • Long-term outcomes of children with FASD can be improved by early diagnosis and targeted interventions.

Alcohol use in Russia is among the highest in the world, according to the World Health Organization. Yet the prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) among Russian children is not well known. In the March issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research, researchers closely examine a small number of children living in Russian "Baby Homes" for features that might indicate prenatal alcohol exposure. More than half of the Baby-Home residents were found to have features consistent with a diagnosis of FASD.

"More than 600,000 children in Russia reside in various state-run institutions, including Baby Homes, from birth to four years of age, and/or orphanages, for children four years of age and older," said Laurie C. Miller, associate professor of pediatrics at the New England Medical Center and corresponding author for the study. "Although it is recognized that many children residing in Baby Homes and orphanages have been exposed to alcohol prenatally, the information we have is incomplete. For example, the medical records of only 40 percent of the children in our survey indicated that their birth mothers consumed alcohol during the pregnancy. In 56 percent of the cases, no information about alcohol use was available."

For this study, Miller and her colleagues conducted phenotypic screening of 234 Baby-Home residents (121 males, 101 females; gender unknown for 12 children) in the Murmansk region of Russia. "We carefully examined each child residing in the Baby Homes," said


Page: 1 2 3

Related medicine news :

1. Numbers, sequences pose problems for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome children
2. Fetal brain imaging
3. Brief motivational interviews work best long term for college students sent to alcohol counseling
4. Smoking may interfere with alcoholics neurocognitive recovery during abstinence
5. Intensive-care patients with alcohol problems are more likely to require mechanical ventilation
6. Shoulder tapping -- Young males are most willing to purchase alcohol for underage youth
7. Access to alcohol among middle school children
8. Both alcohol and neighborhood characteristics can affect intimate partner violence
9. The appetite-regulating peptide leptin influences alcohol craving for some alcoholics
10. Tobacco and alcohol use independently increase risk of head and neck cancer
11. RAND study finds alcohol advertising and marketing associated with adolescent drinking

Post Your Comments:

(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... The rapid speed ... As people age, more care is needed, especially with Alzheimer’s, dementia and other ... are being overworked. The forgotten part of this equation: 80 percent of medical ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 27, 2015 , ... ... a safe and convenient way to dispense prescription medications at home, so he ... effective way to monitor and dispense prescription medications. In doing so, it could ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... Lizzie’s Lice Pickers just ... is offering customers 10% off of their purchase of lice treatment product. In addition, ... price. According to a company spokesperson. “Finding lice is a sure way to ruin ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... 27, 2015 , ... ProSidebar: Fashion is a set of 30 ... ProSidebar: Fasion, video editors can easily add an informative sidebar to any FCPX production. ... Utilize presets featuring self-animating drop zones, lines, bars, and text with the ease of ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... , ... November 27, 2015 , ... ... of progress through sharing, the 2016 Building Better Radiology Marketing Programs ... will begin on Sunday, March 6, 2016, at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... 26, 2015 Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/lttqph/asia_pacific ) ... Pacemaker Market Outlook to 2019 - Rise in Cardiac Disorders ... report to their offering. Boston ... Boston scientific and others. --> ... Biotronik, Boston scientific and others. ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... , November 26, 2015 ... of the "2016 Future Horizons and ... Abuse Testing Market: Supplier Shares, Country Segment ... to their offering. --> http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/tl7lj7/2016_future ... "2016 Future Horizons and Growth Strategies ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... STOCKHOLM , November 26, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... --> Juntendo universitetssjukhus ser potential att ... av magnetresonansbilder (MR-bilder) för patienter med ... tecknat ett forskningsavtal med SyntheticMR AB för ... kliniska forskningsprojekt på sjukhuset. Med SyMRI kan ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: