HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Glucose levels trigger compensation for type 2 diabetics

Many individuals with type 2 diabetes are diabetic because the cells of their body no longer respond to the hormone insulin, which is crucial for lowering blood sugar levels (blood glucose levels). However, before individuals become clinically diabetic their body tries to compensate for the increasing resistance to the effects of insulin by increasing both the amount of insulin secreted and the mass of insulin-secreting cells (beta cells) in the pancreas. Several factors have been shown to induce an increase in beta-cell mass, but exactly what triggers this in individuals consuming a high-fat diet has not been clearly established.

In a study appearing in the January issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Takashi Kadowaki and colleagues from the University of Tokyo, Japan, show that in mice with high-fat dietinduced insulin resistance, changes in glucose concentration are likely to be the main trigger of increased beta-cell mass. The beta-cell mass of mice expressing only one copy of the gene encoding the sensor of blood glucose levels, GCK (Gck-/- mice), showed little increase compared with wild-type mice fed a high-fat diet, and the mice developed diabetes. One important mediator of the beta-cell mass increase downstream of GCK sensing increased blood glucose levels, and was shown to be IRS2, as expression of IRS2 in Gck-/- mice partially prevented diabetes by increasing beta-cell mass. The authors therefore suggest that novel strategies to increase beta-cell mass to treat type 2 diabetes and overcome high-fat dietinduced insulin resistance might be developed if the mechanism linking GCK and IRS2 can be determined. However, in an accompanying commentary, Gordon Weir and Susan Bonner-Weir from the Joslin Diabetes Center remind us that before we develop new therapeutics "it is essential that glucose signals involved in beta-cell replication in both health and disease be carefully defined."


'"/>

Contact: Brooke Grindlinger
press_releases@the-jci.org
212-342-9006
Journal of Clinical Investigation
2-Jan-2007


Page: 1

Related medicine news :

1. Even low levels of weekly exercise drive down blood pressure
2. Low hospital staff levels increase infection rates
3. SCHIP funding levels too low ACP tells Senate Finance Committee Leaders
4. Liver cancer patients with high serum levels of hepatitis B virus face poorer outcomes
5. Exercise may slightly boost good cholesterol levels
6. Coffee consumption may lower blood uric acid levels -- the precursor of gout
7. Different type of iron supplement is better at boosting iron levels
8. Yoga and elevated brain GABA levels
9. Statin use linked with decreased prostate cancer mortality rates, lower PSA levels
10. Low physical activity can improve fitness levels for sedentary, overweight postmenopausal women
11. Neglected epidemic of chronic lung disease; childhood conditions affect adult progesterone levels

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... The ... demand of today’s consumer and regulatory authorities worldwide. From Children’s to Adults 50+, ... to meet the highest standard. , These products are also: Gluten Free, ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Asante, ... post-acute health care, have expanded their existing home health joint venture through an ... has been operating a joint venture home health company with Asante, delivering clinically ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... HMP , a leader in ... 2017 Folio Magazine Eddie Digital Award for ‘Best B-to-B Healthcare Website.’ Winners were announced ... 2017. , The annual award competition recognizes editorial and design excellence across a range ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Women-owned and Grand Rapids-based workplace ... Brightest in Wellness® by Best and Brightest. OnSite Wellness will be honored at ... from 7:30 a.m. to 2 p.m. at the Henry Autograph Collection Hotel, located ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Vohra Chief Medical ... to physician colleagues, skilled nursing facility medical directors and other clinicians at various ... Wound Care." , "At many of these conferences we get to educate other ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/2/2017)... 2, 2017  Eli Lilly and Company (NYSE: ... the third quarter of 2017 on Tuesday, October 24, ... that day with the investment community and media to ... conference call will begin at 9 a.m. Eastern time. ... live webcast of the conference call through a link ...
(Date:9/28/2017)... Cohen Veterans Bioscience and Early Signal Foundation ... and home sensors for real-time monitoring of patients with ... nonprofit organization focused on disruptive health solutions for rare ... system to record and integrate behavioral, cognitive, physiological and ... ...
(Date:9/23/2017)... Janssen Biotech, Inc. (Janssen) announced today that ... U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the Biologics ... treatment of moderately to severely active rheumatoid arthritis (RA). ... needed to further evaluate the safety of sirukumab in ... "We are disappointed ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: