HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Handwashing with soap key to reducing burden of childhood disease

Handwashing with soap could halve the incidence of diarrhoea and lower respiratory infections in children in developing countries, concludes a study published in this week's issue of THE LANCET.

Every year more than 3.5 million children aged less than 5 years die from diarrhoea and acute lower respiratory tract infection, making these two clinical syndromes the largest cause of childhood deaths globally.

Stephen Luby (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, Atlanta, GA, USA) and colleagues did a randomised controlled trial in adjoining squatter settlements in Karachi, Pakistan, to measure the broad health benefits brought about by improvement of handwashing and bathing with soap. The investigators recruited 36 neighbourhoods to take part in the study. 600 households in these neighbourhoods were assigned to handwashing promotion and 300 to control. Half the households in the handwashing promotion group were given antibacterial soap and half received plain soap. Fieldworkers visted households at least once a week for a year to distribute the soap and encourage handwashing and to record all symptoms in the household. The researchers found that hand washing with soap reduced the incidence of pneumonia by 50% in children under 5 when compared with controls. Handwashing also reduced also the incidence of diarrhoea by 53% and a bacterial skin infection called impetigo by 34% in children younger than 15 years. There was no difference in disease incidence between households given antibacterial soap and those given plain soap.

Dr Luby states: "Our data show that regular handwashing with soap is very effective in preventing diarrhoea and respiratory disease, two of the leading causes of global childhood death. Handwashing with daily bathing also prevents impetigo. Provision of free soap, frequent community meetings, and weekly household handwashing promotion visits to all impoverished households worldwide is prohibitively expensive. Thus, the
'"/>

Contact: Joe Santangelo
j.santangelo@elsevier.com
1-212-633-3810
Lancet
14-Jul-2005


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. New study shows promise in reducing surgical risks associated with surgical bleeding
2. Benefits of trastuzumab are lasting, reducing both HER2 + breast cancer deaths and recurrence
3. Increasing survival of organ transplant patients by reducing time interval for transported organs
4. Pacifier use assists in reducing the incidence of SIDS
5. New Congress should focus on covering the uninsured, reducing health costs, according to new survey
6. RAND study finds vaccination of nursing home staff, residents, key to reducing flu outbreak
7. Health facility births key to substantially reducing maternal deaths worldwide
8. Health facility births key to substantially reducing maternal mortality worldwide
9. A little TLC goes a long way toward reducing high cholesterol
10. Exercise important in reducing size of abdominal fat cells
11. Pneumonia can be treated effectively in nursing homes, reducing transfers to hospital

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Handwashing with soap key reducing burden childhood disease

(Date:10/22/2014)... Lexington, Kentucky (PRWEB) October 22, 2014 ... an agreement that will change the current location of ... Road to South Limestone across from the University of ... be a state-of-the-art ambulatory care center, owned and operated ... meet the orthopaedic needs of children and their families ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... Pass, OR (PRWEB) October 22, 2014 ... Southern California’s fresh water supply runs dangerously low, Southern ... change. Southern Oregon’s rivers, despite the lowest mountain snow ... even in late summer and early autumn.* That was ... authors of the new book “Hiking Southern Oregon,” during ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... 2014 Although there are only 24 hours in ... people who have trouble finding time within their busy schedules for ... long periods of time to get in shape. Here are five ... the go. , Change Up Your Commute , Consider riding ... add some exercise into your daily routine. If you must use ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... HealthDay Reporter , TUESDAY, Oct. 21, 2014 ... may be showing a genetic propensity for obesity as toddlers, ... been linked to increased body fat, but the same genes ... the researchers said. At 1 year, kids with these ... 3, however, these genes were linked to excessive weight gain, ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... Maureen Salamon HealthDay ... A crucial part of conventional in vitro fertilization (IVF) -- ... instead take place in a device inside the vagina, new ... contend that the device, called an INVOcell, might sharply cut ... also make the technology more accessible to those who don,t ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Shriners Hospitals for Children - Lexington Announces Plan to Build New $47 Million Facility 2Health News:Shriners Hospitals for Children - Lexington Announces Plan to Build New $47 Million Facility 3Health News:Southern Oregon Is West’s Most Drought Proof Fresh Water Region Say Hiking Guide Authors 2Health News:Southern Oregon Is West’s Most Drought Proof Fresh Water Region Say Hiking Guide Authors 3Health News:Southern Oregon Is West’s Most Drought Proof Fresh Water Region Say Hiking Guide Authors 4Health News:HealthGuideMD Presents Ways to Improve Your Exercise and Fitness 2Health News:Tall, Heavy 1-Year-Olds May Be at Risk for Obesity Later, Study Finds 2Health News:Experimental Infertility Treatment Seems Effective, Cheaper 2Health News:Experimental Infertility Treatment Seems Effective, Cheaper 3Health News:Experimental Infertility Treatment Seems Effective, Cheaper 4
(Date:10/22/2014)... Oct. 22, 2014  Rescheduling of hydrocodone combination ... the pain market, according to a new primary ... firm providing market research and consultation exclusively in ... - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20141021/153440 In ... hydrocodone combination products from Schedule III to Schedule ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... 2014 Investor-Edge has initiated coverage ... FOLD ), Progenics Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ... ), Idera Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: IDRA ), ... these five companies can be accessed at: http://investor-edge.com/register ... NASDAQ Composite ended at 4,419.48, up 2.40%, the Dow ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... Oct. 22, 2014  Charlene Vernak, RPh, of Vernak Farms ... recently was awarded the George Roentsch Scholarship by the ... award in Houston during PCCA,s ... awarded annually to an independent pharmacist and PCCA member ... George Roentsch , a well-known pharmacist in the compounding ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:Hydrocodone: Rescheduled, Repositioned & Reinvented 2Hydrocodone: Rescheduled, Repositioned & Reinvented 3Market Momentum on Biotech Stocks - Amicus Therapeutics, Progenics Pharma, Threshold Pharma, Idera Pharma, and Merrimack Pharma 2Market Momentum on Biotech Stocks - Amicus Therapeutics, Progenics Pharma, Threshold Pharma, Idera Pharma, and Merrimack Pharma 3Market Momentum on Biotech Stocks - Amicus Therapeutics, Progenics Pharma, Threshold Pharma, Idera Pharma, and Merrimack Pharma 4Market Momentum on Biotech Stocks - Amicus Therapeutics, Progenics Pharma, Threshold Pharma, Idera Pharma, and Merrimack Pharma 5PCCA Awards Charlene Vernak, RPh, the George Roentsch Scholarship 2
Cached News: