HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
High levels of blindness in southern Sudan following years of war

Surveys conducted in southern Sudan, after conflict there ended in 2004, found much higher levels of blindness than anticipated. The results, published in PLoS Medicine, have major implications for the provision of health services in the region.

Sudan is the largest country in Africa and one of the poorest in the world. The southern region of the country is very remote and was devastated by a civil war that went on for nearly half a century, with only short intervals of peace.

An international team of researchers conducted a survey in May 2005 in Mankiena district of Sudan with a total population estimated to be around 50,000. Their aim was to estimate how many people were blind or had low vision and to find out the main causes. Working under very difficult conditions, the researchers selected villages to be visited at random. A house in each village visited was selected by spinning a pen in the middle of the village. The people in this house were examined and then other houses were chosen, also at random. Around 2500 people were examined. Children under five years were not included in survey. A very high rate of blindness was found4%. This is more than twice the level that would be expected, given what is known about the prevalence of blindness in other parts of rural Africa. The two most common causes of blindness and low vision were cataract and trachoma, each accounting for over one-third of cases. Trachoma, which is caused by an infection, was responsible for a greater proportion of the cases of blindness than has been found in studies in other parts of rural Africa.

In a second survey in the same district, the researchers looked specifically for cases of trachoma, both in its early stages and later when it has led to blindness. Some 3500 people were examined, of whom 2000 were children aged less than 15 years. The earliest stages of infection were very common indeed, particularly in children aged 19, over half of whom had some
'"/>

Contact: Andrew Hyde
press@plos.org
44-122-346-3330
Public Library of Science
18-Dec-2006


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Even low levels of weekly exercise drive down blood pressure
2. Low hospital staff levels increase infection rates
3. SCHIP funding levels too low ACP tells Senate Finance Committee Leaders
4. Liver cancer patients with high serum levels of hepatitis B virus face poorer outcomes
5. Exercise may slightly boost good cholesterol levels
6. Coffee consumption may lower blood uric acid levels -- the precursor of gout
7. Different type of iron supplement is better at boosting iron levels
8. Yoga and elevated brain GABA levels
9. Statin use linked with decreased prostate cancer mortality rates, lower PSA levels
10. Low physical activity can improve fitness levels for sedentary, overweight postmenopausal women
11. Neglected epidemic of chronic lung disease; childhood conditions affect adult progesterone levels

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: High levels blindness southern Sudan following years war

(Date:8/28/2015)... Madre, CA (PRWEB) , ... August 28, 2015 ... ... solutions to wound center management, Decatur County Memorial Hospital recently transitioned management companies ... model of Wound Center Management for their outpatient wound center. , Transitioning ...
(Date:8/28/2015)... ... August 28, 2015 , ... ... at the Zoo to celebrate children helping children, a thank you to the ... West Ohio have contributed to the United Methodist initiative to end malaria deaths. ...
(Date:8/28/2015)... Angeles, CA (PRWEB) , ... August 28, 2015 , ... ... endless journey that local pizza maker Paul LaRocco has gone through to open a ... city approval and permitting process tends to take several months, but the current process, ...
(Date:8/28/2015)... Dallas, TX (PRWEB) , ... August 28, 2015 , ... ... Surgical Center is taking part with their subsidiary USPI Tenet Health. , The American ... to fight heart disease and stroke. They believe that together, a difference can be ...
(Date:8/28/2015)... ... August 28, 2015 , ... As reported by Medical Daily on August ... for results that last for two years, the longest of any cellulite reduction system ... looking for a long-lasting, effective solution for their cellulite, according to Dr. Robert Weiss, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Decatur County Memorial Hospital Transitions Wound Center Management To Wound Care Advantage and the Luvo Operating System 2Health News:Decatur County Memorial Hospital Transitions Wound Center Management To Wound Care Advantage and the Luvo Operating System 3Health News:Decatur County Memorial Hospital Transitions Wound Center Management To Wound Care Advantage and the Luvo Operating System 4Health News:Saturday’s United Methodist Event at Columbus Zoo Celebrates Imagine No Malaria 2Health News:Saturday’s United Methodist Event at Columbus Zoo Celebrates Imagine No Malaria 3Health News:Article on Building Approval Process for LA Business Highlights the Need for a Bridge Between Businesses and City Officials, says Fire Protection Group Inc. 2Health News:North Central Surgical Center’s Subsidiary Participates in Walk 2Health News:Maryland Dermatologists Discuss Non-Invasive Cellulite Reduction System Cellfina Receiving 2-Year FDA Clearance 2Health News:Maryland Dermatologists Discuss Non-Invasive Cellulite Reduction System Cellfina Receiving 2-Year FDA Clearance 3
(Date:8/28/2015)... N.J. , Aug. 28, 2015  IP Shakti, LLC, ... LLC. ... "Our new corporate identity signifies our transformation ... world,s first predictive analytics platform for patent claim validity." ... the launch of the proprietary AIA Shield™ platform, the Company ...
(Date:8/28/2015)... PITTSBURGH , Aug. 28, 2015 ... announced that its shareholders have approved Mylan,s proposed ... ; TASE) and the related issuance of Mylan ... general meeting of shareholders held today. The transaction ... the extraordinary general meeting. In addition, the transaction ...
(Date:8/28/2015)... LONDON , August 28, 2015 ... approach seamlessly connects people, technologies and care protoc ... improving outcomes and the cost of healthcare delivery   ... PHIA) today announced its presence at  ESC Congress 2015 , where ... Model A.I. , EchoNavigator and IntelliSpace Cardiovascular, that connect people ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:IP Shakti, LLC Changes Company Name to Prediqtus, LLC 2Mylan Shareholders Overwhelmingly Approve Proposed Acquisition of Perrigo 2Mylan Shareholders Overwhelmingly Approve Proposed Acquisition of Perrigo 3Mylan Shareholders Overwhelmingly Approve Proposed Acquisition of Perrigo 4Mylan Shareholders Overwhelmingly Approve Proposed Acquisition of Perrigo 5Mylan Shareholders Overwhelmingly Approve Proposed Acquisition of Perrigo 6Mylan Shareholders Overwhelmingly Approve Proposed Acquisition of Perrigo 7Mylan Shareholders Overwhelmingly Approve Proposed Acquisition of Perrigo 8Mylan Shareholders Overwhelmingly Approve Proposed Acquisition of Perrigo 9Philips Showcases New Integrated Cardiology Solutions to Advance Minimally Invasive Procedures at ESC Congress 2015 2Philips Showcases New Integrated Cardiology Solutions to Advance Minimally Invasive Procedures at ESC Congress 2015 3Philips Showcases New Integrated Cardiology Solutions to Advance Minimally Invasive Procedures at ESC Congress 2015 4
Cached News: