HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Increasing numbers of California teens abuse over-the-counter cold medicine

The number of reported cases of dextromethorphan abuse in California increased 10-fold between 1999 and 2004, an increase that parallels national trends, according to a report in the December issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. About three-quarters of the reported cases were among individuals age 9 to 17.

"Dextromethorphan has been used safely for years as a cough suppressant and is available in many over-the-counter (OTC) cough and cold preparations," the authors write as background information in the article. But when taken at high doses, the drug can cause hallucinations, and it has been abused for as many as four decades. Since the late 1990s, dextromethorphan abuse has increased among adolescents, in part because the drug is easily accessible and is perceived to be safe. Severe side effects have been reported at high doses, including rapid heartbeat, high blood pressure, agitation, loss of muscle control and psychosis (a loss of contact with reality).

Jodi K. Bryner, Pharm.D., School of Pharmacy, University of California, San Francisco, and colleagues analyzed the trend of dextromethorphan abuse in California as reflected in cases reported to the California Poison Control System (CPCS), a 24-hour emergency telephone service. The findings were then compared to national trends as reported to the American Association of Poison Control Centers and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration's Drug Abuse Warning Network.

During the six-year period between 1999 and 2004, 1,411 calls to the CPCS were coded as dextromethorphan abuse. The researchers manually reviewed each one and found 1,382 non-duplicate cases. The frequency of dextromethorphan abuse calls increased by about 50 percent each year compared with the previous year, up to a total ten-fold increase (from .23 cases per 1,000 calls in 1999 to 2.15 cases per 1,000 calls in 2004). Calls involving youth
'"/>

Contact: Ilene B. Anderson
415-502-2058
JAMA and Archives Journals
4-Dec-2006


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Increasing radiation dose shortens treatment time for women who choose breast sparing treatment
2. Increasing survival of organ transplant patients by reducing time interval for transported organs
3. Increasing role of acetaminophen in acute liver failure in the United States
4. Increasing the success of liver transplants by managing levels of anti-rejection drugs
5. Increasing benefit seen in novel drug that treats Gleevec resistance
6. New survey finds rising numbers of uninsured in moderate and middle income American families
7. Poland loses record numbers of doctors to the UK
8. Child health teacher numbers at worrying levels
9. Multi-drug resistant TB persists in California
10. APA applauds new California regulations for inpatient psychological services
11. Late weekend sleep among teens may lead to poor academic performance

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:8/31/2020)... ... , ... Just found out your dear friend has cancer? , It’s hard to hear your ... shares their diagnosis. Once the shock wears off, the questions and fears can be overwhelming. ... best ways to help? Words are failing me. I’m scared. I want to DO something. ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... ... August 31, 2020 , ... Colorado State University Global (CSU ... affordable online education – is proud to announce its new master’s degree in ... its kind in the nation, the 60-credit hour program is designed to provide ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... ... August 31, 2020 , ... In an effort to give back to ... 10 percent of each hotel room booked with a special new rate code to ... Indiana (RMHC-CNI) , effective immediately. Donations will be applied to any room type, ...
(Date:8/28/2020)... ... 28, 2020 , ... Ernst & Young LLP (EY US) ... Of The Year® 2020 Florida Award finalist. Now in its 34th year, the ... growth and prosperity as they build and sustain successful businesses that transform our ...
(Date:8/28/2020)... (PRWEB) , ... August 28, 2020 , ... Integrated ... Miami is the first Florida school to deploy its breakthrough Mobile Biodefense Indoor Air ... airborne COVID-19. True North Classical Academy plans to fully reopen equipped with the filtration ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/1/2020)... ... September 01, 2020 , ... While coronavirus cases continue to increase across ... and community organizations remain closed. Because about 80% of blood donations are made at ... blood donors and blood drive hosts to ensure blood products are readily available for ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... (PRWEB) , ... August 31, 2020 , ... If you live in New York City ... real estate part makes sense, it’s the law of supply and demand, but are plastic ... has a significant percentage of their patients that make the four-hour trip to have ...
(Date:8/28/2020)... (PRWEB) , ... August 28, 2020 , ... Dr. ... reproductive and endoscopic surgeon and serves as a clinical professor in the Department of ... of the American Laparoscopy Society & Pacific Coast Reproductive Society and is a Clinical ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: