HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Investigating the appropriateness of current alcohol-use disorder criteria for adolescents

  • The same alcohol-use disorder criteria are currently used for both adults and adolescents, despite concerns about the appropriateness of these criteria for adolescents.
  • New findings suggest that "tolerance" and "time spent" using/obtaining/recovering from alcohol may be over-diagnosed in adolescents.

North American clinicians generally use alcohol-use disorder (AUD) criteria as defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV). Concerns exist, however, about the appropriateness of these criteria for adolescents. For the first time, a study in the May issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research uses a single representative sample of the U.S. population to examine the effects of age, gender, race/ethnicity, and drinking status on the prevalence of DSM-IV diagnostic criteria among both adolescents and adults.

"DSM-IV criteria were developed with clinical adult populations," said Thomas C. Harford, a senior research analyst with CSR, Incorporated and first author of the study. "However, when compared to adults, drinking among adolescents is relatively infrequent and drinking histories tend to have shorter durations. Consequently, many symptoms such as withdrawal and alcohol-related medical complications are not typically experienced by adolescents."

"Recent research with adolescent clinical and community samples has identified important limitations of DSM-IV criteria when applied to adolescents," added Christopher Martin, associate professor of psychiatry and psychology at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. "These include, one, that the dependence symptoms of tolerance, 'much time spent' using, and using more/longer than intended appear to often be over diagnosed in adolescent studies; two, that the ways in which these dependence criteria are measured has a huge downstream impact on the estimated prevalence of abuse and dependence diagnoses; an
'"/>


15-May-2005


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related medicine news :

1. Investigating the causes of Parkinsons disease
2. Investigating brain shrinkage in alcoholics
3. Vorinostat shows anti-cancer activity in recurrent gliomas
4. Article outlines current recommendations for treating malaria in the US
5. Marijuana worsens COPD symptoms in current cigarette smokers
6. New class of targeted cancer drugs shows promise in slowing progression of recurrent prostate cancer
7. Experts review current and future approaches to dementia diagnosis
8. Popular statin reduces recurrent stroke risk
9. Men more at risk of recurrent blood clots than women
10. New test for infection that causes blindness could be more effective than current detection method
11. Concurrent PET/CT for radiation therapy planning shows promise over separate PET and CT

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:10/15/2019)... , ... October 15, 2019 , ... Genomenon® ... with SOPHiA GENETICS that includes incorporating the Mastermind® Genomic Search Engine ... the most up-to-date genomic research at the fingertips of clinical researchers performing genomic analysis ...
(Date:10/11/2019)... ... ... Inland Detox, Inc. has just moved to a new location in the ... Temecula Valley and it’s the perfect place for long-term residential alcohol and substance ... well as double occupancy rooms, a 2nd home where all treatment takes place, a ...
(Date:10/10/2019)... ... 10, 2019 , ... Santa Rosa Consulting, Inc. , ... healthcare industry, has completed the first phase of a comprehensive strategic and technological ... Bahamas towards a fully integrated health information management system (iHIMS). , The ...
(Date:10/8/2019)... , ... October 08, 2019 , ... ... Kroger, Ralphs, QFC and Fred Meyer, King Sooper, Fry’s, Roundy’s, Smiths and Dillons. ... dairy-free, grain-free & gluten-free. , “Ingredient purity and fresh taste is paramount ...
(Date:10/8/2019)... ... October 08, 2019 , ... In Vitro ... in Advanced Fertility Care (AFC), an advanced reproductive services (RE) facility operating in ... availability of RE services to expectant families throughout Arizona and the greater Southwest. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/8/2019)... ... October 08, 2019 , ... A free, interactive event highlighting innovations ... Austin, Texas. The event, featuring thought leaders, innovators and health experts, will display innovations ... from 2:00 p.m. to 5:30 p.m. CT on October 19 at the Coppertank Event ...
(Date:10/8/2019)... INDIANAPOLIS (PRWEB) , ... October 08, 2019 , ... ... aims to provide farmers a wider range of novel, microbial-based crop protection products. ... identification of new natural product starting points. In a first for the agriculture ...
(Date:10/8/2019)... ... October 08, 2019 , ... ... as a service (SaaS) platform, today announced integration between the IntelliCredTM credentialing software ... time it takes medical office staff to obtain peer references and affiliations to ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: