Loyola study: Telemetry captures stroke patients cardiac problems

To detect "silent" or new cardiac abnormalities, all patients hospitalized for stroke should receive continuous cardiac rhythm monitoring (telemetry) for at least the first 24 hours after the stroke is detected, according to a Loyola University Health System study presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2006.

Currently, only some stroke patients are put on telemetry, which electronically sends patients' heart rhythm and other cardiac data captured by machines in the patients' room to a central location in the hospital. There it is displayed on computer screens for staff to monitor for abnormalities on an ongoing basis.

"Many patients have paroxysmal or otherwise 'silent' arrythmias, which may not show up until after a stroke occurs," said study co-author Dr. Michael J. Schneck, associate professor, department of neurology, Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, Ill.

"Continuous cardiac rhythm monitoring allows for the discovery of unsuspected paroxysmal abnormalities, such as atrial fibrillation, which may be important in determination of antithrombotic therapy post stroke," said Schneck, who is certified in the subspecialty of vascular neurology by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, Inc. "Also, atrial fibrillation is a predictive factor for severe stroke as well as early death with acute ischemic stroke."

For the study, Schneck and colleagues reviewed records of 337 stroke patients. A total of 289 patients had been placed on telemetry. Among the telemetry patients, 80 percent had normal rhythms but the remainder had abnormal rhythms. Results of the study shows 17 percent of patients placed on telemetry developed new cardiac rhythms while monitored.

"This finding is significant in that the new rhythm may have both immediate and long-term neurologic and cardiac implications," said Schneck, director of Loyola University Health System's neuro

Contact: Joanne Swanson
Loyola University Health System

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