ATLANTA, GA (March 13, 2006)--A study presented today during the American College of Cardiology's inaugural Innovation in Intervention: The i2 Summit 2006 in Atlanta, Ga., will answer intriguing questions about whether repairing a hole in the heart known as a patent foramen ovale (PFO) can ease the pain of severe migraine headaches. Innovation in Intervention: i2 Summit is an annual meeting for practicing cardiovascular interventionalists sponsored by the American College of Cardiology in partnership with the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions.
The Migraine Intervention with STARFlex Technology (MIST) trial will answer that question. It is the first study to evaluate the effectiveness of PFO closure for the sole purpose of relieving migraines.
"Many patients with migraines suffer tremendously," said Peter Wilmshurst, M.D., co-principal investigator of the MIST trial and a consultant cardiologist at Royal Shrewsbury Hospital, Shrewsbury, England. "If we can cure migraines with a simple procedure that takes less than an hour, that will have a considerable benefit for patients."
A hole in the wall separating the two upper chambers of the heart is essential in a developing fetus, as it allows blood to circulate throughout the body without being diverted to the lungs. After birth, the hole usually closes on its own. However, in a small percentage of adults, a large PFO remains--and about half of those patients have severe migraine headaches with aura. Dr. Wilmshurst was among the first researchers to observe improvement in migraine headaches in patients who, for other medical reasons, had a procedure to seal the PFO.
To definitively determine whether PFO repair can eliminate migraines, the MIST trial studied 147 patients with severe, frequent migraines and a medium-to-large PFO, randomly assigning them to PFO closure or a sham intervention. Fifteen medical centers participated in the study.
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