HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Mathematical tools for predicting facial surgery results

Providence, RI---Cranio-maxillofacial surgery is a medical specialty focusing on facial and skull reconstruction. This surgery can help patients with such disorders as cleft palate, malformations of the upper or lower jaw, and problems with the facial skeleton due to injury. Intensive pre-operative planning is needed not only to ensure that the medical purposes of the surgery are achieved, but also to give patients a sense of what their faces will look like after the surgery is performed.

In their article "Mathematics in Facial Surgery," Peter Deuflhard, Martin Weiser, and Stefan Zachow (of the Konrad Zuse Zentrum (ZIB), Berlin) describe the mathematical techniques they have used to assist cranio-maxillofacial surgeons to predict the outcomes of surgery. These techniques have proven to be quite successful in producing predictions that end up matching well the post-operative outcomes.

The first step in the planning paradigm for such surgery is to use medical imaging data of the patient to construct a 3-dimensional computer model, called the "virtual patient". The second step, which is the one the article focuses on, uses the data to create a "virtual lab" in which various operative strategies can be tested. The last step is to play back to the patient the outcomes of the various strategies.

The second step in the paradigm requires modeling and solving partial differential equations (PDEs), which are equations that represent changing physical systems. One must identify which PDEs are appropriate for biomechanical modeling of soft facial tissue and bone. Standard methods for handling the equations need to be adapted for this particular application. One must also formulate ways to represent the interface between tissue and bone, as well as their interactions. Generally such PDEs cannot be solved exactly in closed form, so mathematics enters the picture once again to provide numer
'"/>

Contact: Dr. Peter Deuflhard
deuflhard@zib.de
49-308-418-5101
American Mathematical Society
26-Sep-2006


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. RAND, Health Dialog form alliance to create tools to evaluate health-care quality and efficiency
2. Mayo Clinic Cancer Center collaborating to find new tools to fight leukemia
3. Hearing loss and high-speed dental tools
4. Orlando meeting highlights work about making systems, tools, and products safe and easy to use
5. Promising diagnostic tools for multiple sclerosis developed at Yale
6. New tools used to control foodborne hepatitis A outbreaks related to green onions
7. Mental health following stroke, spinal cord injury; sensory evaluation tools
8. Patient navigation provide tools to address barriers to care but need standardization and assessment
9. Pitt receives $9 million to develop research tools that may aid drug discovery
10. NIST fire analysis tools featured in online training
11. Why predicting the next influenza pandemic is difficult and how scientists can best prepare

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:5/2/2016)... ... May 02, 2016 , ... The ... the 2016 Main Residency Match® (“the Match”), the system through which U.S. and ... institutions. A record-high 30,750 positions were placed in the 2016 Match, and 29,572 ...
(Date:5/2/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 02, 2016 , ... MedPro Waste ... mail back service. MedPro now offers its mail back service for an all-inclusive ... we are now able to provide service to all of the clients in the ...
(Date:5/2/2016)... ... May 02, 2016 , ... Visceral fat, also known as ... kidneys, liver and pancreas. If not properly addressed, visceral fat can lead to ... Medicine, Medical Oncology and Palliative Care, warns against the dangers of visceral fat. ...
(Date:5/2/2016)... ... 02, 2016 , ... The Sixth Annual Lifestyle Intervention Conference ... Hotel in Las Vegas, NV from October 17–19, 2016. The Nevada Chapter ... , This year’s conference will offer presentations featuring new treatment tracks, industry ...
(Date:5/2/2016)... ... May 02, 2016 , ... Atlantic Information Services, Inc. (AIS) is pleased ... Model Could Transform the Pharma Landscape .” CMS recently proposed a test of alternate ... provider-administered drugs while preserving care provided to beneficiaries. The webinar will review the details ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/28/2016)... NEW YORK , April 28, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... will notably complement the company,s valve repair and ... the move also places Abbott more firmly into ... one of the fastest growing device areas, with ... to its recent report,  Advanced Remote Patient ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... Calif. , April 28, 2016  Marking ... widely accessible breast and ovarian cancer risk test, ... panel analyzing 30 genes that highly impact the ... women. Available today, the Color Test analyzes hereditary ... prostate, stomach, and uterine cancers. The Color Test ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... , April 28, 2016  The blood testing market ... dollars, according to Kalorama Information and The Freedonia Group ... and nucleic acid testing.  The healthcare research firm said ... in developing blood collection stations and in improving testing ... Kalorama Information,s report, Blood Testing Market in ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: