HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Mathematical tools for predicting facial surgery results

Providence, RI---Cranio-maxillofacial surgery is a medical specialty focusing on facial and skull reconstruction. This surgery can help patients with such disorders as cleft palate, malformations of the upper or lower jaw, and problems with the facial skeleton due to injury. Intensive pre-operative planning is needed not only to ensure that the medical purposes of the surgery are achieved, but also to give patients a sense of what their faces will look like after the surgery is performed.

In their article "Mathematics in Facial Surgery," Peter Deuflhard, Martin Weiser, and Stefan Zachow (of the Konrad Zuse Zentrum (ZIB), Berlin) describe the mathematical techniques they have used to assist cranio-maxillofacial surgeons to predict the outcomes of surgery. These techniques have proven to be quite successful in producing predictions that end up matching well the post-operative outcomes.

The first step in the planning paradigm for such surgery is to use medical imaging data of the patient to construct a 3-dimensional computer model, called the "virtual patient". The second step, which is the one the article focuses on, uses the data to create a "virtual lab" in which various operative strategies can be tested. The last step is to play back to the patient the outcomes of the various strategies.

The second step in the paradigm requires modeling and solving partial differential equations (PDEs), which are equations that represent changing physical systems. One must identify which PDEs are appropriate for biomechanical modeling of soft facial tissue and bone. Standard methods for handling the equations need to be adapted for this particular application. One must also formulate ways to represent the interface between tissue and bone, as well as their interactions. Generally such PDEs cannot be solved exactly in closed form, so mathematics enters the picture once again to provide numer
'"/>

Contact: Dr. Peter Deuflhard
deuflhard@zib.de
49-308-418-5101
American Mathematical Society
26-Sep-2006


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. RAND, Health Dialog form alliance to create tools to evaluate health-care quality and efficiency
2. Mayo Clinic Cancer Center collaborating to find new tools to fight leukemia
3. Hearing loss and high-speed dental tools
4. Orlando meeting highlights work about making systems, tools, and products safe and easy to use
5. Promising diagnostic tools for multiple sclerosis developed at Yale
6. New tools used to control foodborne hepatitis A outbreaks related to green onions
7. Mental health following stroke, spinal cord injury; sensory evaluation tools
8. Patient navigation provide tools to address barriers to care but need standardization and assessment
9. Pitt receives $9 million to develop research tools that may aid drug discovery
10. NIST fire analysis tools featured in online training
11. Why predicting the next influenza pandemic is difficult and how scientists can best prepare

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Mathematical tools for predicting facial surgery results

(Date:1/22/2015)... Dallas, TX (PRWEB) January 22, 2015 ... the issue of experience and person-centeredness in the long-term ... moving towards action across the continuum. The paper, “The ... the Continuum,” engages perspectives and practices of the patient, ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... 2015 For over 20 years, Dr. David Cruz ... Vista area has treated just about every type of injury ... And for those same twenty-plus years, the team at ... injuries with the best possible doctor. With the combined ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... York, NY (PRWEB) January 22, 2015 ... College of Sports Medicine flagship journal Medicine & ... with L-Citrulline before exercise may help reduce gastrointestinal ... exercise. 1 , Participants in the double-blind, ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... 22, 2015 IsoComforter, Inc. has introduced the ... patented IsoTube design to treat specific body parts and muscle ... progressive and easy to use patented cold therapy machine with ... related orthopedic and muscle injuries. IsoComforter has become the ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... IPSWICH, Mass. (PRWEB) January 22, 2015 ... Association (AMA) are expanding their relationship in an effort ... journals around the world. While EBSCO has long made AMA ... as a sales agent for The JAMA Network. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:The Power of Person-Centeredness in Long-Term Care Explored by The Beryl Institute 2Health News:The Power of Person-Centeredness in Long-Term Care Explored by The Beryl Institute 3Health News:Industry Leading Chiropractor in Oceanside Joins the Doctors on Liens Network 2Health News:Study Shows Kyowa Hakko’s L-Citrulline May Help Reduce Gastrointestinal Injury During Strenuous Exercise 2Health News:Study Shows Kyowa Hakko’s L-Citrulline May Help Reduce Gastrointestinal Injury During Strenuous Exercise 3Health News:IsoComforter Introduces Best of Class Cold Therapy Product to the Worldwide Market 2Health News:EBSCO Expands Partnership with the American Medical Association 2Health News:EBSCO Expands Partnership with the American Medical Association 3Health News:EBSCO Expands Partnership with the American Medical Association 4
(Date:1/23/2015)... 2015  The Partnership to Fight Chronic Disease (PFCD) released a public ... and a new study analyzing the impact of increased cost sharing ... coalition working to educate policy makers and the public on the ... focused on how the Iowa healthcare exchange ...
(Date:1/23/2015)... Jan. 23, 2015 More than a third of reproductive-aged ... those with private insurance, filled a prescription for an opioid ... in this week,s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR). ... to treat moderate to severe pain.  They are also found ...
(Date:1/23/2015)... GAINESVILLE, Fla. , Jan. 23, 2015  HyGreen, Inc., ... distribution agreement and partnership with RCA Medical, a subsidiary ... Africa . Each year, hundreds of ... health care-associated infections as organisms are transmitted from patient ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:New research shows Iowa health exchange would benefit from improvements 2New research shows Iowa health exchange would benefit from improvements 3Opioid painkillers widely prescribed among reproductive age women 2Opioid painkillers widely prescribed among reproductive age women 3HyGreen Partners with RCA Medical in Johannesburg, South Africa 2
Cached News: