HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Mathematical tools for predicting facial surgery results

Providence, RI---Cranio-maxillofacial surgery is a medical specialty focusing on facial and skull reconstruction. This surgery can help patients with such disorders as cleft palate, malformations of the upper or lower jaw, and problems with the facial skeleton due to injury. Intensive pre-operative planning is needed not only to ensure that the medical purposes of the surgery are achieved, but also to give patients a sense of what their faces will look like after the surgery is performed.

In their article "Mathematics in Facial Surgery," Peter Deuflhard, Martin Weiser, and Stefan Zachow (of the Konrad Zuse Zentrum (ZIB), Berlin) describe the mathematical techniques they have used to assist cranio-maxillofacial surgeons to predict the outcomes of surgery. These techniques have proven to be quite successful in producing predictions that end up matching well the post-operative outcomes.

The first step in the planning paradigm for such surgery is to use medical imaging data of the patient to construct a 3-dimensional computer model, called the "virtual patient". The second step, which is the one the article focuses on, uses the data to create a "virtual lab" in which various operative strategies can be tested. The last step is to play back to the patient the outcomes of the various strategies.

The second step in the paradigm requires modeling and solving partial differential equations (PDEs), which are equations that represent changing physical systems. One must identify which PDEs are appropriate for biomechanical modeling of soft facial tissue and bone. Standard methods for handling the equations need to be adapted for this particular application. One must also formulate ways to represent the interface between tissue and bone, as well as their interactions. Generally such PDEs cannot be solved exactly in closed form, so mathematics enters the picture once again to provide numer
'"/>

Contact: Dr. Peter Deuflhard
deuflhard@zib.de
49-308-418-5101
American Mathematical Society
26-Sep-2006


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. RAND, Health Dialog form alliance to create tools to evaluate health-care quality and efficiency
2. Mayo Clinic Cancer Center collaborating to find new tools to fight leukemia
3. Hearing loss and high-speed dental tools
4. Orlando meeting highlights work about making systems, tools, and products safe and easy to use
5. Promising diagnostic tools for multiple sclerosis developed at Yale
6. New tools used to control foodborne hepatitis A outbreaks related to green onions
7. Mental health following stroke, spinal cord injury; sensory evaluation tools
8. Patient navigation provide tools to address barriers to care but need standardization and assessment
9. Pitt receives $9 million to develop research tools that may aid drug discovery
10. NIST fire analysis tools featured in online training
11. Why predicting the next influenza pandemic is difficult and how scientists can best prepare

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... CloudLIMS.com, a class-leading ... LIMS, CloudLIMS Lite. CloudLIMS Lite helps biobanks, clinical, research and testing laboratories keep ... disposal. The new version is a faster and a more efficient product, allowing ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... Cleveland, OH (PRWEB) , ... December 02, 2016 ... ... provider of veterinarian diagnostic imaging systems and the first company to ... Robot With a Heart at their tradeshow booth # 941 for the American ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... PA (PRWEB) , ... December 02, 2016 , ... Rijuven ... stress and overall health, day and night. No other wearable health technology on the ... We wanted to give poeple more meaningful insights about their health than the ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... , ... "Pro3rd Accents Volume 2 is a set of 30 accented lower ... just a few clicks of the mouse," said Christina Austin - CEO of Pixel ... from various styles with accented animations, rigid boxes, simplistic lines, and more. In Addition, ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... Miami, FL (PRWEB) , ... December 02, 2016 ... ... over 5,100 hot meals to needy individuals and families from eight different sites ... Florida on Thanksgiving Day. Over 1,000 volunteers worked very hard on Thanksgiving morning ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2016)... 2016 Research and Markets has ... Neuromodulation, Neurovascular, Neurosurgical and Monitoring Devices 2017 - MedView" ... ... The full report suite on the U.S. market for neurological ... intracranial pressure monitoring devices, detachable coils, liquid embolics, catheters, guidewires, ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... -- Millennium Dental Technologies, Inc. announced that it has again filed ... the State of California , County of ... California,s Uniform Trade Secrets act, Unfair Competition ... which are untrue and misleading, as well as other wrongdoings ... second time in three years that Millennium found it necessary ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... November 30, 2016 Global Negative Pressure Wound Therapy Devices Market ... from 2016 to 2022, according to new research published by Allied Market Research. ... industry. The conventional NPWT devices segment is expected to maintain its lead throughout the ... ... Allied Market Research Logo ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: