HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Mathematical tools for predicting facial surgery results

Providence, RI---Cranio-maxillofacial surgery is a medical specialty focusing on facial and skull reconstruction. This surgery can help patients with such disorders as cleft palate, malformations of the upper or lower jaw, and problems with the facial skeleton due to injury. Intensive pre-operative planning is needed not only to ensure that the medical purposes of the surgery are achieved, but also to give patients a sense of what their faces will look like after the surgery is performed.

In their article "Mathematics in Facial Surgery," Peter Deuflhard, Martin Weiser, and Stefan Zachow (of the Konrad Zuse Zentrum (ZIB), Berlin) describe the mathematical techniques they have used to assist cranio-maxillofacial surgeons to predict the outcomes of surgery. These techniques have proven to be quite successful in producing predictions that end up matching well the post-operative outcomes.

The first step in the planning paradigm for such surgery is to use medical imaging data of the patient to construct a 3-dimensional computer model, called the "virtual patient". The second step, which is the one the article focuses on, uses the data to create a "virtual lab" in which various operative strategies can be tested. The last step is to play back to the patient the outcomes of the various strategies.

The second step in the paradigm requires modeling and solving partial differential equations (PDEs), which are equations that represent changing physical systems. One must identify which PDEs are appropriate for biomechanical modeling of soft facial tissue and bone. Standard methods for handling the equations need to be adapted for this particular application. One must also formulate ways to represent the interface between tissue and bone, as well as their interactions. Generally such PDEs cannot be solved exactly in closed form, so mathematics enters the picture once again to provide numer
'"/>

Contact: Dr. Peter Deuflhard
deuflhard@zib.de
49-308-418-5101
American Mathematical Society
26-Sep-2006


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. RAND, Health Dialog form alliance to create tools to evaluate health-care quality and efficiency
2. Mayo Clinic Cancer Center collaborating to find new tools to fight leukemia
3. Hearing loss and high-speed dental tools
4. Orlando meeting highlights work about making systems, tools, and products safe and easy to use
5. Promising diagnostic tools for multiple sclerosis developed at Yale
6. New tools used to control foodborne hepatitis A outbreaks related to green onions
7. Mental health following stroke, spinal cord injury; sensory evaluation tools
8. Patient navigation provide tools to address barriers to care but need standardization and assessment
9. Pitt receives $9 million to develop research tools that may aid drug discovery
10. NIST fire analysis tools featured in online training
11. Why predicting the next influenza pandemic is difficult and how scientists can best prepare

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... A new analysis of community health data reveals ... located in the Midwest. With the average cost of healthcare rising and the U.S. ... both the quality and affordability of where they live. An annual 2017 report looked ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... , ... Yisrayl Hawkins, Pastor and Overseer at The House of Yahweh in ... Peace Agreements being discussed by President Donald Trump and the rest of the world. ... speed up peace talks in the continuous battle between Israel and Palestine. The world’s ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... ... Cross”: the personal journey of Bob Massey and his faith in the Lord. “THE ... Massey. Bob Massey is small in stature but big in character. As Johnny ... others is apparent in all of his life decisions. , “I’m in the eightieth ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... N.J. (PRWEB) , ... May 24, 2017 , ... ... Clara Maass Medical Center CEO Mary Ellen, hospital employees, and town officials to ... Belleville. , The facility was developed by Rendina as part of its ongoing ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... NY (PRWEB) , ... May 24, 2017 , ... ... of dental implants in Bayside, NY, who have now spent 10 years as ... the New York University (NYU) College of Dentistry. Through the program, private practitioners ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/10/2017)... GLEN BURNIE, Md. , May 10, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... and retention solutions for the clinical research industry, is ... website, www.CSSiEnroll.com . The new website features both ... better overall user experience and enhances the company,s already ... in the industry. "After many months ...
(Date:5/9/2017)...  Semler Scientific, Inc. (OTCQB: SMLR), an emerging ... the clinical effectiveness and efficiency of healthcare providers, ... ended March 31, 2017. "We ... identify when preventive care options are appropriate, which ... attacks or strokes occur," said Doug Murphy-Chutorian ...
(Date:5/6/2017)...  May is Stroke Awareness Month and Omron Healthcare ... methods to prevent a stroke: monitor and manage your ... and Prevention, undetected and uncontrolled hypertension is a leading ... leader in personal heart health technology, recently evolved its ... and stroke and is advancing a national public education ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: