HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Mental-state reasoning is universal milestone in child development

On this boring Wednesday afternoon, nothing would entertain a young child more than to play a joke on the babysitter. The sitter always keeps her lunch in her purse; so when she leaves the room, the little prankster quickly hides it under the couch. When the babysitter returns, where will she look first? Whether from Canada or Thailand, 3-year-old children will most likely guess under the couch; it will not be until the ripe old age of 5 that they know that the babysitter will look for her lunch right where she left it.

A major social-cognitive achievement of young children is the understanding that other people act on the basis of their own representations of reality rather than on the basis of reality itself. Developmental psychologists have explored the refinement of mental-state reasoning in children, typically by measuring their ability to pass false-belief tasks, such as the example above. Yet previous research has only been conducted in Western cultures, where children pass such tests around the age of 5. New research reveals that children reach this false-belief milestone at about the same age the world over.

The findings appear in the report, "Synchrony in the Onset of Mental-State Reasoning: Evidence from Five Cultures," published in the May 2005 issue of Psychological Science, a journal of the American Psychological Society. Researchers Tara Callaghan, St. Francis Xavier University; Mary Louise Claux, Catholic University of Peru; Shoji Itakura, Kyoto University; Angeline Lillard, University of Virginia; Hal Odden, Emory University; Philippe Rochat, Emory University; Saraswati Singh, M.K.P. College; and Sombat Tapanya, Chiang Mai University, tested the false-belief understanding of children in Canada, India, Peru, Samoa, and Thailand.

The test group consisted of 267 children, approximately 50 from each country, ranging from 30 to 72 months in age. The false-belief task involved the following test: One experimenter hid a trinket such
'"/>

Contact: Tara Callaghan
tcallagh@stfx.ca
Association for Psychological Science
28-Jul-2005


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Threats to hope -- Desperation affects reasoning about product information
2. UK and other European countries should introduce universal childhood hepatitis B vaccination
3. Study recommends universal newborn screening for cystic fibrosis
4. Hopkins scientists show hallucinogen in mushrooms creates universal mystical experience
5. Time for Britain to adopt universal hepatitis B immunisation
6. Team discovers possible universal strategy to combat addiction
7. Even in Canadas universal health plan, wealth effects hospitalization
8. U of M reaches milestone in diabetes research using pig islets
9. GroPep completes final milestone of the path malaria vaccine initiative
10. Scientific societies applaud new milestone in bringing online research to the public
11. Launch milestone achieved: Last-ever look at CryoSat

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:7/18/2020)... BEACH, Calif. (PRWEB) , ... July 17, 2020 , ... A June 2 article ... show, Botched, to seek help for her mishandled breast augmentations. The article says that her ... as she had assumed. The woman then found a surgeon to revise her procedure, only ...
(Date:7/18/2020)... ... July 17, 2020 , ... “Frozen.” It’s not simply the title of ... oftentimes for unknown reasons – resulting in stiffness, persistent pain and loss of range ... treating problems of the upper limbs and joints and founder and chief medical officer ...
(Date:7/18/2020)... ... July 17, 2020 , ... Nader Sanai, M.D., director of the Ivy Brain ... the second annual Glioblastoma Awareness Day (#GBMDay) on July 22, 2020 to raise national ... of glioblastoma , the most common and aggressive form of brain cancer. It ...
(Date:7/18/2020)... ... 18, 2020 , ... The Dentists, LLC is an established general dental practice ... years. NJ Top Dentists, Dr. Georgette Bennardo-Meggelin and Dr. Aliza E. Staiman lead a ... , “We are committed to making our patients’ treatment comfortable and enjoyable. We take ...
(Date:7/10/2020)... ... July 10, 2020 , ... ... in line with Circularity Healthcare’s mission to provide real and affordable healthcare ... to help prevent future pandemics by ending the commercial trade in wild animals, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:7/10/2020)... ... 2020 , ... COMPLIANCY GROUP in its continued efforts to ... associates create, receive, transmit, store, and maintain protected health information (PHI) on behalf ... HIPAA compliant, ensuring the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of PHI. , HIPAA ...
(Date:7/10/2020)... ... July 09, 2020 , ... The team at The Keyhole Heart ... redesigned website. The new site offers a multitude of user enhancements and streamlined navigation ... available with easy to navigate menus which will allow patients to find the information ...
(Date:7/10/2020)... ... July 10, 2020 , ... ... leading review of business and technology for the pharmaceutical industry throughout North ... manufacturing of the highest quality pharmaceutical products. QC Corner will ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: