HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Mental-state reasoning is universal milestone in child development

On this boring Wednesday afternoon, nothing would entertain a young child more than to play a joke on the babysitter. The sitter always keeps her lunch in her purse; so when she leaves the room, the little prankster quickly hides it under the couch. When the babysitter returns, where will she look first? Whether from Canada or Thailand, 3-year-old children will most likely guess under the couch; it will not be until the ripe old age of 5 that they know that the babysitter will look for her lunch right where she left it.

A major social-cognitive achievement of young children is the understanding that other people act on the basis of their own representations of reality rather than on the basis of reality itself. Developmental psychologists have explored the refinement of mental-state reasoning in children, typically by measuring their ability to pass false-belief tasks, such as the example above. Yet previous research has only been conducted in Western cultures, where children pass such tests around the age of 5. New research reveals that children reach this false-belief milestone at about the same age the world over.

The findings appear in the report, "Synchrony in the Onset of Mental-State Reasoning: Evidence from Five Cultures," published in the May 2005 issue of Psychological Science, a journal of the American Psychological Society. Researchers Tara Callaghan, St. Francis Xavier University; Mary Louise Claux, Catholic University of Peru; Shoji Itakura, Kyoto University; Angeline Lillard, University of Virginia; Hal Odden, Emory University; Philippe Rochat, Emory University; Saraswati Singh, M.K.P. College; and Sombat Tapanya, Chiang Mai University, tested the false-belief understanding of children in Canada, India, Peru, Samoa, and Thailand.

The test group consisted of 267 children, approximately 50 from each country, ranging from 30 to 72 months in age. The false-belief task involved the following test: One experimenter hid a trinket such
'"/>

Contact: Tara Callaghan
tcallagh@stfx.ca
Association for Psychological Science
28-Jul-2005


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Threats to hope -- Desperation affects reasoning about product information
2. UK and other European countries should introduce universal childhood hepatitis B vaccination
3. Study recommends universal newborn screening for cystic fibrosis
4. Hopkins scientists show hallucinogen in mushrooms creates universal mystical experience
5. Time for Britain to adopt universal hepatitis B immunisation
6. Team discovers possible universal strategy to combat addiction
7. Even in Canadas universal health plan, wealth effects hospitalization
8. U of M reaches milestone in diabetes research using pig islets
9. GroPep completes final milestone of the path malaria vaccine initiative
10. Scientific societies applaud new milestone in bringing online research to the public
11. Launch milestone achieved: Last-ever look at CryoSat

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Mental state reasoning universal milestone child development

(Date:1/22/2015)... Padre Murphy's and Owner Tom Boyle in Glendale, AZ ... Alliance (PPHA). The PPHA's passion for others' well-being and ... greats, treated for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has propelled them ... in the valley. The most recent plans for an event ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... 2015 The Incredible Bulk is a revolutionary ... increase lean muscle by up to 30lbs in less than ... of HealthyandFitZone.com’s Stan Stevenson, prompting an investigative review. , “Our ... step-by-step, scientific diet formula that allows the body to pack ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Minnesota (Blue ... means to “Live Fearless.” , The “Faces of ... stories about how they or someone they know has faced ... in the moment. By telling these types of stories through ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... The federal court overseeing thousands of vaginal mesh ... District of West Virginia has upheld a $2 million verdict ... trial. In an Order dated January 21st, the Court denied ... C.R. Bard had not proven a miscarriage of justice. (Cisson ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... TX (PRWEB) January 22, 2015 A ... issue of experience and person-centeredness in the long-term care ... towards action across the continuum. The paper, “The Power ... Continuum,” engages perspectives and practices of the patient, resident ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Padre Murphy's Holds NFL Retired Players Association Party Star Studded Event With Bud Light and Pro Player Health Alliance Sponsoring 2Health News:Padre Murphy's Holds NFL Retired Players Association Party Star Studded Event With Bud Light and Pro Player Health Alliance Sponsoring 3Health News:The Incredible Bulk: Review Examining Ben Pakulski’s Brand New Bulking Muscle Building Diet Program Released 2Health News:Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Minnesota to Showcase “Faces of Fearless” 2Health News:Court Upholds $2 Million Vaginal Mesh Lawsuit Verdict Levied Against C.R. Bard in First Federal Bellwether Trial, Bernstein Liebhard LLP Reports 2Health News:Court Upholds $2 Million Vaginal Mesh Lawsuit Verdict Levied Against C.R. Bard in First Federal Bellwether Trial, Bernstein Liebhard LLP Reports 3Health News:Court Upholds $2 Million Vaginal Mesh Lawsuit Verdict Levied Against C.R. Bard in First Federal Bellwether Trial, Bernstein Liebhard LLP Reports 4Health News:The Power of Person-Centeredness in Long-Term Care Explored by The Beryl Institute 2Health News:The Power of Person-Centeredness in Long-Term Care Explored by The Beryl Institute 3
(Date:1/23/2015)... 23, 2015   Leatt Corporation  (OTCQB: LEAT), a global ... all forms of sports, including extreme motor sports, and ... today that the UISP Lega Motociclismo Lombardia, an Italian ... to wear a neck brace during its racing competitions.  ...
(Date:1/23/2015)... Jan. 23, 2015  Mallinckrodt plc (NYSE: MNK ... approved a share repurchase program. The open-ended authorization permits ... Mallinckrodt plc ordinary shares. "Funding additional ... priorities as we continue to pursue a range of ...
(Date:1/23/2015)... LONDON and BOSTON , January ... structure-guided drug discovery and development company, is delighted to announce ... has been awarded to Miles Congreve (Vice President ... co-founder) and Malcolm Weir (Chief Executive Officer and ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:Leatt Announces Neck Braces Now Required For Motocross/Minicross Racing In Italy 2Leatt Announces Neck Braces Now Required For Motocross/Minicross Racing In Italy 3Mallinckrodt plc Announces Share Repurchase Program 2Mallinckrodt plc Announces Share Repurchase Program 3Mallinckrodt plc Announces Share Repurchase Program 4Heptares Scientists to Receive the Malcolm Campbell Memorial Prize for 2015 in Recognition of Their Outstanding Contribution to GPCR Drug Discovery 2Heptares Scientists to Receive the Malcolm Campbell Memorial Prize for 2015 in Recognition of Their Outstanding Contribution to GPCR Drug Discovery 3Heptares Scientists to Receive the Malcolm Campbell Memorial Prize for 2015 in Recognition of Their Outstanding Contribution to GPCR Drug Discovery 4
Cached News: