Miniature implanted devices could treat epilepsy, glaucoma


"We looked at the equivalent of the amount of skin that you have on your scalp, which is about 2 or 3 millimeters," Irazoqui said. "We have demonstrated that the transmitter does penetrate the thickness of tissue that would be required for this application."

The smaller the power consumption, the smaller the battery, which is critical for implantable devices. The battery in the Purdue device is about the size of a nickel. The signals are amplified, digitized and transmitted to the external receiver.

The research represents half of a larger collaboration at Purdue focusing on creating a neuroprosthesis that dispenses a neurotransmitter called GABA and calms the brain once the onset of a seizure is detected. This work is a collaboration between Irazoqui and Jenna Rickus, an assistant professor of biomedical engineering.

The technology is designed to prevent an epileptic "focal seizure," which starts in a specific area of the brain but can then quickly spread to the rest of the brain "like a brush fire," Irazoqui said.

"Once you find out where that focal area is, if you know the seizure is about to start you can suppress the seizure," he said.

Rickus has developed a "living electrode" coated with specially engineered neurons that, when stimulated, releases the neurotransmitter to inhibit the seizure. The engineered neurons are living tissue stimulated with a microchip.

Rickus and Irazoqui have shown that a certain amount of electrical current causes the neurons to release specific and controllable quantities of neurotransmitter.

"The idea is that by using an engineered cell to release a neurotransmitter, we have a drug pump, in essence, that automatically refills itself and that only impacts the part of the brain where the living electrode is implanted: the epileptic focus," Irazoqui said. "So you are not going to get the side effects that you get by washing the entire body in a particu

Contact: Emil Venere
Purdue University

Page: 1 2 3 4 5

Related medicine news :

1. Are one-third of costly implanted heart devices unnecessary? New study suggests yes
2. NHLBI and NIH statements on totally implanted permanent artificial heart
3. New implanted contacts designed to fix nearsightedness
4. Test identifies best candidates for implanted cardiac defibrillator, screens out those not helped
5. Magnetic probe successfully tracks implanted cells in cancer patients
6. New mechanical heart implanted at the MUHC
7. New insights into cost-effectiveness of implanted heart device
8. Chinese children with hearing devices benefit from new speech test
9. Home health care devices focus of FDA Conference at UH
10. Spanish project AmIVital creates intelligent communication devices for elderly and disabled people
11. All intravascular devices pose risk of bloodstream infection to patients, study finds

Post Your Comments:

(Date:11/25/2015)... ... 25, 2015 , ... As part of a global movement ... volunteers together who want to combine talents and resources to help create sustainable ... process. The non-profit launched its first major fundraiser on November 6, 2015 at ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Medical Solutions, one of ... its stellar workplace culture with the company’s Cincinnati office being named a finalist ... office was named a finalist in Cincinnati Business Courier’s 13th annual Greater Cincinnati ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 26, 2015 , ... ... Union Commission (AUC), European Union (EU), ANDI Pan African Centres of Excellence, and ... Office in Nairobi (UNON) for the opening of the 5th African Network for ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... CA (PRWEB) , ... November 25, 2015 , ... According ... Vinci surgical robot is being more and more widely heralded as a breakthrough for ... da Vinci method has over traditional laparoscopic surgery is that it can greatly reduce ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... , ... On November 25, 2015, officials of Narconon Arrowhead , the ... of a new cutting edge recovery program that has been 50 years in the ... alcohol-addicted individuals with the purpose to free addicts from the symptoms and negative behaviors ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/25/2015)... 2015  The total global healthcare industry is expected to ... Latin America has the highest projected growth ... Japan ), is second with growth projected at ... increased healthcare expenditure. In 2013-2014, total government funded healthcare was ... 2008-2009 to 41.2% in 2013-2014. In real terms, out of ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... WASHINGTON , Nov. 25, 2015  The ... Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), and the March of ... bipartisan Protecting Our Infants Act of 2015 ... the number of newborns born exposed to drugs, ... Since the bill,s introduction, all three organizations have ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... AAIPharma Services Corp./Cambridge Major Laboratories, Inc. ... $15.8  Million to expand its laboratories and global ... The expansion will provide additional office space and ... of the pharmaceutical and biotechnology markets. ... up to 40,000 square feet of expanded development ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: