HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
New insight into cause of Crohn's disease

UK scientists have found evidence that suggests Crohn's disease is caused by a weak immune response. The researchers, who report their findings in an Article in this week's issue of The Lancet, also suggest that sildenafil (Viagra) might help in the treatment of the disease.

Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory disorder that causes ulcerations in the small and large intestines. Many scientists consider Crohn's to be an autoimmune disease--an illness that occurs when the body tissues are attacked by its own immune system. However, Anthony Segal (University College London, UK) and colleagues have found that, counter intuitively, the inflammation in Crohn's arises due to a weak immune response.

The investigators looked at the quantities of neutrophils (white blood cells) that patients with Crohn's disease produce in response to trauma at sites in the bowel (intestinal biopsy) and on the skin surface (skin abrasion). They found that in response to trauma, Crohn's disease patients produced much lower quantities of neutrophils and inflammatory mediators when compared with healthy individuals. Cultured blood cells were also abnormal in the patients. To test the inflammatory response to bacteria, the team also measured local inflammatory and blood flow changes in participants after injecting a harmless form of Escherichia Coli under their skin. In the healthy controls, blood flow in the area of inflammation increased approximately ten-fold by 24 hours. Crohn's disease patients, however, had much lower blood flow than controls. The researchers found that the abnormally low blood flow in Crohn's patients could be corrected by treatment with Viagra, indicating a possible role for the drug in the treatment of the disease.

The authors believe that in Crohn's disease, reduced or delayed recruitment of neutrophils to sites at which bacteria penetrate the intestinal wall might lead to the persistence of bacteria and other organic debris in the tissue.
'"/>

Contact: Joe Santangelo
j.santangelo@elsevier.com
212-633-3810
Lancet
23-Feb-2006


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Sports concussion research using fMRI provides insight for safe return-to-play decisions
2. Better insight into brain anatomical structures
3. New insights into chronic inflammation and atherosclerosis
4. New insights into autoimmunity and depression
5. NIAID media availability: Examining genetic variability of malaria parasite offers insight
6. Functional brain imaging insights from UC San Diego grad student
7. More insight into Alzheimers disease with Stanford discovery of possible cause
8. Sticky proteins provide new insight into drug action
9. Laser probe of a brain pigments anatomy may offer insight into Parkinsons disease
10. New insights into the impact of pregnancy on inflammatory arthritis
11. Amnesiac study offers insights into how working memory works

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:6/24/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... Those who ... with these feelings, many turn to unhealthy avenues, such as drug or alcohol abuse, ... Marne, Michigan, has released tools for healthy coping following a traumatic event. , Trauma ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... The Pulmonary Hypertension Association (PHA) ... will receive two significant new grants to support its work to advance research ... anniversary by recognizing patients, medical professionals and scientists for their work in fighting ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Diego, CA (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... with the American Cancer Society and the Road To Recovery® program to drive cancer ... to seniors and other adults to ensure the highest quality of life and ongoing ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... at the Clinical Decision Making in Emergency Medicine conference in Ponte Vedra Beach, ... journal articles published in Emergency Medicine Practice and Pediatric Emergency Medicine ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Strategic Capital Partners, LLC ... by obtaining investment capital for emerging technology companies. SCP has delivered investment ... resulted in more than a million dollars of capital investment for five companies. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... Ill. , June 23, 2016  In a startling report ... are failing their residents by lacking a comprehensive, proven plan to ... a definitive ranking of how states are tackling the worst ... to only four states – Kentucky , ... Vermont . Of the 28 failing states, three ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016 ... CAPR ), a biotechnology company focused on the ... announced that patient enrollment in its ongoing randomized ... has exceeded 50% of its 24-patient target. Capricor ... the third quarter of 2016, and to report ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... , , , WHEN: ... , , , , LOCATION: , , , Online, with ... , EXPERT PANELISTS:  , , , Frost & Sullivan,s Global Vice ... Senior Industry Analyst, Divyaa Ravishankar and Unmesh Lal, Program Manager , ... industry is witnessing an exceptional era. Several new demand spaces, such ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: