The Italian and Swiss authors, writing in Annals of Oncology (Wednesday 13 July), conclude that the lung cancer epidemic among women in Europe will probably not reach the levels experienced in the USA, where it is the leading cause of cancer death among women. However, Europe will still have to implement effective ways of controlling smoking if it is to avoid a major female lung cancer epidemic.
Lead author Dr Cristina Bosetti, a senior epidemiologist and biostatistician at Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri in Milan, said: "Although trends in lung cancer mortality in various European countries have been published before, this is the first comprehensive picture of female trends and we have been able to include the most recent available data and, in particular, focus on patterns among younger women."
The study examined trends over the lasts four decades in 33 countries (including the 25 EU states as of May 2004) to provide world aged-standardised rates per 100,000 at all ages and for two (overlapping) age groups 20 to 44 and 35 to 64.
In the 25 EU countries mortality rose by over a fifth (23.8%) between the early 1980s and the early 1990s up from 7.8 to 9.6 per 100,000. From the early 1990s it rose by a further 16% to reach 11.2 per 100,000 in the year 20002001. [Rates for women in the USA had reached 24 per 100,000 in the year 2000 and few European countries have comparably high rates].
Only six European countries England, Wales, Latvia, Lithuania, Russia and Ukraine showed a fall over the last decade although in several countries the upward trend was slowi
Contact: Margaret Willson
European Society for Medical Oncology