HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Newly discovered killer cell fights cancer

the invaders.

It was while investigating a particular type of dendritic cell that Housseau noticed the outer membranes of these cells were studded with what were supposed to be hallmarks of NK cells, akin to finding feathers on a dog.

"We thought we were looking at dendritic cells, but we were wrong - they were some type of NK-dendritic cell blend," says Housseau. The blended cell turned out to be a newly identified actor on the immune system stage that retains all the molecular characteristics of both NK and dendritic cells.

Probing further, Housseau scoured the surface of IKDCs to create a sketch of its molecular profile. He found that it produces both types of interferon proteins, normally secreted independently by NK and dendritic cells. He also found both NK and dendriticlike molecules on the surface of IKDCs. Housseau calculated that they account for about 10 percent of conventional dendritic cells in the spleen.

IKDCs begin their lives behaving like an NK cell. After the cell encounters a pathogen, the cell switches roles from killer to dendriticlike messenger, and, according to the researchers, the swap occurs only once. Then, the cell dies and is replenished by the bone marrow.

"When an IKDC cell switches to its messenger function, the transformation is quite astonishing," says Pardoll. The cell sprouts long, hairy tentacles called dendrites. It uses its "arms" to increase the amount of surface area it reaches to communicate and interact with other immune cells.

In the next step of their investigation, the scientists tracked the location of fluorescent-tagged IKDCs and their corresponding stage of transformation after infecting mice with bacteria called listeria. In assassin-mode, the IKDCs were found in the blood, lining of the gut, liver and other organs - all areas where there is close contact with environmental pathogens. "Here, IKDCs are ready to sense invaders and spring into action," says
'"/>

Contact: Vanessa Wasta
wastava@jhmi.edu
410-955-1287
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions
3-Mar-2006


Page: 1 2 3

Related medicine news :

1. Newly discovered behavior in cancer cells signals dangerous metastasis
2. Newly discovered gene may predict aggressive ovarian cancer
3. Newly published summer camp health guideline advises parents, camp directors
4. Newly developed treatment for severe grief shown more effective than standard therapy
5. Newly discovered branding process helps immune system cells pick their fights
6. New cause of tamoxifen resistance in breast cancer cells discovered at Lombardi
7. Mechanism of hallucinogens effects discovered
8. New dopamine brain target discovered
9. Treatment discovered for deadly childhood disease
10. New study finds no link between Kawasaki disease and newly discovered coronavirus
11. Emotional control circuit of brains fear response discovered

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:6/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... June 23, 2017 , ... ... plastic surgeon practicing in Newburgh, New York, has recently begun offering three new ... to offering the best cutting-edge procedures and reducing downtime, Dr. Rubinstein is excited ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... Everybody has their own personal preference when it ... it, and some people don't like it at all. FindaTopDoc took a look at ... Erotic literature can give readers a taste of their deepest, darkest fantasies and has ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... The Aesthetic Channel has recently highlighted Dr. Ben ... up with a proprietary technique that he calls the AuraLyft Facelift. The ... all ages, patients can expect to look refreshed, rejuvenated, and revitalized. , Dr. ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... June 23, 2017 , ... ... Breast Cancer Conference from Sept. 18 to 20. , The two-day conference is ... subtype with the goal of improving patients’ lives and eliminating racial breast cancer-related ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... , ... June 23, 2017 , ... MD Now ... This is MD Now’s 28th facility overall and marks the urgent care center's eighth ... one mile North of The Falls shopping mall. The new clinic offers a wide ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/30/2017)... DarioHealth Corp. (NASDAQ: DRIO), a leading global digital health ... it will be presenting at the 7th annual LD Micro Invitational ... Raphael , CEO, of DarioHealth will be giving the presentation and ... June 6th & 7th, 2017 at the Luxe Sunset Bel Air ... space. About LD Micro LD ...
(Date:5/29/2017)... 2017  Cellect Biotechnology Ltd. (NASDAQ: APOP ... the functional selection of stem cells, today provided a ... quarter ended March 31 st , 2017. ... the first quarter of 2017," said Dr. Shai Yarkoni, ... the treatment of the first blood cancer patient in ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... 24, 2017  ivWatch LLC today announced the ... Board to enable seamless integration of ivWatch,s groundbreaking ... infusion pumps and other devices. By integrating ivWatch ... to help health care customers deliver a higher ... to IV therapy. "The ivWatch OEM ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: