A safe agricultural system is critical to national security, but U.S. crops, a cornerstone of our nation's economy, are vulnerable to attack. Plant pathogens that are devastating to crops elsewhere, but are not yet present in the U.S., could be easily obtained by terrorists. Potential costs of a terrorist attack include reductions in crop yield and quality, increased production costs and food prices, financial instability of rural communities, and loss of public confidence in the food supply. Fletcher will discuss strategies currently in place and what is still needed to keep U.S. crops safe.
The livestock industry contributes hundreds of billions of dollars to the U.S. economy annually. For years, we have protected our herds and flocks very effectively from both natural and accidentally-introduced disease. Yet, our own efficiency in this shrinking world and in this age of terrorism has made us ever more vulnerable. Franz will discuss vulnerabilities, threats and some technical and non-technical considerations.
Agricultural biosecurity threats can be intentional or inadvertent. This presentation will consider biosecurity issues according to the nature of the threat, the agricultural crop, and the stage of the value-added chain. It will discuss approaches to strengthening incentives to take efficient actions. Particular attention will be paid to