This study randomized 73 children in India with viral gastroenteritis to receive Gatorade, Pedialyte or a new oral rehydration solution with carbohydrates, sodium and potassium for 48 hours. The children also received a diet of yogurt and rice. Of the 61 children between ages 5 and 12 who completed the study, stool frequency, stool consistency and body weight improved in children taking all three of the solutions, and there was no difference among the solutions. The researchers found that all three solutions were safe. When asked to rate the taste, the patients rated Gatorade and the new solution higher than Pedialyte. The study was supported by a grant from The Gatorade Sports Science Institute.
A potassium deficiency, known as hypokalemia, persisted in a few patients receiving Gatorade after 48 hours. Patients who experienced hyponatremia, an electrolyte disturbance, experienced persisting symptoms for all three solutions. According to Dr. Rao, "A small number of patients with dehydration may have significant electrolyte disturbances. As they continue to rehydrate with oral rehydration solutions, a portion may continue to experience electrolyte imbalances, and additional treatment may be necessary."
About Actue Viral Gastroenteritis
Acute viral gastroenteritis, an inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, is an illness of fever, diarrhea and/or vomiting caused by an infectious virus. It usually is of acute onset, normally las