The risk of having endometrial cancer increases with obesity, thyroid alterations, hypercholesterolemia and mellitus
diabetes. The probabilities of contracting this disease are also increased in those women who have a family history of this type of cancer and also with the consumption of animal fat, visceras and smoked fish. This is what Pamplona doctor Roco Montejo concluded in her PhD Estudio caso control sobre factores de risgo en el cncer de endometrio
(Controlled case study of risk factors in cancer of the endometrium), defended recently at the Public University of Navarra.
Cancer linked with development
Cancer of the endometrium (the lining of the uterus) is more common in the more economically developed countries. The highest incidences are in countries like Luxembourg or the United States, where there is a lot of obesity, more diabetes and hypertension, etc. It is an ailment linked to "the good life". Spain occupies an intermediate position in the world ranking for this disease.
In this context, Roco Montejo set out in her PhD to assess the influence of diet and other risk factors for this type of cancer, based on analyses of cases occurring in Navarre. The research concluded that the risk of contracting endometrial cancer increases with obesity, thyroid alterations, hypercholesterolemia and mellitus diabetes and in those women who have a family history of this type of cancer
Nevertheless, it is notable that the results of the research show that tobacco diminishes the risk of contracting endometrial cancer. However, these results should not be misinterpreted.
Tobacco at a fertile age prevents endometrial cancer, apparently because it lowers oestrogen levels - the reason why women smokers are more prone to osteoporosis and early menopause. Moreover, it has to be taken into account that tobacco increases the possibilities of other types of tumour pathologies and cardiovascular problems.
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Contact: Garazi Andonegi
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