g the influence of smoking on these results, corroborating those obtained in previous research, this PhD also showed that passive smoking, at home or in the workplace, contributes in diminishing the risk of contracting endometrial cancer.
Other factors reducing the risk of this pathology are having given birth at least once, the consumption of coffee as well as of alcoholic drinks in high quantities, given that moderate consumption has been shown to increase risk.
Regarding the influence of diet on this type of cancer, the consumption of animal fat, fatty acids, visceras, non-oily fish and smoked fish, oysters and clams increase the risk factor. However, the consumption of vegetables, oily fish, octopus, cod and alpha-carotenes reduce the risk.
Survey of 235 women from Navarre
The study was carried out with a sample of 48 cases of patients with cancer of the endometrium and 187 healthy women as a control group representative of the population and aged between 44 and 87 years of age.
The survey involved filling in a questionnaire concerning demographic and anthropological data and questions referring to smoking and passive smoking, alcohol consumption, gynaecological history, personal and family history of cancer, a questionnaire on the frequency of Willet foods validated by Martn Moreno, and a 24-question questionnaire on eating habits. In total, 9,906 variables were involved and applied using exact statistics techniques.
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