HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Scalpel-free surgery could reduce risk of HIV and hepatitis exposure for health care workers

While the incidence of disease from HIV and hepatitis is increasing in the United States, little is known about their prevalence in patients undergoing surgery. Now, researchers have shown that nearly 40 percent of surgeries at The Johns Hopkins Hospital occur in patients who tested positive for a bloodborne germ.

"While these rates are alarming, they are not entirely unexpected. General precautions have been in effect for some time to prevent the spread of disease to health care workers in the operating room," said Martin A. Makary, M.D., assistant professor of surgery and public health at Johns Hopkins and lead author of a report in the May 2005 issue of the Annals of Surgery.

"Given the high incidence of these infections, however, we have developed new strategies such as 'sharpless' surgery-a surgical technique which uses high-technology alternatives to needles and knives. We advocate using these techniques whenever possible in high-risk settings to further protect health care workers from accidental transmission," added Makary.

Sharpless surgical techniques include laparoscopy, electrocautery to replace scalpel incisions, and skin clips or glue instead of sewing to close or repair wounds.

Previous studies have shown that health care workers are injured in about 7 percent of operations. As many as 87 percent of surgeons will receive an injury that breaks the skin -- thus allowing for possible disease transmission - at some point in their career. There are an estimated 40,000 new cases of HIV each year, and hepatitis C is increasing at an even faster rate, according to the report. The study concludes that by studying the rates of HIV and hepatitis B and C among patients presenting for surgery, a more accurate incidence of disease is measured within a community, bypassing the selection bias of traditional statistics of known infected patients presenting to primary care clinics. Furthermore, the authors report that
'"/>

Contact: Trent Stockton
tstockt1@jhmi.edu
410-955-8665
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions
4-May-2005


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. HealthGrades study: Bariatric surgery patients have fewer complications at high-volume hospitals
2. Nonsmall cell lung cancer -- chemotherapy before surgery appears better than surgery alone
3. After epilepsy surgery, quality of life related more to seizures than memory
4. Pancreatic surgery riskier for obese patients
5. Second SPORT study shows surgery advantage for spinal stenosis and slipped vertebra
6. Study questions risks of anti-bleeding drug during heart surgery
7. Same-day coronary angiography and surgery safe for many patients
8. Sling surgery is more effective than Burch for bladder control in women
9. Experts debate role of stenting, bypass surgery in left main coronary artery disease
10. Chemotherapy more effective when given before breast cancer surgery
11. Inflammatory system genes linked to cognitive decline after heart surgery

Post Your Comments:
(Date:5/29/2015)... Clearwater, FL (PRWEB) May 29, 2015 ... City, Utah, recently partnered with Stratus ... services, which will facilitate better communication and ... proficiency (LEP) and hearing loss. Stratus’ video ... Healthcare’s in-house translators, enabling staff to quickly ...
(Date:5/29/2015)... has joined forces with Raw Elements Physical Eco Protection ... sun protection. The print component of “Skin Health” is ... 250,000 copies and an estimated readership of 750,000 readers. ... social media strategy, and across a network of top ... version of the campaign, click here . ...
(Date:5/29/2015)... May 29, 2015 OncLive proudly announces ... dozen medical pioneers recognized by a panel of eminent ... of cancer treatment. Honorees will be introduced and celebrated ... Award Ceremony, held 8:30-11:00 p.m. CDT at The Chicago ... honorees are being recognized for groundbreaking accomplishments, in fields ...
(Date:5/29/2015)... 2015 The report “Muscle Spasm ... on the therapeutic development for Muscle Spasm. Spasms ... the body, leading to many different symptoms and ... new targets and MOAs to produce first-in-class and ... review of Axillary Hyperhidrosis with 19 market data ...
(Date:5/29/2015)... Birmingham, AL (PRWEB) May 29, 2015 ... Beating Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome is now ... night. Callers can learn about natural ways to ... fatigue, low moods, poor sleep, and brain fog. ... free weekly Treating and Beating Fibromyalgia call in ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Stratus Video Interpreting Partners With Intermountain Healthcare to Provide On-Demand Interpretation Services for Patients With Limited English Proficiency (LEP) 2Health News:Stratus Video Interpreting Partners With Intermountain Healthcare to Provide On-Demand Interpretation Services for Patients With Limited English Proficiency (LEP) 3Health News:Stratus Video Interpreting Partners With Intermountain Healthcare to Provide On-Demand Interpretation Services for Patients With Limited English Proficiency (LEP) 4Health News:OncLive's 2015 Giants of Cancer Care™ Awards Announced Today 2Health News:OncLive's 2015 Giants of Cancer Care™ Awards Announced Today 3Health News:OncLive's 2015 Giants of Cancer Care™ Awards Announced Today 4Health News:Muscle Spasm Therapeutic Development Pipeline Review H1 2015 Market Research Report Available at RnRMarketResearch.com 2Health News:Muscle Spasm Therapeutic Development Pipeline Review H1 2015 Market Research Report Available at RnRMarketResearch.com 3Health News:Muscle Spasm Therapeutic Development Pipeline Review H1 2015 Market Research Report Available at RnRMarketResearch.com 4
(Date:5/29/2015)... Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/p37spr/north_america ) has announced the ... Market - Growth, Trends And Forecasts (2014 - 2019)" ... players in the industry are GE , Hitachi Medical ... Systems MRI is a powerful ... higher sensitivity and use of non-ionizing radiations. Open MRI ...
(Date:5/29/2015)... , May 28, 2015 Research ... addition of Jain PharmaBiotech,s new report "Cardiovascular ... to their offering. Drug delivery to ... other systems because of the anatomy and physiology ... nutrients to all organs of the body. Drugs ...
(Date:5/29/2015)... VIRGINIA BEACH, Va. , May 29, 2015 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ ... year, bringing its total hiring for 2015 to more ... fueled largely by increased demand for LifeNet Health,s innovative ... and internationally, allowing more patients to be served. It ... in the biomedical industry. "The growth and ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:North America Open System MRI Market 2014-2019 with GE, Hitachi Medical, Philips Healthcare, Siemens Healthcare and Toshiba Medical Dominating 2Global Cardiovascular Drug Delivery Market 2015 - Technologies, Markets and Companies 2Global Cardiovascular Drug Delivery Market 2015 - Technologies, Markets and Companies 3LifeNet Health to add more than 160 jobs in 2015 2
Cached News: