HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Scalpel-free surgery could reduce risk of HIV and hepatitis exposure for health care workers

While the incidence of disease from HIV and hepatitis is increasing in the United States, little is known about their prevalence in patients undergoing surgery. Now, researchers have shown that nearly 40 percent of surgeries at The Johns Hopkins Hospital occur in patients who tested positive for a bloodborne germ.

"While these rates are alarming, they are not entirely unexpected. General precautions have been in effect for some time to prevent the spread of disease to health care workers in the operating room," said Martin A. Makary, M.D., assistant professor of surgery and public health at Johns Hopkins and lead author of a report in the May 2005 issue of the Annals of Surgery.

"Given the high incidence of these infections, however, we have developed new strategies such as 'sharpless' surgery-a surgical technique which uses high-technology alternatives to needles and knives. We advocate using these techniques whenever possible in high-risk settings to further protect health care workers from accidental transmission," added Makary.

Sharpless surgical techniques include laparoscopy, electrocautery to replace scalpel incisions, and skin clips or glue instead of sewing to close or repair wounds.

Previous studies have shown that health care workers are injured in about 7 percent of operations. As many as 87 percent of surgeons will receive an injury that breaks the skin -- thus allowing for possible disease transmission - at some point in their career. There are an estimated 40,000 new cases of HIV each year, and hepatitis C is increasing at an even faster rate, according to the report. The study concludes that by studying the rates of HIV and hepatitis B and C among patients presenting for surgery, a more accurate incidence of disease is measured within a community, bypassing the selection bias of traditional statistics of known infected patients presenting to primary care clinics. Furthermore, the authors report that
'"/>

Contact: Trent Stockton
tstockt1@jhmi.edu
410-955-8665
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions
4-May-2005


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. HealthGrades study: Bariatric surgery patients have fewer complications at high-volume hospitals
2. Nonsmall cell lung cancer -- chemotherapy before surgery appears better than surgery alone
3. After epilepsy surgery, quality of life related more to seizures than memory
4. Pancreatic surgery riskier for obese patients
5. Second SPORT study shows surgery advantage for spinal stenosis and slipped vertebra
6. Study questions risks of anti-bleeding drug during heart surgery
7. Same-day coronary angiography and surgery safe for many patients
8. Sling surgery is more effective than Burch for bladder control in women
9. Experts debate role of stenting, bypass surgery in left main coronary artery disease
10. Chemotherapy more effective when given before breast cancer surgery
11. Inflammatory system genes linked to cognitive decline after heart surgery

Post Your Comments:
(Date:7/30/2014)... 30, 2014 MyMobileUniversity (MMU) is a ... Global an award winning mobile and web based learning ... since 2004. , MyMobileUni.com’s platform makes it a one-stop ... MMU has links to the world’s leading Massive Open ... matter experts from all over the world who have ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... Daily Gossip mentions that the "Panic Away" method ... to stop anxiety and eliminate all associated symptoms. It has ... than 150,000 people in getting their lives back. , The ... treatment system that will teach sufferers different techniques on how ... simple to access, as it is available in a complex ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... 2014 Throughout the month of August, ... oral cancer screenings. Using a new technological tool called ... the disease in its early stages. , Oral cancer ... sinuses, throat and other areas in and around the ... and Ends Results (SEER) program, 30 percent of oral ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... Conducting Advanced Root Cause Analysis ... and Innovative Techniques to Improve the Quality of ... Sept. 17-18, 2014 – Raleigh, NC, http://www.fdanews.com/CAPAWorkshopRaleigh ... for 483 observations since 1997. , The FDA's ... CAPA program has never been more important. , ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... (PRWEB) July 30, 2014 Ticket Down ... United Tickets in Ann Arbor, MI on Saturday, August 2nd. ... of international football will be competing on American soil on Aug. ... House,” in Ann Arbor, Mich. The home of the University of ... of the most prestigious in all of American sports and has ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:MyMobileUniversity Inviting Individuals, Who Are Passionate about the Universal Right to Education, to Come on Board as Goodwill Ambassadors 2Health News:MyMobileUniversity Inviting Individuals, Who Are Passionate about the Universal Right to Education, to Come on Board as Goodwill Ambassadors 3Health News:Panic Away Review Reveals How to Stop Anxiety 2Health News:Restore Dental Offers Complimentary Oral Cancer Screenings in August 2Health News:FDAnews Workshop: Conducting Advanced Root Cause Analysis CAPA Investigations, Sept. 17-18, 2014, Raleigh, NC 2Health News:FDAnews Workshop: Conducting Advanced Root Cause Analysis CAPA Investigations, Sept. 17-18, 2014, Raleigh, NC 3Health News:FDAnews Workshop: Conducting Advanced Root Cause Analysis CAPA Investigations, Sept. 17-18, 2014, Raleigh, NC 4Health News:Manchester United vs. Real Madrid Tickets Ann Arbor: Ticket Down Slashes Ticket Prices for Real Madrid vs. ManU Guinness International Champions Cup Match 2Health News:Manchester United vs. Real Madrid Tickets Ann Arbor: Ticket Down Slashes Ticket Prices for Real Madrid vs. ManU Guinness International Champions Cup Match 3Health News:Manchester United vs. Real Madrid Tickets Ann Arbor: Ticket Down Slashes Ticket Prices for Real Madrid vs. ManU Guinness International Champions Cup Match 4
(Date:7/30/2014)... Pa. , July 30, 2014  Unilife ... ; ASX: UNS), a developer and supplier of injectable ... investments in manufacturing capacity, R&D, and facilities in ... companies for its products and services. During the ... invested approximately $16 million in capital expenditures and ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... 2014  Today the US Surgeon General issued the most ... or sun burns stating they can lead directly to deadly ... Lushniak , says that "skin cancer is a major public ... exposure to indoor and outdoor ultraviolet light is a major ... in Boca Raton, Florida , Marta ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... Reportlinker.com announces that a new market ... mHealth and Home Monitoring – 6th Edition ... Executive summary mHealth can revolutionize how ... decreased costs and improved sustainability of the healthcare ... in an early stage, but on the brink ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:Unilife Accelerates Investment to Meet Increasing Demand from New and Existing Customers 2Unilife Accelerates Investment to Meet Increasing Demand from New and Existing Customers 3Unilife Accelerates Investment to Meet Increasing Demand from New and Existing Customers 4Unilife Accelerates Investment to Meet Increasing Demand from New and Existing Customers 5Indoor and Outdoor Sun Tanning or Sun Burns Directly Linked to Deadly Melanoma Skin Cancer 2mHealth and Home Monitoring - 6th Edition 2mHealth and Home Monitoring - 6th Edition 3mHealth and Home Monitoring - 6th Edition 4mHealth and Home Monitoring - 6th Edition 5mHealth and Home Monitoring - 6th Edition 6mHealth and Home Monitoring - 6th Edition 7mHealth and Home Monitoring - 6th Edition 8mHealth and Home Monitoring - 6th Edition 9mHealth and Home Monitoring - 6th Edition 10mHealth and Home Monitoring - 6th Edition 11
Cached News: