HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Scalpel-free surgery could reduce risk of HIV and hepatitis exposure for health care workers

While the incidence of disease from HIV and hepatitis is increasing in the United States, little is known about their prevalence in patients undergoing surgery. Now, researchers have shown that nearly 40 percent of surgeries at The Johns Hopkins Hospital occur in patients who tested positive for a bloodborne germ.

"While these rates are alarming, they are not entirely unexpected. General precautions have been in effect for some time to prevent the spread of disease to health care workers in the operating room," said Martin A. Makary, M.D., assistant professor of surgery and public health at Johns Hopkins and lead author of a report in the May 2005 issue of the Annals of Surgery.

"Given the high incidence of these infections, however, we have developed new strategies such as 'sharpless' surgery-a surgical technique which uses high-technology alternatives to needles and knives. We advocate using these techniques whenever possible in high-risk settings to further protect health care workers from accidental transmission," added Makary.

Sharpless surgical techniques include laparoscopy, electrocautery to replace scalpel incisions, and skin clips or glue instead of sewing to close or repair wounds.

Previous studies have shown that health care workers are injured in about 7 percent of operations. As many as 87 percent of surgeons will receive an injury that breaks the skin -- thus allowing for possible disease transmission - at some point in their career. There are an estimated 40,000 new cases of HIV each year, and hepatitis C is increasing at an even faster rate, according to the report. The study concludes that by studying the rates of HIV and hepatitis B and C among patients presenting for surgery, a more accurate incidence of disease is measured within a community, bypassing the selection bias of traditional statistics of known infected patients presenting to primary care clinics. Furthermore, the authors report that
'"/>

Contact: Trent Stockton
tstockt1@jhmi.edu
410-955-8665
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions
4-May-2005


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. HealthGrades study: Bariatric surgery patients have fewer complications at high-volume hospitals
2. Nonsmall cell lung cancer -- chemotherapy before surgery appears better than surgery alone
3. After epilepsy surgery, quality of life related more to seizures than memory
4. Pancreatic surgery riskier for obese patients
5. Second SPORT study shows surgery advantage for spinal stenosis and slipped vertebra
6. Study questions risks of anti-bleeding drug during heart surgery
7. Same-day coronary angiography and surgery safe for many patients
8. Sling surgery is more effective than Burch for bladder control in women
9. Experts debate role of stenting, bypass surgery in left main coronary artery disease
10. Chemotherapy more effective when given before breast cancer surgery
11. Inflammatory system genes linked to cognitive decline after heart surgery

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:1/20/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... January 20, 2017 , ... Bionic Sports ... all walks of life, announced it had a successful January ECRM Trade Show in ... in the United States, which allows it to provide its products to all clients ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... , ... January 20, 2017 , ... International Protein, a ... and bodybuilding supplements, announced it attended the January ECRM trade show in Hilton Head, ... nutritional scientist who was determined to create a line of products that would elevate ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... York, NY (PRWEB) , ... January 20, 2017 ... ... – VW+ 001 and its sugar-free alternative VW+ 002. The drinks have been ... body with optimal conditions to perform during your workout. , After a successful ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... ... “Code Word: Chocolate Biscuit”: a biographical account following a man who went on to support ... author, Marlyn Ivey, born in Lynn Haven, Florida and at the age of 5, his ... of age, he joined the Navy and got married right out of boot camp. ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... , ... January 20, 2017 , ... “Christmas in Suffolk”: ... of published author, Sara Seymour, who lives in Lafayette, Indiana where she works in ... on iced coffees and writes. , Published by Christian Faith Publishing, Sara Seymour’s new ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/20/2017)... 2017 Research and Markets has announced ... Devices, Implant Types, OTC Amplifiers, Diagnostic Instruments), Sales Volume, Company ... ... Hearing Aids Market Sales Volume, Company Analysis and Forecast to ... aid industry. The growing prevalence of hearing impairment ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... Fla. , Jan. 20, 2017 Wells Specialty ... at 3796 Howell Branch Rd in Winter Park, ... Winter Park . Operations have been consolidated into ... Pharmacy is also pleased to announce that Chad Tomlinson ... President of the Company effective immediately. Mr. Tomlinson is a ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... YORK , Jan. 19, 2017 Report ... Ophthalmic Devices Market? Which areas are going to grow ... potential revenues to 2026, assessing data, trends, opportunities and ... and graphs. Discover the most lucrative areas in the ... lets you assess forecasted sales across the all the ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: