HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Scientists develop method to track immune system enzyme in live animals

Scientists supported by the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS) at the National Institutes of Health have created two mouse strains that will permit researchers to trace, in a live animal, the activity of an enzyme believed to play a crucial role both in the normal immune response as well as autoimmunity and B cell tumor development. Their report appears in the Journal of Experimental Medicine.

The enzyme, known as activation-induced cytidine deaminase or AID (which has no relation to the AIDS virus), is expressed by B cells, which are produced in the bone marrow and are responsible for making antibodies that attack foreign invaders such as viruses and bacteria. The enzyme enables the cells to respond with precision to the almost limitless types of invaders the body may encounter. Unfortunately, it also has a down side.

B cells constantly scan the body for foreign invaders, explains Rafael Casellas, Ph.D., an investigator in NIAMS Molecular Immunology and Inflammation Branch and lead author of the paper. As B cells encounter foreign antigens from viruses, bacteria or allergens, they migrate to germinal centers specialized microenvironments in tonsils, spleen and lymph nodes. Within germinal centers, B cells divide extensively and express the AID enzyme, which causes random mutations and recombination in the cells immunoglobulin (antibody) genes. For the most part, these genetic changes are beneficial because they enable B lymphocytes to attack and stop the invader. In some cases, however, AID-dependent alterations in the genetic material of B cells can also lead to unwanted results such as autoimmunity and development of B cell tumors, as in the case of Burkitt lymphoma.

"It becomes crucial that we comprehend how AID is regulated during the normal immune response as well as in tumorigenesis and autoimmunity," says Casellas. The problem with understanding how AID is regulated or deregulated i
'"/>

Contact: Ray Fleming
flemingr@mail.nih.gov
301-496-8190
NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
17-May-2007


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Scientists train nano-building blocks to take on new shapes, as reported in Science
2. Scientists find war vets hand dexterity determines susceptibility to PTSD
3. Scientists from the CIMA investigate a molecule for diagnosing hypertensive cardiopathy
4. Scientists equip bacteria with custom chemo-navigational system
5. Scientists find missing link to understand how plants make vitamin C
6. Scientists and polar explorers brave the elements in support of CryoSat-2
7. Scientists identify cells responsible for relapse after treatment in common childhood cancer
8. Scientists progress in successful tissue engineering
9. Scientists re-grow dental enamel from cultured cells
10. Scientists create dual-modality microbeads to improve identification of disease biomarkers
11. Scientists develop method to remove prion infectivity from scrapie-infected blood

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:10/12/2017)... ... 2017 , ... HMP , a leader in healthcare events and education, today ... Digital Award for ‘Best B-to-B Healthcare Website.’ Winners were announced during the Eddie & ... award competition recognizes editorial and design excellence across a range of sectors. This year’s ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... On Saturday, October 21, the Health & ... by Moonlight to raise money for the American Heart Association Heart Walk. Teams of ... will work together to keep their treadmills moving for 5 hours. Treadmills will start ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... , ... Health Literacy Innovations (HLI), creator of the Health ... Cancer Patient Education Network (CPEN), an independent professional organization that shares best practices ... , As CPEN’s strategic partner, HLI will help support CPEN members by ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Vohra ... care advancements to physician colleagues, skilled nursing facility medical directors and other clinicians ... Waters of Wound Care." , "At many of these conferences we get to ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... presents its enhanced Pepper Flow promotional review platform at the Promotional Review ... increased insight-driven capabilities help marketers streamline the medical, legal, and regulatory review ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/7/2017)... Texas , Oct. 6, 2017   Provista, ... with more than $100 billion in purchasing power, today ... news and information. The Newsroom is the ... and industry trends, infographics, expert bios, news releases, slideshows ... having access to a wealth of resources at their ...
(Date:10/4/2017)... , Oct. 4, 2017 ... single-use, self-contained, illuminating medical devices, today announced regulatory ... Health Surveillance Agency (or Agência Nacional de Vigilância ... first single-use, cordless surgical retractor with integrated LED ... optimal access, illumination and exposure of a tissue ...
(Date:10/2/2017)... 2, 2017 Halo Labs announces the European launch of ... the HORIZON at MIBio 2017 in Cambridge, U.K ... particulate matter in biopharmaceutical samples with unprecedented speed and sensitivity while ... technique Backgrounded Membrane Imaging. ... HORIZON subvisible particle analysis system ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: