The new recommendations are published in the July 5, 2005, issue of Annals of Internal Medicine, along with two background papers on which the recommendations are based.
The recommendations will be posted on Web sites of the journal, http://www.annals.org/cgi/content/full/143/1/32 and of the Agency for Health Care Research and Quality http://www.ahrq.gov/clinic/uspstf/uspshivi.htm.
The HIV screening recommendations are also the subject of a video news release produced by the American College of Physicians, publisher of Annals of Internal Medicine. Call for coordinates and a copy of the script.
The Task Force's earlier recommendations on HIV screening called for routine screening and counseling for high-risk pregnant women and those living in communities with high rates of infected newborns.
"Having a test for HIV during pregnancy is one more thing a woman can to do to try to assure having a healthy infant," said Diana Petitti, MD, Vice-Chair of the USPSTF and a Senior Scientific Advisor for Health Policy and Medicine for Kaiser Permanente Southern California.
Mother- to- infant transmission is an important and preventable cause of childhood AIDS. Therapy helps the mother (by delaying overt AIDS and opportunistic diseases) and the infant (by decreasing spread of infection from mother to child), Dr. Petitti said.
People considered at risk for HIV report one or more individual risk factors or live or receive health care in an area with a high prevalence of the disease. Individual risk factors include: