HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Screening method can play role in disclosure of intimate partner violence

Reported prevalence rates for intimate partner violence can vary, depending on the screening method, type of questionnaire used and health care setting, and women prefer self-completed questionnaires, compared to face-to-face interviews, according to a study in the August 2 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on violence and human rights.

As intimate partner violence (IPV) has gained recognition as a major public health problem, research efforts have focused on the development of universal screening instruments and protocols for use in health care settings to identify women exposed to IPV, according to background information in the article. Previous studies have demonstrated that women will disclose experiences of violence in response to screening; however, few studies have compared methods of screening.

Harriet L. MacMillan, M.D., of McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, and colleagues compared two screening instruments with the goal of determining an optimal method of screening for IPV in health care settings, based on 3 criteria: (1) 12-month prevalence, (2) extent of missing data, and (3) participant preference. The study included women age 18 to 64 years who were well enough to participate and could be seen individually. Of 2,602 eligible women, 141 (5 percent) refused participation. The randomized trial was conducted from May 2004 to January 2005 at 2 each of emergency departments, family practices, and women's health clinics in Ontario, Canada.

Participants were randomized to 1 of 3 screening approaches: a face-to-face interview with a health care provider (physician or nurse), written self-completed questionnaire, and computer-based self-completed questionnaire. Two screening instrumentsthe Partner Violence Screen (PVS) and the Woman Abuse Screening Tool (WAST)were administered and compared with the Composite Abuse Scale (CAS) as the criterion standard.

The researchers found that the 12-month prevalence of IP
'"/>

Contact: Sue Johnston
905-525-9140
JAMA and Archives Journals
1-Aug-2006


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Screening for behavioral health first step to getting treatment
2. Screening men over 65 for abdominal aortic aneurysms could save lives
3. Screening program yields decline in sudden cardiac deaths in young athletes
4. Screening for Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) among substance users is improved
5. Screening may over-diagnose 1 in 10 breast cancers
6. Screening test for prostate cancer does not improve survival
7. Screening for prostate cancer may not reduce mens risk of death
8. Screening combination for PTs with colorectal cancer could reduce need for more invasive procedures
9. New oxidation methods streamline synthesis of important compounds
10. U of M researchers discover new method to combat HIV
11. New prevention, treatment methods for patients with painful bowel inflammation

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:8/31/2020)... ... , ... Just found out your dear friend has cancer? , It’s hard to hear your ... shares their diagnosis. Once the shock wears off, the questions and fears can be overwhelming. ... best ways to help? Words are failing me. I’m scared. I want to DO something. ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... ... August 31, 2020 , ... ... to dental groups in the United States, today announced the grand opening of ... CA. , Patients will enjoy convenient hours, a comfortable office, and full-service ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... ... August 31, 2020 , ... ... outcomes for patients with advanced heart failure, today announced that the company has ... amount of $555,358 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the ...
(Date:8/28/2020)... ... August 28, 2020 , ... With in-person gluten-free ... to continue helping the specialty-diet community connect with great, gluten-free brands. At the ... enter giveaways, chat with brands & watch over 50 educational classes... all online ...
(Date:8/27/2020)... ... 2020 , ... The team at Sikara MedSpa is thrilled ... The practice is centered on results and providing the ultimate patient experience to ... be a sanctuary for total body renewal and aesthetic revitalization, Sikara Medspa features ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/2/2020)... WILMINGTON, Mass. (PRWEB) , ... September 02, 2020 ... ... in handheld 1064nm Raman technology, will moderate a roundtable discussion among industry professionals ... The roundtable will be hosted by American Pharmaceutical Review and will ...
(Date:9/1/2020)... ... September 01, 2020 , ... Neil Oberfeld of global law ... the Board of Trustees and committee chair of the Governance Committee for Mile ... nonprofit organization that fights for the education, health, and financial stability of residents ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... ... ... live in New York City you will always pay more for these two things: real ... and demand, but are plastic surgeons in New York worth the premium prices that they ... the four-hour trip to have expert aesthetic treatments by some of the best doctors in ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: