HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Should adult male circumcision be recommended for HIV prevention in the US?

Three clinical trials in Africa found that adult male circumcision reduced the risk of men acquiring HIV infection from heterosexual sex by 51-60%. While adult male circumcision may also have a role to play in preventing HIV transmission in the US, say scientists at the US Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in a paper in PLoS Medicine, "the extent of this role on a population basis is unknown."

Patrick Sullivan (Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention,CDC) and colleagues argue that the potential impact of adult male circumcision on HIV transmission rates in the US is hard to predict, given the many differences between the underlying HIV epidemics in Africa and the US, differences in the prevalence of male circumcision in Africa and the US, and the considerable gaps in knowledge that exist regarding the potential impact of circumcision on HIV transmission by malemale sex.

"The HIV epidemics in Africa are substantially different from the US epidemic," they say. The predominant mode of HIV transmission in Africa is heterosexual sex whereas the US has a concentrated HIV epidemic with most sexual transmission occurring among men who have sex with men (MSM). The African trials did not study MSM. While some observational studies have suggested that circumcised MSM in the US may have a decreased risk of HIV infection, say the authors, it is impossible to draw firm conclusions from such observational research, which is prone to bias.

Adult male circumcision will likely have the largest impact in populations where circumcision has been rare, they say. Yet in the US circumcision is already very commonhospital discharge data show that in 1999 around two thirds of all newborn boys were circumcised.

Nevertheless, based on the data from the three African clinical trials, Sullivan and colleagues conclude that "it is likely that circumcision will decrease the probability of a man acquiring HIV via penilevaginal sex with an HIV-infected woman in t
'"/>

Contact: Andrew Hyde
ahyde@plos.org
44-122-346-3330
Public Library of Science
23-Jul-2007


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Shoulder tapping -- Young males are most willing to purchase alcohol for underage youth
2. Should NICE evaluate complementary medicine?
3. Should Muslims have faith-based health services?
4. Should smokers be refused surgery?
5. Should patients undergoing surgery get ASA?
6. Should patients have to opt out of electronic records?
7. Assisted dying: Should it be legal?
8. Should older men be screened for prostate cancer?
9. Should we screen people for depression?
10. Should we ban consumer drug ads? - Press release from PLoS Medicine
11. Should heart attack care be more like trauma care? Study suggests regional system could be feasible

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:9/1/2018)... ... September 01, 2018 , ... September is Animal Pain Awareness ... Management (IVAPM) that aims to encourage pain management for all animals through education ... educating pet owners of the many forms of pain and the importance of ...
(Date:8/31/2018)... ... August 31, 2018 , ... ... capabilities with the addition of an MRI Simulator. In the MRI Simulator, the ... sounds. By engaging in this mock scan experience, research participants become accustomed to ...
(Date:8/31/2018)... ... 31, 2018 , ... Nitro Circus hosted the inaugural A Night to Live ... sports gathering to celebrate the life of Erik Roner, world-renowned skier, skydiver and a ... Annika and their two small children, Oskar (8) and Kasper (4). A portion of ...
(Date:8/31/2018)... , ... August 31, 2018 , ... Saturday, September 1st, ... part of the Iowa State Cyclones season opener game. At 7pm, the Cyclones will ... the National Anthem starts to play, Team Fastrax™ will jump in with their majestic ...
(Date:8/29/2018)... ... ... Shady Grove Fertility (SGF), with now five locations and five physicians in ... offices this September. Their Harrisburg, PA office is relocating to a new, ... of UPMC PinnacleHealth Fredericksen Outpatient Center. , The practices Reading, PA office is ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/13/2018)... ... September 13, 2018 , ... Becker's ... 2018" list. , Hospitals and health systems rely on CIOs and IT department ... support telehealth, data-gathering and cybersecurity initiatives. Those who lead community hospital and health ...
(Date:9/12/2018)... ... 13, 2018 , ... Donaldson Plastic Surgery has been included on the Inc. ... Fast 50 list of central Ohio's fastest growing businesses. The plastic surgery practice was ... percent. It is the only medical practice and plastic surgery office to make the ...
(Date:9/7/2018)... ... September 07, 2018 , ... Yisrayl Hawkins, Pastor and Overseer at The House of ... Name of the Creator and says the proof is undeniable. , Yisrayl scolds mainstream religions ... of the Creator’s Name. Yisrayl shows there is great meaning in the Name, and to ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: