HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Smoking, diabetes predict different forms of peripheral artery disease

Cigarette smoking and high cholesterol predict risk for some forms of peripheral artery disease (PAD), while diabetes predicts risk for other forms of the disease, researchers reported in a rapid access issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Researchers examined risk factors for PAD progression in large blood vessels (LV-PAD) and in small blood vessels (SV-PAD). PAD is characterized by clogged arteries outside the heart or brain - most often in the legs. An estimated 8 million people in the United States have PAD.

When large leg vessels are involved, the classic symptom is painful cramping in the hips, thighs or calves that occurs during exercise and eases after a few minutes of rest. With small vessels, the feet may be cool to the touch, heal slowly when injured, and in extreme cases require amputation.

Researchers identified several risk factors that influence the evolution of LV-PAD. Smoking appeared to be the most powerful predictor that PAD would get worse.

"Smoking cessation is the most efficient way to slow the progression of PAD, along with altering cholesterol levels through diet, exercise and medication," said study lead author Victor Aboyans, M.D., Ph.D. "By highlighting and focusing preventive efforts on the risk factors, we can improve the prognosis."

Aboyans a cardiologist and epidemiologist at the Dupuytren University Hospital in Limoges, France conducted this study while a visiting scholar in the Department of Family and Preventive Medicine at the University of California, San Diego.

He and colleagues examined 403 men and women (average age 69) with LV-PAD and 290 with SV-PAD (average age 68) who were previously suspected of having PAD and underwent evaluation. For the current analysis, results from these initial examinations were compared with new tests performed an average of 4.6 years later.

Researchers compared blood pressure readings in the ankles and toes
'"/>

Contact: Karen Astle
karen.astle@heart.org
214-706-1396
American Heart Association
31-May-2006


Page: 1 2 3

Related medicine news :

1. Smoking, growing private hospital care for poor and US flu vaccine policies
2. Smoking, eating and thinking: New research on the brain, hormones, and behavior
3. Adverse housing conditions contribute to diabetes risk
4. RAND finds cases of undiagnosed diabetes drop sharply
5. Adverse housing conditions contribute to diabetes risk
6. Decision aid for diabetes
7. Wesley Research Institute study targets pharmacists to help diabetes sufferers
8. Diabetes professionals join forces to identify gaps in diabetes care and better self care
9. Study shows Diachrome improves blood sugar control in people with type 2 diabetes
10. Study tests oral insulin to prevent type 1 diabetes
11. Complications of type 2 diabetes in young people -- a ticking bomb

Post Your Comments:
(Date:12/17/2014)... -- Expectant parents should leave prenatal picture-taking to medical ... Use of ultrasound imaging and heartbeat monitors to get ... agency warns. "Although there is a lack ... and heartbeat monitors, prudent use of these devices by ... FDA biomedical engineer, said in an agency news release. ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... HealthDay Reporter , TUESDAY, Dec. 16, ... America, and work commitment is a big reason why, new ... said Dr. Mathias Basner, an assistant professor of sleep and ... of Medicine. A time-use survey of nearly 125,000 Americans, ... main activity exchanged for sleep. Short sleepers -- those who ...
(Date:12/15/2014)... 15, 2014 South Florida’s leading urgent care ... can be a daze of hassle, hustle, and bustle that ... decking halls, to burns when making special meals and heartburn ... can happen at any time. To prevent this season of ... made a list of helpful and healthful holiday tips to ...
(Date:12/15/2014)... News) -- Expert pilots process visual information more efficiently ... better decisions during landings, a new study shows. ... pilots to master, and 36 percent of all airplane ... final approach and landing. Researchers monitored the brain ... pilots while they were at the controls of a ...
(Date:12/15/2014)... 15, 2014 At the leading, long-established ... AutismOne and Focus Autism will welcome ... research on the effects of toxins to children’s health, ... information. , Luminaries such as Dr. Lucija Tomljenovic ... with esteemed, credentialed colleagues of the United States to ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:FDA Warns Against Fetal 'Keepsake' Videos 2Health News:Work Steals Valuable Sleep Time, Study Finds 2Health News:Work Steals Valuable Sleep Time, Study Finds 3Health News:MD Now Urgent Care Presents Healthy Holiday Tips 2Health News:MD Now Urgent Care Presents Healthy Holiday Tips 3Health News:Study Shows Why Expert Pilots Are Experts 2Health News:AutismOne and Focus Autism Collaborate on Scientific Conference; International Group of Researchers to Present in Chicago, May 2015 2Health News:AutismOne and Focus Autism Collaborate on Scientific Conference; International Group of Researchers to Present in Chicago, May 2015 3
(Date:12/15/2014)... December 15, 2014 BerGenBio AS, ... aggressive drug resistant cancers, today announces that it has ... placing from new and existing investors. BerGenBio ... the development of its pipeline of innovative cancer therapeutics, ... lead drug candidate, BGB324, a first-in-class selective Axl kinase ...
(Date:12/15/2014)... , Dec. 15, 2014  Inovio Pharmaceuticals, Inc. ... has been added to the NASDAQ Biotechnology Index ... will become effective upon market open on December ... is designed to track the performance of a ... either biotechnology or pharmaceutical according to the Industry ...
(Date:12/15/2014)...  Colorado and Washington State are ... cannabis. Oregon , Alaska ... during the November 2014 elections. Photo - ... The benefits of legalizing cannabis are manifold. ... the increased tax revenue for state and local governments, in ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:BerGenBio Completes NOK90 Million Fundraising 2Inovio Pharmaceuticals Added to NASDAQ Biotechnology Index 2Inovio Pharmaceuticals Added to NASDAQ Biotechnology Index 3Inovio Pharmaceuticals Added to NASDAQ Biotechnology Index 4CannaInsider.com Estimates 200,000 New Jobs in the Cannabis Industry by 2015 2
Cached News: