Smoking, diabetes predict different forms of peripheral artery disease

Cigarette smoking and high cholesterol predict risk for some forms of peripheral artery disease (PAD), while diabetes predicts risk for other forms of the disease, researchers reported in a rapid access issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Researchers examined risk factors for PAD progression in large blood vessels (LV-PAD) and in small blood vessels (SV-PAD). PAD is characterized by clogged arteries outside the heart or brain - most often in the legs. An estimated 8 million people in the United States have PAD.

When large leg vessels are involved, the classic symptom is painful cramping in the hips, thighs or calves that occurs during exercise and eases after a few minutes of rest. With small vessels, the feet may be cool to the touch, heal slowly when injured, and in extreme cases require amputation.

Researchers identified several risk factors that influence the evolution of LV-PAD. Smoking appeared to be the most powerful predictor that PAD would get worse.

"Smoking cessation is the most efficient way to slow the progression of PAD, along with altering cholesterol levels through diet, exercise and medication," said study lead author Victor Aboyans, M.D., Ph.D. "By highlighting and focusing preventive efforts on the risk factors, we can improve the prognosis."

Aboyans a cardiologist and epidemiologist at the Dupuytren University Hospital in Limoges, France conducted this study while a visiting scholar in the Department of Family and Preventive Medicine at the University of California, San Diego.

He and colleagues examined 403 men and women (average age 69) with LV-PAD and 290 with SV-PAD (average age 68) who were previously suspected of having PAD and underwent evaluation. For the current analysis, results from these initial examinations were compared with new tests performed an average of 4.6 years later.

Researchers compared blood pressure readings in the ankles and toes

Contact: Karen Astle
American Heart Association

Page: 1 2 3

Related medicine news :

1. Smoking, growing private hospital care for poor and US flu vaccine policies
2. Smoking, eating and thinking: New research on the brain, hormones, and behavior
3. Adverse housing conditions contribute to diabetes risk
4. RAND finds cases of undiagnosed diabetes drop sharply
5. Adverse housing conditions contribute to diabetes risk
6. Decision aid for diabetes
7. Wesley Research Institute study targets pharmacists to help diabetes sufferers
8. Diabetes professionals join forces to identify gaps in diabetes care and better self care
9. Study shows Diachrome improves blood sugar control in people with type 2 diabetes
10. Study tests oral insulin to prevent type 1 diabetes
11. Complications of type 2 diabetes in young people -- a ticking bomb

Post Your Comments:

(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... Insightra Medical, Inc. and Novus ... technology for soft tissue repair in the US via Insightra’s national direct sales ... mesh intended to support and reinforce soft tissue for 6-9 months before absorbing ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... 30, 2015 , ... SIMmersion’s ability to present dynamic scenarios ... of the future. To reach an audience of key visionaries and reformers in ... Chicago, organized by the American Medical Association. , AMA President Steven Stack, ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... enterprise Time and Attendance/Workforce Management cloud-based solutions, announced today that it has ... competencies in the Application Development, demonstrating a “best-in-class” ability and commitment to ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... November 30, 2015 (PRWEB) , ... ... ... and Winscribe are pleased to announce their strategic partnership at the Radiological ... consultants, SpeechCheck, Inc., and Winscribe, global providers of cutting-edge dictation and speech-enabled ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... 30, 2015 , ... World Patent Marketing , a ... household invention that provides an economical and easy way of gaining customized curtains. ... at 2.6%," says Scott Cooper, CEO and Creative Director of World Patent Marketing. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... , November 26, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... --> RnRMarketResearch.com adds "Global ... and "Investigation Report on China Repaglinide ... 2021 forecasts data and information to ... http://www.rnrmarketresearch.com/global-repaglinide-industry-2015-market-research-report-market-report.html . --> ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... , Nov. 26, 2015 Research and ... of the "2016 Future Horizons and Growth ... Market: Supplier Shares, Country Segment Forecasts, Competitive Intelligence, ... --> --> ... of the Italian therapeutic drug monitoring market, including ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... November 26, 2015 ... addition of the  "2016 Future Horizons ... Cell Surface Marker Testing Market: Supplier ... to their offering.  --> ... of the  "2016 Future Horizons and ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: