HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Study by Children's Hospital and Carnegie Mellon explains crucial deficit in children with autism

PITTSBURGH -- Young children with autism appear to be delayed in their ability to categorize objects and, in particular, to distinguish between living and nonliving things, according to a breakthrough study by researchers at Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh and Carnegie Mellon University. The paper has been published in the Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities and the results could provide a cognitive explanation for one of the characteristics of autism: the inability to recognize the goals and motivations of others.

Previous research has shown that young children with autism have the same abilities as normally developing children to categorize objects based on so-called surface characteristics, such as size and shape. They have a diminished ability, however, to group objects into more abstract categories (e.g., birds, trees, cars and furniture). A key characteristic that differentiates living and nonliving things is the ability of the former to move on their own, and as humans, we rely on the motions of others -- a hand reaching out to shake ours, a person running toward us -- to help us interpret their actions and intentions.

"People have not really studied these conceptual deficits in very young children as the possible basis for the social and cognitive deficits in older children and adults with autism," said Carnegie Mellon psychologist David Rakison, who co-authored the paper with Cynthia Johnson, director of the Autism Center at Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh and assistant professor of pediatrics and psychiatry at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center.

"This study opens the door for further research of preschool-age children, which could aid us in the development of possible diagnostic tools and therapies," Johnson said. "Children with autism have the best outcomes when they are diagnosed and begin treatment at an early age."

In this study, 11 children with autism, ranging in age from 34 to 4
'"/>

Contact: Jonathan Potts
jpotts@andrew.cmu.edu
412-268-6094
Carnegie Mellon University
11-Oct-2006


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Study, meta-analysis examine factors associated with death from heatstroke
2. Study says COPD testing is not measuring up
3. Study suggests loss of 2 types of neurons -- not just 1 -- triggers Parkinsons symptoms
4. Study reveals gaps in vaccine financing for underinsured children
5. Study suggests nonpharmaceutical interventions may be helpful in severe influenza outbreaks
6. Study shows radiofrequency ablation highly effective in treating kidney tumors
7. Study says normal but out-of-control enzyme may be culprit that signals some cells to become cancer
8. Study finds HIV protease inhibitor drugs may adversely affect the scaffolding of the cell nucleus
9. Study outlines how stroke, head injury can increase risk of Alzheimers disease
10. Study identifies new regulator of fat metabolism
11. Study shows Diachrome improves blood sugar control in people with type 2 diabetes

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:8/31/2020)... , ... August 31, 2020 , ... ... Network (AHN), are joining biomedical engineers from Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) to develop ... cardiac patients who have undergone open heart surgery. , The AGH/CMU team was ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... MARLBORO, N.J. (PRWEB) , ... August 31, 2020 ... ... the leading cloud-based business management solution for chiropractors, announced today the launch of ... telehealth, healthcare professionals can start running their virtual practice in under 90 seconds. ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... , ... August 31, 2020 , ... In an effort ... Loop is donating 10 percent of each hotel room booked with a special ... of Chicagoland & Northwest Indiana (RMHC-CNI) , effective immediately. Donations will be applied ...
(Date:8/28/2020)... ... August 28, 2020 , ... WHAT , ... treat patients with respiratory conditions, including COVID-19, while reducing the need for scarce ... it captures exhaled gas and scrubs it free of carbon dioxide in a ...
(Date:8/28/2020)... ... August 28, 2020 , ... A July 27 article ... are at an increased risk of developing severe COVID-19 symptoms. The article does ... because the same organ systems that the coronavirus attacks are already suffering from ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/1/2020)... CHARLOTTE, N.C. (PRWEB) , ... September 01, 2020 , ... ... at an alarming rate as businesses, schools and community organizations remain closed. Because about ... Cross urgently needs the help of both blood donors and blood drive hosts to ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... NEW YORK (PRWEB) , ... August 31, 2020 , ... If you live in New ... surgery. The real estate part makes sense, it’s the law of supply and demand, but ... Naderi Center has a significant percentage of their patients that make the four-hour trip ...
(Date:8/28/2020)... ... August 28, 2020 , ... Dr. Mark Surrey has ... surgeon and serves as a clinical professor in the Department of OBGYN at UCLA’s ... Laparoscopy Society & Pacific Coast Reproductive Society and is a Clinical Director of Fellowship ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: