Use of the 16-row multidetector computed tomography (CT) scan to detect narrowing of coronary arteries may result in a high number of cases in which the diagnosis cannot be determined, limiting the clinical usefulness of the test, according to a study in the July 26 issue of JAMA. However, the heart CT test may be useful in excluding coronary disease in selected patients.
Coronary artery disease is a leading cause of death and health care expenditure in Western countries. Establishing its anatomic diagnosis requires coronary angiography, a procedure that is costly and carries risks and discomfort, according to background information in the article. Recent technical advances with the non-invasive multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) have allowed for excellent visualization of the coronary arteries. MDCT is a form of diagnostic imaging in which a two-dimensional array of detector elements acquire images of multiple slices or sections of an artery or organ simultaneously. With a 16-row MDCT, 16 images are captured per rotation of the machine. Some previous studies have indicated promising results for this technology, but it remains uncertain whether their findings may be replicated in clinical centers with different levels of expertise.
Mario J. Garcia, M.D., of the Cleveland Clinic Foundation, and colleagues investigated the diagnostic accuracy of 16-row MDCT for the detection of obstructive coronary disease in a multicenter study. The study included 238 patients who were clinically referred for nonemergency coronary angiography from June 2004 through March 2005 at 11 participating sites. A total of 187 patients underwent contrast-enhanced MDCT and also had conventional angiography performed one to 14 days after MDCT. The results of these two tests were compared.
Of 1,629 nonstented coronary artery segments larger than 2 mm in diameter, there were 89 (5.5 percent) in 59 (32 percent) of 187 patients with stenosis (narrowing) of
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