HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Study finds low birth weight rates vary widely across US

HANOVER, NH Low birth weight, an important risk factor of infant mortality and childhood developmental disorders, varies more than 3-fold in regions across the U.S., according to national research conducted at Dartmouth Medical School. The study offers promise for health care experts in an area of prenatal health where progress has been elusive.

Published in the November 7 issue of Pediatrics, the study is the first to investigate regional low birth weight rates on a national scale, and identifies regions that have significantly low or high low birth weight rates. The authors, based at the Center for the Evaluative Clinical Sciences at Dartmouth Medical School, concluded that birthplace is as important for neonatal outcomes as the race or prenatal health of the mother.

A low birth weight baby is defined as a newborn weighing less than 5.5 pounds. Although researchers have long known that low birth weight can be influenced by many factors including the biological interaction of the mother and the fetus, the parent's socioeconomic status, and medical care, these factors are little understood and public health initiatives aimed at reducing the incidence of low birth weight have been largely unsuccessful. National rates of low birth weight have actually increased over the past decade, a trend that has both economic and health consequences.

This study confirmed established knowledge that race plays a role in low birth weight, with an incidence of over 11 % of births to black mothers compared to less than 5 % of births to white mothers. Smoking or drinking during pregnancy approximately doubles the likelihood of low birth weight, as does a weight gain of less than 20 lbs. during pregnancy. Even after controlling for these established risk factors, the research team found that babies born in some regions of the U.S. were still more than 3 times as likely to be low birth weight compared to others.

"I was surprised that the regional
'"/>

Contact: Andy Nordhoff
Mednews@Dartmouth.edu
603-653-0784
Dartmouth Medical School
7-Nov-2005


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Study, meta-analysis examine factors associated with death from heatstroke
2. Study says COPD testing is not measuring up
3. Study suggests loss of 2 types of neurons -- not just 1 -- triggers Parkinsons symptoms
4. Study reveals gaps in vaccine financing for underinsured children
5. Study suggests nonpharmaceutical interventions may be helpful in severe influenza outbreaks
6. Study shows radiofrequency ablation highly effective in treating kidney tumors
7. Study says normal but out-of-control enzyme may be culprit that signals some cells to become cancer
8. Study finds HIV protease inhibitor drugs may adversely affect the scaffolding of the cell nucleus
9. Study outlines how stroke, head injury can increase risk of Alzheimers disease
10. Study identifies new regulator of fat metabolism
11. Study shows Diachrome improves blood sugar control in people with type 2 diabetes

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/30/2020)... ... March 30, 2020 , ... ... coronavirus pandemic sweeps the country. In an effort to keep frontline officers and ... enabling police interaction with community members while minimizing direct contact. They are also ...
(Date:3/28/2020)... ... March 27, 2020 , ... ... is now offering telemedicine as an alternative approach to seeing their patients. ... doctors in the comfort of their own home or office using video conference ...
(Date:3/27/2020)... ... March 27, 2020 , ... Justin P. ... Top Docs. Dr. Kubeck has been approved every year consecutively since 2016. Dr. ... in Spinal Surgery. , Dr. Kubeck’s medical education began at Thomas Jefferson ...
(Date:3/22/2020)... (PRWEB) , ... March 21, 2020 , ... ... Institute (MBI) and the Modular Home Builders Association (MHBA), have been working with ... , MHBA has been advocating for greater use of modular construction to ...
(Date:3/22/2020)... ... March 22, 2020 , ... In times ... to be a frivolous luxury. The world’s focus is on practical matters - ... sense of stability and control in chaos. However, it’s during these times that ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/2/2020)... ... 2020 , ... On April 15, the Center for Information ... Medical Hero Appreci-a-thon to bring the global clinical research community together to express ... study volunteers. CISCRP invites the public to participate in this free month-long ...
(Date:4/1/2020)... ... April 01, 2020 , ... The new platform/service titled ... first live-streaming broadcast premiering on April 2. , The live broadcasts will be ... of animal keepers and veterinary hospital staff with different animals. The interactive component ...
(Date:3/30/2020)... ... March 30, 2020 , ... Zaloni™, an ... by Dresner Advisory Services as the #2 vendor in the firm’s new Data ... orchestration, data transformation, and data integration for a variety of sources including databases, ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: