HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Study outlines how stroke, head injury can increase risk of Alzheimer's disease

Researchers from the MassGeneral Institute for Neurodegenerative Disorders (MGH-MIND) have discovered how the death of brain cells caused by a stroke or head injury may cause generation of amyloid-beta protein the key component of senile plaques seen in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease. Their report appears in the June 7 issue of the journal Neuron.

We have discovered how a stroke can trigger a series of biochemical events that increase amyloid-beta production in the brain, says Giuseppina Tesco, MD, PhD, of the MGH-MIND Genetics and Aging Research Unit, the papers lead author. These findings raise the prospect of novel therapies that could interfere with this process and reduce the risk of Alzheimers disease in stroke or head trauma patients.

It has been known for several years that strokes and head injuries can increase the risk of Alzheimers disease, but the mechanism underlying that increased risk has not been understood. Alzheimer's disease is characterized by plaques within the brain of amyloid-beta protein, which is toxic to brain cells. Amyloid-beta is formed when the larger amyloid precursor protein (APP) is clipped by two enzymes beta-secretase, also known as BACE, and gamma-secretase which releases the amyloid-beta fragment. The usual processing of APP by an enzyme called alpha-secretase produces an alternative, non-toxic protein.

The MGH-MIND team previously reported that cellular BACE levels are normally controlled by the enzymes breakdown in compartments called lysosomes, a process that is disrupted if a molecular signal on the enzyme is altered. That signal binds to GGA proteins, which are required for the transport of several types of enzymes into lysosomes. One of these proteins, GGA3, can be degraded by caspase, an enzyme takes part in the cell-death process called apoptosis.

In a series of experiments the MGH-MIND researchers revealed how cell death caused by a brain injury,
'"/>

Contact: Sue McGreevey
smcgreevey@partners.org
617-724-2764
Massachusetts General Hospital
6-Jun-2007


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Study, meta-analysis examine factors associated with death from heatstroke
2. Study says COPD testing is not measuring up
3. Study suggests loss of 2 types of neurons -- not just 1 -- triggers Parkinsons symptoms
4. Study reveals gaps in vaccine financing for underinsured children
5. Study suggests nonpharmaceutical interventions may be helpful in severe influenza outbreaks
6. Study shows radiofrequency ablation highly effective in treating kidney tumors
7. Study says normal but out-of-control enzyme may be culprit that signals some cells to become cancer
8. Study finds HIV protease inhibitor drugs may adversely affect the scaffolding of the cell nucleus
9. Study identifies new regulator of fat metabolism
10. Study shows Diachrome improves blood sugar control in people with type 2 diabetes
11. Study examines characteristics of female high school students who report steroid use

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:8/31/2020)... ... , ... Just found out your dear friend has cancer? , It’s hard to hear your ... shares their diagnosis. Once the shock wears off, the questions and fears can be overwhelming. ... best ways to help? Words are failing me. I’m scared. I want to DO something. ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... ... August 31, 2020 , ... Colorado State University Global (CSU ... affordable online education – is proud to announce its new master’s degree in ... its kind in the nation, the 60-credit hour program is designed to provide ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... ... August 31, 2020 , ... In an effort to give back to ... 10 percent of each hotel room booked with a special new rate code to ... Indiana (RMHC-CNI) , effective immediately. Donations will be applied to any room type, ...
(Date:8/28/2020)... ... 28, 2020 , ... Ernst & Young LLP (EY US) ... Of The Year® 2020 Florida Award finalist. Now in its 34th year, the ... growth and prosperity as they build and sustain successful businesses that transform our ...
(Date:8/28/2020)... (PRWEB) , ... August 28, 2020 , ... Integrated ... Miami is the first Florida school to deploy its breakthrough Mobile Biodefense Indoor Air ... airborne COVID-19. True North Classical Academy plans to fully reopen equipped with the filtration ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/1/2020)... ... September 01, 2020 , ... While coronavirus cases continue to increase across ... and community organizations remain closed. Because about 80% of blood donations are made at ... blood donors and blood drive hosts to ensure blood products are readily available for ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... (PRWEB) , ... August 31, 2020 , ... If you live in New York City ... real estate part makes sense, it’s the law of supply and demand, but are plastic ... has a significant percentage of their patients that make the four-hour trip to have ...
(Date:8/28/2020)... (PRWEB) , ... August 28, 2020 , ... Dr. ... reproductive and endoscopic surgeon and serves as a clinical professor in the Department of ... of the American Laparoscopy Society & Pacific Coast Reproductive Society and is a Clinical ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: