While the benefits of physical activity in reducing colon and breast cancer are well established, results of studies on exercise and ovarian cancer have been inconclusive. Because ovarian cancer has such a poor prognosis, it is even more important to identify modifiable lifestyle factors that could prevent it. A new study, published online May 16, 2005 in the International Journal of Cancer, the official journal of the International Union Against Cancer (UICC), found that regular moderate recreational and work-related physical activity may reduce the risk of ovarian cancer. The study is available via Wiley InterScience at http://www.interscience.wiley.com/journal/ijc
Researchers led by Dr. Sai Yi Pan, of the Public Health Agency of Canada, which is part of the Government of Canada, in collaboration with the Canadian Cancer Registries Epidemiology Research Group, examined data from the Canadian National Enhanced Cancer Surveillance System (NECSS) to study the role of physical activity and ovarian cancer. Self-administered questionnaires were completed and analyzed for 442 ovarian cancer patients and 2,135 controls. Respondents were asked in detail about when and how often they participated in recreational physical activities. Information on occupational activity was also collected in the province of Ontario.
The results showed a decrease in risk of ovarian cancer with high levels of moderate recreational physical activity, but not for vigorous activity. As well women with jobs that required moderate or strenuous activity experienced a reduction in ovarian cancer risk compared with those who worked in sedentary occupations.
Unique to this study was the examination of whether activity-related cancer risk varied by tumor type. Results showed that for moderate recreational activity there was a decreased risk of certain types of ovarian tumors but not for others. No previous studies hadPage: 1 2 Related medicine news :1
Contact: David Greenberg
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