HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Use of antibiotic to treat infectious eye disease trachoma may increase risk for reinfection

Use of the antibiotic azithromycin to treat trachoma in Vietnam resulted in an increase in the risk of re-infections, according to a study in the September 27 issue of JAMA.

In 1995, the World Health Organization (WHO) first published data on global blindness and reported that 15 percent of cases were due to trachoma (a contagious bacterial eye disease in which scar tissue forms inside the eyelid and causes infection), making it the second major cause of blindness after cataract. At that time, the WHO estimated that 146 million individuals were in need of treatment for active trachoma to prevent blindness, 10 million were in need of surgery for trachomatous trichiasis (eyelash[es] touching the eye), and 8 million were already blind, according to background information in the article.

In 1996, the WHO designed the SAFE (Surgery for trachomatous trichiasis; Antibiotics for Chlamydia trachomatis (a type of Chlamydia that causes trachoma); Facial cleanliness; and Environmental improvement) strategy with the goal of elimination of blinding trachoma by the year 2020. For the antibiotic arm of the SAFE strategy, the WHO has recommended antibiotic treatment with either topical tetracycline or oral azithromycin for certain categories of patients with active trachoma. Oral azithromycin has become the drug of choice for the SAFE programs because of difficulties concerning administration and adherence with topical tetracycline eye ointment. Despite a number of studies, there has been a lack of sufficient follow-up beyond the final treatment point to determine rates of recurrence of disease and infection and the risk factors that may contribute to each.

Berna Atik, M.D., M.P.H., of Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, Calif., and colleagues evaluated the effect of targeted oral azithromycin treatment of school age children and their household members in Vietnam on active trachoma and C trachomatis infection rates. Vietnam is
'"/>

Contact: Venita Robinson
510-428-3069
JAMA and Archives Journals
26-Sep-2006


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. UCLA researchers awarded $9M contract for study identifiying antibiotic treatment for MRSA
2. New contracts support clinical trials on antibiotic-resistant, community-acquired staph infections
3. Plants uptake antibiotics
4. Community-associated staph infections involving antibiotic-resistant bacteria increase
5. Researchers discover how antibiotic inhibits bacterial growth
6. Study finds antibiotic resistance in poultry even when antibiotics were not used
7. Rapid flu testing is associated with decreased antibiotic use in hospitalized adults
8. Rapid flu tests may reduce threat of antibiotic resistance
9. Antibiotic ear drops favored over popular oral antibiotics for ear infections
10. Controlling antibiotics and antibiotic resistance in hospitals
11. Transmission of antibiotic-resistant bacteria linked to previous intensive care unit room occupants

Post Your Comments:
(Date:7/2/2015)... ... July 02, 2015 , ... The ... Gelatin Capsule manufacturers. The report is a valuable source of guidance and direction ... global and Chinese market for the Gelatin Capsule industry including capacity, production, production ...
(Date:7/2/2015)... ... July 02, 2015 , ... ... development solutions for drugs, biologics and consumer health products, today announced that it ... Dr. Irmgard Neuper is the new General Manager at Catalent’s Schorndorf facility, which ...
(Date:7/2/2015)... ... 02, 2015 , ... Today, East Liverpool City Hospital announced Pam Akin, RN, ... City Hospital (ELCH). Pam is currently the Chief Nursing Officer at ELCH and will ... holds a master’s degree in health care administration as well as nursing. She has ...
(Date:7/2/2015)... ... July 02, 2015 , ... ... introduced CoolSculpting Plus, an advanced approach to body contouring. CoolSculpting Plus ... 44%. , About the basic CoolSculpting procedure:, The CoolSculpting procedure is ...
(Date:7/2/2015)... ... July 02, 2015 , ... Cs &A, the leader ... announced the release and publication of their newest offering to complement the existing ... Newsletter. , Designed in support of coverage for the full spectrum of ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Gelatin Capsule Market Outlook & Forecast Report 2015-2020 2Health News:Gelatin Capsule Market Outlook & Forecast Report 2015-2020 3Health News:Gelatin Capsule Market Outlook & Forecast Report 2015-2020 4Health News:Catalent Makes Two Key European Appointments in Oral Dose Manufacturing 2Health News:East Liverpool City Hospital Announces New Surgical Center Leadership 2Health News:East Liverpool City Hospital Announces New Surgical Center Leadership 3Health News:Fort Myers Plastic Surgeon Introduces a New and Improved Body Contouring Procedure - CoolSculpting Plus™ 2Health News:Fort Myers Plastic Surgeon Introduces a New and Improved Body Contouring Procedure - CoolSculpting Plus™ 3Health News:Fort Myers Plastic Surgeon Introduces a New and Improved Body Contouring Procedure - CoolSculpting Plus™ 4Health News:Cs &A Releases the SEMI TIMING Newsletter Specific to the Semiconductor Timing Industry 2Health News:Cs &A Releases the SEMI TIMING Newsletter Specific to the Semiconductor Timing Industry 3Health News:Cs &A Releases the SEMI TIMING Newsletter Specific to the Semiconductor Timing Industry 4
(Date:7/2/2015)... 2015 Research and Markets( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/nlfg34/cancer ) ... Technology, Imaging and by Application - Forecast to 2020" report ... expected to reach $13.1 Billion in 2020 from an estimated $7.1 ... The market is dominated by North America , ... , and Rest of the World (RoW). The cancer diagnostics market ...
(Date:7/2/2015)... 2, 2015 Pharma Major Lupin Limited ... "Biocom" in Russia subject to certain ... pharmaceutical market which recorded RUB 765 billion in sales, placing ... the world in 2014 (IMS Health). For over a decade, ... continue with this trend, projecting Russia ...
(Date:7/2/2015)... , June 25, 2015 ... has announced the addition of the ... Immunodiagnostics: Global Challenges, Emerging Technologies, Competitive Landscape" ... 2015 New Frontiers in Clinical Chemistry and ... is a new seven-country strategic analysis of ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:Global Cancer Diagnostics Market Report 2015 - Technology, Imaging and by Applications Forecasts to 2020 for the $13 Billion Industry 2Lupin Acquires Biocom in Russia 2Lupin Acquires Biocom in Russia 3New Frontiers in 2015 Global Clinical Chemistry and Immunodiagnostics Market: Challenges, Emerging Technologies, Competitive Landscape 2
Cached News: