HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Vascular structure and function improve with diet and exercise

high-normal blood pressure (systolic greater than 130 mmHg to 139 mmHg, diastolic greater than 85 mmHg to 89 mmHg) or pre-diabetes indicated by impaired fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance. The average age of patients was 53.3 years.

Researchers found that the 22 female and 16 male participants lost weight and improved their exercise capacity on the program. Treadmill tests were used to measure exercise capacity (VO2 max, the maximal volume of oxygen exchanged during exercise) at the beginning and end of the eight-week period. Average VO2 max increased from 32.1 milliliters per minute per kilogram (mL/min/kg) to 35.3 mL/min/kg. Average body weight decreased from 92.5 kg to 90.9 kg (203.5 pounds to 200 pounds).

"We were surprised that we saw such a weight reduction with the Mediterranean diet," Petrella said. "It was not a weight reduction program."

Blood pressure did not change significantly.

Ultrasound measurements of the heart and blood vessels at rest were performed as well.

Left ventricular diastolic filling (LVDF) measurements indicate the efficiency of the heart to relax. Left ventricular mass is a measure of end organ damage often following the onset of LVDF abnormalities.

The brachial (arm) and carotid (neck) arteries were tested for intima-media thickness and arterial distensibility. Both reflect the health of the blood vessels. The thicker and less distensible (elastic) the arteries are, the greater the load on the heart. This often results from changes in blood pressure, blood glucose or cholesterol disorders such as dyslipidemia.

Carotid artery distensibility was the only structural factor that significantly improved. It rose about 16 percent. Petrella said that the other factors may improve as patients are followed for one year.

One in three American adults has high blood pressure and two-thirds to three-fourths of people with diabetes mellitus die of some form of heart or blood vessel
'"/>

Contact: Carole Bullock
carole.bullock@heart.org
214-706-1279
American Heart Association
30-Apr-2005


Page: 1 2 3

Related medicine news :

1. Vascular disease most common cause of male erectile dysfunction
2. Better insight into brain anatomical structures
3. Drug eluting nanostructured coatings enable targeted drug therapy for orthopedic patients
4. Brain structure changes years before memory loss begins
5. Biologists learn structure of enzyme needed to power molecular motor
6. Clinical Trials Units selected for newly restructured HIV/AIDS research networks
7. IEEE-USA launches critical infrastructure protection committee
8. Molecular structure reveals how botulinum toxin attaches to nerve cells
9. Chemotherapy temporarily affects the structures of the human brain
10. Sandia work launched on space shuttle shows live cells influence growth of nanostructures
11. NIAID announces leadership for newly restructured HIV/AIDS clinical trials networks

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:8/21/2017)... , ... August 21, 2017 , ... San Diego physician ... health care reform plan, has announced his candidacy for the 52nd Congressional District currently ... shared in America’s Promise. Coming to this country at age eleven after suffering homelessness ...
(Date:8/21/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... August 21, 2017 , ... The ... Excellence Awards (IDSA IDEA®) 2017 Ceremony and Gala on Aug. 19, 2017 in ... one of the world’s most prestigious and rigorous design competitions. See all the winners ...
(Date:8/20/2017)... ... 20, 2017 , ... HIPAA Solutions, LC is ... assisted multiple clients in successfully passing audits such as Office of Civil Rights ... SOC Level 2), and State Data Use Agreement Audits. , HIPAA Solutions, ...
(Date:8/20/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Are you an adult with gluten intolerance or Celiac disease ... interested in participating in a research study that focuses on family interactions when dealing ... the relational aspects of adults who have gluten sensitivities who cohabitate with other adults ...
(Date:8/19/2017)... ... , ... Western University of Health Sciences will host a special symposium and ... for Innovation on Wednesday, September 6, 2017. , The symposium will be from noon ... technology exhibition from 1 to 3 p.m. showcasing virtual reality education technology, high speed ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:7/31/2017)... Tenn. , July 31, 2017 Three Tru-D SmartUVC ... Yongsan, South Korea . Tru-D, short for "Total Room ... and operating rooms after an environmental services (ES) professional cleans the area ... ... "Although the ...
(Date:7/27/2017)... WARSAW, Ind., July 27, 2017  Zimmer Biomet Holdings, ... the quarter ended June 30, 2017.  The Company reported ... of 1.1% over the prior year period, and an ... approximately 240 basis points of contribution from the LDR ... from the second quarter of 2016, or 0.3% on ...
(Date:7/26/2017)... 26, 2017 Sancilio Pharmaceuticals Company, Inc. (SPCI) ... trial evaluating Altemia TM , an oral therapy for ... Cell Disease (SCD). The SCOT Trial, is a double-blind, ... safety of Altemia TM in pediatric patients aged ... IND 125274. "The ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: