HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Vascular structure and function improve with diet and exercise

high-normal blood pressure (systolic greater than 130 mmHg to 139 mmHg, diastolic greater than 85 mmHg to 89 mmHg) or pre-diabetes indicated by impaired fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance. The average age of patients was 53.3 years.

Researchers found that the 22 female and 16 male participants lost weight and improved their exercise capacity on the program. Treadmill tests were used to measure exercise capacity (VO2 max, the maximal volume of oxygen exchanged during exercise) at the beginning and end of the eight-week period. Average VO2 max increased from 32.1 milliliters per minute per kilogram (mL/min/kg) to 35.3 mL/min/kg. Average body weight decreased from 92.5 kg to 90.9 kg (203.5 pounds to 200 pounds).

"We were surprised that we saw such a weight reduction with the Mediterranean diet," Petrella said. "It was not a weight reduction program."

Blood pressure did not change significantly.

Ultrasound measurements of the heart and blood vessels at rest were performed as well.

Left ventricular diastolic filling (LVDF) measurements indicate the efficiency of the heart to relax. Left ventricular mass is a measure of end organ damage often following the onset of LVDF abnormalities.

The brachial (arm) and carotid (neck) arteries were tested for intima-media thickness and arterial distensibility. Both reflect the health of the blood vessels. The thicker and less distensible (elastic) the arteries are, the greater the load on the heart. This often results from changes in blood pressure, blood glucose or cholesterol disorders such as dyslipidemia.

Carotid artery distensibility was the only structural factor that significantly improved. It rose about 16 percent. Petrella said that the other factors may improve as patients are followed for one year.

One in three American adults has high blood pressure and two-thirds to three-fourths of people with diabetes mellitus die of some form of heart or blood vessel
'"/>

Contact: Carole Bullock
carole.bullock@heart.org
214-706-1279
American Heart Association
30-Apr-2005


Page: 1 2 3

Related medicine news :

1. Vascular disease most common cause of male erectile dysfunction
2. Better insight into brain anatomical structures
3. Drug eluting nanostructured coatings enable targeted drug therapy for orthopedic patients
4. Brain structure changes years before memory loss begins
5. Biologists learn structure of enzyme needed to power molecular motor
6. Clinical Trials Units selected for newly restructured HIV/AIDS research networks
7. IEEE-USA launches critical infrastructure protection committee
8. Molecular structure reveals how botulinum toxin attaches to nerve cells
9. Chemotherapy temporarily affects the structures of the human brain
10. Sandia work launched on space shuttle shows live cells influence growth of nanostructures
11. NIAID announces leadership for newly restructured HIV/AIDS clinical trials networks

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... ... ) announced their partnership to prep patients for colonoscopy at the HyGIeaCare® Center ... in 87th Ave., Miami, FL. , The HyGIeaCare® Prep, cleared by ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... 2017 , ... “Vintage and Harvest A Cultivation of Christian Love” is the ... in North Carolina with his wife, Anna Marie. He and his wife are the ... is also the author of “Shadow and Substance.” , “Love, the agape kind, is ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... March 23, 2017 , ... The physicians ... location in the greater Houston Area. The new location is located at 2255 E. ... Hospital in Springwoods Village. This newest location will provide patients living in the north ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... March 23, 2017 , ... The MBI “Hall of Fame” recognizes the ... acts have had a significant impact on the careers of all others involved. ... Inc. was inducted into the MBI’s Hall of Fame. The induction took place during ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... , ... March 23, 2017 , ... ... Disease Management Accreditation from the NCQA. The accreditation covers StayWell’s asthma, coronary artery ... Accredited status is granted to organizations that have excellent programs for the delivery ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/24/2017)... , March 24, 2017  Zymo ... company, and Hamilton Robotics, Inc., who designs, ... an ongoing collaboration that teams Zymo Research,s ... RNA and DNA extraction products with Hamilton,s ... created optimized methods for microbiomics and RNA ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... NEW YORK , March 24, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ...  a leading organization within medical affairs in the ... as the chair of a newly formed ... additional board members to form the first ever ... For more information about the ACMA, ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... , Mar. 24, 2017 Research and Markets has ... Analysis, 2016" report to their offering. ... The IPF pipeline is very strong with a total ... & Co., Inc., Biogen and Sanofi are involved in the development of ... which one is in Phase III stage, 15 are in Phase II ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: