Tag: "alcoholism" at biology news

A liking for sweets, combined with novelty seeking, may predict alcoholism

...ste (sweet liking) with a genetic vulnerability to alcoholism among children of alcoholic fathers. Sweet liking,...aste (sweet liking) and a genetic vulnerability to alcoholism among children of alcoholic fathers. Sweet liking, however, is insufficient by itself to predict al...

Genes can influence both alcohol consumption and dependence

...viduals with a family history of heavy drinking or alcoholism can be aware that they may be at increased risk themselves, and can avoid situations that lead to heavy drinking, or can seek help early if problems emerge." Whitefield is hopeful that his research may help to change perceptions of alcoholism. "Natu...

Acamprosate: potential medication for treating alcoholism

...onic alcohol use can cause, the pharmacotherapy of alcoholism has become increasingly relevant for the treatment of alcohol craving, abstinence, and relapse. A study in the July issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research examines the effects of acamprosate (calcium acetyl homotaurinate), a medicat...

Antioxidants during pregnancy may help prevent birth defects tied to alcohol

... born to chronic alcoholics," Sulik said. "Chronic alcoholism is a huge problem in our population." Results from the 2001-2002 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC), a study directed by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), show that the num...

Drunken worms reveal a genetic basis of alcohol response

Since one of the basic risk factors for alcoholism is a tolerance to alcohol, researchers have long s...s been investigated as a potential genetic link to alcoholism but the data have been controversial. If further studies determine that NPY affects alcohol sensiti...

Gene linked to alcoholism

...ofessor of psychiatry and director of neuroscience alcoholism research at the UIC College of Medicine. When CREB is activated, it regulates the production of a brain protein called neuropeptide Y. Low levels of active CREB or of neuropeptide Y correlate with symptoms of anxiety and excessive alcohol consumption...

Gene therapy reduces drinking in rats with genetic predisposition to 'alcoholism'

...-preferring rats are a much better model for human alcoholism than the rats used previously, which the scientist...ring rats. In future studies, the D2 connection to alcoholism will be examined in transgenic mice that are totally depleted of D2. In addition, the scientists pla...

Alcoholism risk linked to gene involved in brain chemistry

...tatistical link between this gene and the risk for alcoholism is powerful, said Howard J. Edenberg, Ph.D., Chanc...genes and brain signaling pathways associated with alcoholism -- and learn how they vary from one person to another -- opportunities should arise for development ...

Scripps scientists describe dangerous cocktail of alcohol, brain peptides, and neurotransmitters

...ke. The direct and indirect public health costs of alcoholism are estimated to be in the hundreds of billions of...y changes are probably a major cause of relapse to alcoholism in individuals undergoing treatment. Previous studies have also shown that alcohol enhances ...

Proteomics and alcoholism research

...search , proteomics has important implications for alcoholism research in terms of identifying biomarkers of alc...at alcoholism. "The study of proteins involved in alcoholism has taken two different approaches," said Chinnaswamy Kasinathan, associate professor at the Univers...

Bridging the gap between genetics and motivations to drink alcohol

...ol provided a partial explanation for how risk for alcoholism is transmitted across generations," said Carol A. ...mple, we know that people with a family history of alcoholism are more likely to have positive expectations and less likely to have negative ones." "Although th...

Researchers find an association between alcohol dependence and the GABAA receptor gene GABRG3

...nding supports the theory that a predisposition to alcoholism may be inherited as a general state of central ner...t. "It is likely that many genes that influence alcoholism act through indirect pathways," said Dick, "in other words, there is no gene that directly causes yo...

Alcohol-dependence gene identified

...GABRG3. But it is not known how GABRG3 influences alcoholism risk. Dick says previous research has suggested ch...e supports a current theory that predisposition to alcoholism might be inherited as part of a general state of brain overactivation. People at risk for alcoholism...

Rodents bred for alcohol preference live longer than rats bred for alcohol avoidance

...s a paradox. It seems very likely that developing alcoholism is a very detrimental trait from an evolutionary p... Tribes in which many of the elders have developed alcoholism should have been less adept at raising children who survive and reproduce. If this is true, why has...

Scripps Research receives $3 million anonymous donation

...he gift is "in memory of my parents whom I lost to alcoholism and addiction and on behalf of other family member...lfill the donor's wish that biomedical research on alcoholism and addiction be translated into testing treatments to curb addiction and relapse." In leading the ...

Alcoholics with antisocial personality disorder have blunted emotional reactivity

...s, which may in turn facilitate the development of alcoholism through maladaptive, disinhibited behavior. "Despi... stimuli.) "We found that persons with co-existing alcoholism and ASPD are different from alcoholics without ASPD and non-ASPD, non-alcoholic controls in their re...

Link between alcohol consumption and muscle damage in females

... 1, 2003 (Bethesda, MD) A common manifestation of alcoholism is the degeneration, or wasting away, of skeletal muscle. The condition, known as alcoholic myopathy, affects up to two-thirds of those who excessively consume alcohol; moreover, women appear to be particularly susceptible. The dominant features of t...

A sweet tooth may be a 'marker' for the genetic risk for developing alcoholism

...search indicate that a liking for sweets precedes alcoholism and may in fact serve as a "marker" for the geneti...igher sweet preference existed before the onset of alcoholism and somehow reflects predisposition for this disease. Our present manuscript is focused on resolvin...

Adult alcoholism and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder are connected

... drug called fenfluramine in subjects with ADHD or alcoholism revealed similar differences in the serotonergic n...pecifics" as well as co-existing disorders such as alcoholism and ADHD. While pharmacological remedies, they noted, have been extensively evaluated for the treat...

New study provides first linkage of fetal alcohol exposure and enlarged heart

...The high incidence of heart defects indicates that alcoholism during pregnancy has to be considered as a serious and preventable cause of congenital heart disease. Moreover, low birth weight is linked to a later emergence of cardiovascular and metabolic medical disorders, including ischemic heart disease, hyp...

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