Tag: "athletic" at biology news
Genetically-engineered 'marathon mouse' keeps on running
...cal companies could be abused as a way to enhance athletic
performance. Led by Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator Ronald M. Evans at The Salk Institute, the researchers published their findings online August 24, 2004, in the journal Public Library of Science Biology. Other co-authors are from Se...
Wheelchairs biomechanics, prosthetic development
...e prevalence and identity of shoulder pathology in athletic
and nonathletic manual wheelchair users. Fifty-two manual wheelchair users completed a survey regarding the nature of their injury, sports involvement, history, and presence of current and/or past shoulder pathology. Volunteers currently experiencing...
Deciphering the limits to human maximal exercise performance
...the majority of active muscles. By studying elite athletic
humans with highly trained arm and legs muscles (cross-country skiers), Dr Jose A. Calbet and a team of Scandinavian colleagues led by Professor Bengt Saltin present, in the forthcoming issue of The Journal of Physiology, conclusive evidence showing ...
Exercise reduces blood estrogens, risk for breast cancer in post menopausal women
...out sessions performed either in their homes or in athletic
gymnasiums. "This study indicates that exercise can lower levels of circulating estrogens and increase levels of a protein called sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG--a blood-borne protein) that binds up free-estrogen in the serum," Dr. McTiernan sai...
Research suggests new way to repair cartilage damage
... $26,000, the tissue patch approach works well for athletic
injuries, but isn't recommended for osteoarthritis treatment, said Setton. Focusing on an alternative approach that provides for rapid and easy defect repair, Setton and her Duke University Medical Center colleague, T. Parker Vail of Orthopaedic Surg...
Athletics, genetic enhancement and ethics
...ent in competitive sports, from the perspective of athletic
organizations, athletes, scientists, and ethicists...pected "off-label" application of genetic tools in athletic
settings outside the reach of review and regulatory bodies. Pressure for effective and less detectab...
Golfing toward a greener environment
...eakers, can be found beneath the turfgrass at many athletic
stadiums, including Camp Randall Stadium at UW-Madison. Park has been studying the characteristics of tires for the last 12 years. In that time, he and his colleagues have shown that tire chips - ground-up pieces of this rubber material - can absor...
Men are faster than women. but does that mean bets should always be placed on colts?
...there are physiological parameters known to affect athletic
ability. In humans and animals, maximal aerobic c...en has been verified repeatedly, in young and old, athletic
and sedentary. The differences between the sexes that underlie men's athletic
advantage include bod...
Scientists discover chemical switch that determines muscle fiber type
...he researchers caution they're not promising a new athletic
stamina-enhancing drug, they say it's certainly possible that the might benefit people who are deficient in Type I muscle fibers because of medical conditions. "Down the road, one would like to be able to incorporate it into some therapy where one ...
City birds prefer rich neighbors
... the study sites, with a similar landscape (grass, athletic
fields, facilities and scattered trees) but significant differences in the surrounding neighborhoods. "What we are seeing is a pretty strong trend in the data," said Kinzig. "We can't explain bird diversity in the parks by the size of the parks, or t...
Scientists identify key risk factor for canine arthritis: Method may eventually give humans similar warning
...rtain breeds that have long been bred for speed or athletic
prowess, such as performance borzois and racing greyhounds, almost never develop arthritis. "This research gives dog breeders an additional tool they may use in their efforts to decrease the incidence of hip dysplasia," said Mary B. Mahaffey of the U...
Horse breath testing to benefit racing
...followed, theproduct allows horses that have shown athletic
promise before theyincurred the injury to return to racing."...
Rutgers scientists mapping DNA links to complex diseases
...ferent traits, such as blue eyes instead of brown, athletic
ability or artistic ability," Matise says, "traits that also include how susceptible an individual may be to certain diseases." SNPs are valuable research tools because they are the most common and simple type of genetic variation shared among ...
Exercise effects dependent on time of day
performance may be related to time of day, suggest...ould be better than others for regular exercise or athletic
performance, as we might expect from anectdotally reported variations in peak athletic
Heritability of attitudes: Twin research in religious perspective
...ze that a genetic predisposition toward success in athletic
competition, mediated by experiences of success in sports, leads toward a positive social attitude toward athletics. This claim for genetic determinism is modest yet still courageous when presented before an audience of social scientists with investm...
Report on dietary supplements containing ephedra makes urgent call for research to develop dose guidelines, safety warnings
...ants, used for short-term energy boosts to enhance athletic
performance and endurance, to help people exercise longer, feel more alert, and to dampen appetite, Haller explained. Studies indicate that weight loss with the aid of such products is only temporary, she added. In addition, as people continue to tak...
Athletes take note: Not all energy bars built the same
COLUMBUS, Ohio - Energy bars, touted for improving athletic
performance while providing the right combination of essential nutrients, may not always give endurance athletes the boost they expect. An Ohio State University research...
Professor says college athletic departments must pay more attention to eating disorders
...the attorney wrote about the legal duty of college athletic
departments to athletes with eating disorders appe...he also outlines a risk-management program -- what athletic
departments can do to meet their legal duties to athletes and limit their liability in case of serio...
Creatine may improve performance during short bursts of activity
...ll help a person improve athletic
performance, she said. Appropriate training and the right diet can get a person into better condition before he even thinks about taking supplements. The research was fund...
...wning that had nosatisfactory explanation. She was athletic
and a good swimmer, yet she drownedwhile swimming laps in four feet of water. Molecular testing of the woman'sheart tissue identified the genetic mutation. Subsequent testing revealed thatthe mother and a sister also had inherited long-QT syndrome. T...